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Alendronate for Prevention of AntiRetroviral Therapy-associated Bone Loss

Information source: University College Dublin
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Bone Demineralization

Intervention: Alendronate (Drug); Placebo (Drug); calcium carbonate and colecalciferol (Dietary Supplement); Tenofovir disoproxil (Drug)

Phase: Phase 4

Status: Not yet recruiting

Sponsored by: University College Dublin

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Patrick WG Mallon, MB BCh BAO,PhD,FRCPI, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: University College Dublin

Overall contact:
Elena Alvarez, BP PhD, Email: elena.alvarezbarco@ucd.ie


Antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation is associated with a significant loss of bone mineral density (BMD), characterised by increases in bone turnover, which is largely limited to the first 48 weeks of therapy. Bisphosphonates, such as alendronate, decrease bone turnover and can limit loss of bone mineral density. This study aims to determine if a short course of treatment with the oral bisphosphonate alendronate can limit loss of bone mineral density associated with initiation of ART in HIV-1 infected, antiretroviral naive, adult subjects.

Clinical Details

Official title: A Multi-centre, Prospective, Randomised Trial of Short Course Alendronate Therapy or Placebo Combined With Vitamin D and Calcium to Prevent Loss of Bone Mineral Density in Antiretroviral-na´ve, HIV-1 Infected Subjects Initiating Antiretroviral Therapy

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Prevention

Primary outcome: Rate of changes in bone mineral density

Secondary outcome:

Rate of changes in bone turnover markers

Impact of ART choice on alendronate protective effect

Detailed description: Multi-centre, prospective, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial over 50 weeks. The aims of this study include: 1. To determine if short-course treatment with alendronate versus placebo combined with calcium and vitamin D, initiated 2 weeks prior to start of ART and can prevent loss of BMD over 48 weeks of follow-up post ART initiation. 2. To explore the effect of alendronate on bone turnover in the setting of ART initiation. 3. To determine which factors, such as choice of ART, impacts the protective effect of alendronate in preventing BMD loss. 4. To determine the relationship between changes in bone turnover markers, vitamin D, parathyroid hormone and calcium levels. 5. To explore the pathogenesis of BMD loss with initiation of ART by investigating relationships between changes in immune function (T-cells and B-cells subsets), bone turnover and BMD.


Minimum age: 30 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- male>30 years old or female>35 years old

- HIV-1 antibody positive

- antiretroviral therapy naïve

- be presumed to have achieved peak bone mass

- be eligible for initiation of antiretroviral therapy in the opinion of the


- be able to provide written, informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

- subjects unable to comply with the study protocol or unable to stand/sit upright for

at least 30 minutes

- history of osteoporosis

- history of fragility fracture or previous femoral fracture

- chronic renal failure

- hypocalcemia or hypercalcemia at screening

- history of Paget's disease or known primary hyperparathyroidism

- previous treatment with or allergy (including hypersensitivity) to bisphosphonates

- recent history (past 12 months) of peptic or duodenal ulcers or oesophagitis,

aspiration or any other abnormality of the oesophagus

- current therapy with prescribed calcium or vitamin D preparations (other than

over-the-counter multivitamin preparations)

- current therapy with aspirin or other regularly prescribed non-steroidal

anti-inflammatory drugs

- recent dental work (within the past 3 months) or poor oral hygiene (as judged in the

opinion of the investigator)

- recent (within the past three months) significant steroid exposure

- for female subjects: pregnancy at screening, planning future pregnancies or unwilling

to take measures to avoid pregnancy for the duration of the study

- where in the investigator's opinion, there is a necessity to initiate ART within the

pre-ART study window period

- hepatitis B or hepatitis C co-infection

- any active illness (including AIDS illness) which in the opinion of the investigator

precludes participation in the study

- subjects concurrently enrolled in another clinical trial of an investigational

medical product

Locations and Contacts

Elena Alvarez, BP PhD, Email: elena.alvarezbarco@ucd.ie

Beaumont Hospital, Dublin 9, Ireland; Not yet recruiting
Samuel McConkey, MB BCh, MD,MRCPI, Email: smcconkey@rcsi.ie
Nora McNally, MD

Mater Misericordiae University Hospital, Dublin 7, Ireland; Not yet recruiting
Elena Alvarez, BP, PhD, Email: elena.alvarezbarco@ucd.ie
Patrick WG Mallon, MB BCh, PhD, FRCPI, Email: paddy.mallon@ucd.ie
John Lambert, MD, PhD, Sub-Investigator
Gerard Sheehan, MB BCh BAO, FRCPI, Sub-Investigator

Additional Information

HIV Molecular Research Group

Related publications:

Cotter AG, Sabin CA, Simelane S, Macken A, Kavanagh E, Brady JJ, McCarthy G, Compston J, Mallon PW; HIV UPBEAT Study Group. Relative contribution of HIV infection, demographics and body mass index to bone mineral density. AIDS. 2014 Sep 10;28(14):2051-60. doi: 10.1097/QAD.0000000000000353.

McComsey GA, Kendall MA, Tebas P, Swindells S, Hogg E, Alston-Smith B, Suckow C, Gopalakrishnan G, Benson C, Wohl DA. Alendronate with calcium and vitamin D supplementation is safe and effective for the treatment of decreased bone mineral density in HIV. AIDS. 2007 Nov 30;21(18):2473-82.

Starting date: February 2015
Last updated: December 17, 2014

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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