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Effects of GABA Modulator AZD7325 on Cortical Excitability

Information source: University College, London
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Healthy

Intervention: 2 mg AZD7325 (Drug); 10 mg AZD7325 (Drug); Placebo (Drug)

Phase: Phase 1

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: University College, London

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Martin Koltzenburg, Prof, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Institute of Neurology, University College London

Overall contact:
Martin Koltzenburg, Prof, Phone: 442034484752, Email: m.koltzenburg@ucl.ac.uk

Summary

GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid) is the main inhibitory compound in the human brain. Drugs that enhance its effects by binding on GABA receptors (e. g., benzodiazepines) are used to treat various diseases such as epilepsy, insomnia, anxiety or movement disorders. However, the use of these medications is often compromised due to their side effects, like sedation, cognitive impairment, and addiction. Many of these side effects have been linked to a particular type of GABA receptor (GABA A alpha 1). Therefore, effort is being made to develop drugs that do not act on this receptor, but maintain their beneficial properties by acting on other types of GABA receptors. AZD7325 is a drug that selectively acts on GABA A alpha 2 and A alpha 3 receptors, but not A alpha 1. It has been tested in more than 700 people and so far proved to be generally well tolerated. Positron emission tomography (PET) study in humans demonstrated that AZD7325 binds to GABA A receptors in the brain after a single dose. Early clinical studies have shown that it has less sedative and cognitive adverse events as compared with a benzodiazepine lorazepam. In this study, we will investigate its effects on short interval intracortical inhibition (SICI). SICI is neurophysiological marker of inhibitory processes in the motor cortex. It is obtained non-invasively by using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). In TMS, magnetic impulses applied over the scalp that in turn induce a current in a small area of the brain. If applied over the motor areas of the brain, impulses result in muscle twitch that is recorded with surface electrodes. SICI is enhanced by certain drugs like benzodiazepines that act on GABA A alpha 1,2,3, and 5 receptor subtypes, but not by zolpidem acting solely on alpha 1 subtype. Because GABA A alpha 5 receptor subtype is less common in the cortex, it has been concluded that the drug effects on SICI are related to GABA A alpha 2 and alpha 3 receptors. If AZD7325 proves to enhance SICI in healthy volunteers, this would create the grounds for the use of this medication to treat certain neurological disorders in which SICI has been found to be impaired (e. g., dystonia).

Clinical Details

Official title: A Phase I Single Site, Single Dose, Randomised, Double-blind, Placebo Controlled 3-way Cross-over Biomarker Study Investigating the Effect of the GABA Modulator AZD7325 on Short Interval Intracortical Inhibition (SICI) in Healthy Volunteers

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Pharmacodynamics Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Basic Science

Primary outcome: Change in conventional measure of percentage short interval intracortical inhibition (SICI) at an interstimulus interval (ISI) of 2.5 ms and conditioning stimulus intensity of 70 percent of resting motor threshold

Secondary outcome:

Change in the variables of kinematic analysis of circle drawing

Change in the rating on a 0-100 mm Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) of degree of sedation and the score of Symbol Digit Modalities Test (SDMT)

Safety and tolerability of a single dose of AZD7325 by assessment of adverse events, vital signs, physical examination, ECG, and laboratory variables

Eligibility

Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 55 Years. Gender(s): Male.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Male adults aged 18 to 55 years (extremes are included)

- A body weight resulting in a body mass index (BMI) of 18 - 30 kg/m2 (extremes

included) using the formula BMI = body-weight [in kg] / body-height [in m]2

- Able and willing to sign the Informed Consent Form prior to screening evaluations

- History of good physical and mental health as determined by history taking and

laboratory examinations, ECG, blood pressure and heart rate recordings as judged by the investigator

- Willing not to consume alcohol or to smoke or chew tobacco on days of assessments

- Subjects must be willing to avoid unprotected sex or donating sperm until 3 weeks

after drug administration Exclusion Criteria:

- History of sensitivity/idiosyncrasy to AZD7325 or chemically related compounds or

excipients which may be employed in the study or to any other drug used in the past

- Subject has taken systemically any potent or moderate CYP3A4 or CYP2C9 inhibitor, 1

month prior to screening (topical or inhaled are permitted) such as: aprepitant, barbiturates, carbamazepine, clarithromycin, erythromycin, cyclosporine, diltiazem, efavirenz, fluconazole, HIV protease inhibitors, glucocorticoids, itraconazole (oral/IV), ketoconazole, nefazodone, nevirapine, phenytoin, pioglitazone, primidone, rifabutin, rifampicin, telithromycin, St. John's wort, verapamil

- Use of any prescription drug within two weeks prior to the first dosing, except for

topical medication without systemic exposure

- Clinically relevant history or presence of any medical disorder, potentially

interfering with this trial

- Clinically relevant abnormal laboratory, ECG, HR or BP at screening as judged by the

investigator

- History of or current abuse of drugs (including prescription medication) or alcohol

or solvents

- Smoking in excess of 5 cigarettes per day or the equivalent within 28 days prior to

the first study day

- Smoking or chewing of tobacco or consuming of alcohol 24 hours before and on the days

of assessment

- Subject is family member or in the employment line management of study personnel

- Subject's partner is planning pregnancy within 3 months of last dosing

- Participation in an investigational medicinal product (IMP) intervention trial within

last month or more than four in the previous 12 months

- Abnormal SICI response, kinematic analysis of circle drawing, SDMT, VAS outside 95%

confidence interval of normal at screening visit

- Contraindications for TMS

Locations and Contacts

Martin Koltzenburg, Prof, Phone: 442034484752, Email: m.koltzenburg@ucl.ac.uk

National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, UCLH NHS Foundation Trust, London WC1N 3BG, United Kingdom; Recruiting
Martin Koltzenburg, Prof, Phone: 442034484752, Email: m.koltzenburg@ucl.ac.uk
Gintaute Samusyte, MD, Phone: 442034483379, Email: g.samusyte@ucl.ac.uk
Martin Koltzenburg, Prof, Principal Investigator
Gintaute Samusyte, MD, Sub-Investigator
Additional Information

Starting date: September 2014
Last updated: August 11, 2015

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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