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Antithymocyte Globulin and Sirolimus in Treating Patients With Relapsed Multiple Myeloma

Information source: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on October 04, 2010
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Drug/Agent Toxicity by Tissue/Organ; Multiple Myeloma and Plasma Cell Neoplasm

Intervention: anti-thymocyte globulin (Biological); sirolimus (Drug); pharmacological study (Other)

Phase: Phase 1

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: James P. Wilmot Cancer Center

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
J. J. Ifthikharuddin, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: James P. Wilmot Cancer Center
Martin S. Zand, MD, PhD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: James P. Wilmot Cancer Center

Summary

RATIONALE: Biological therapies, such as antithymocyte globulin may stimulate the immune system in different ways and stop cancer cells from growing. Sirolimus may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. It may also prevent or reduce the side effects of antithymocyte globulin. Giving antithymocyte globulin together with sirolimus may kill more cancer cells.

PURPOSE: This phase I trial is studying the side effects and best dose of antithymocyte globulin when given together with sirolimus in treating patients with relapsed multiple myeloma.

Clinical Details

Official title: A Pilot, Phase-I Trial of Rabbit Anti-Thymocyte Globulin (rATG, Thymoglobulin™) in Combination With Rapamycin in Relapsed Multiple Myeloma (MM)

Study design: Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Dose-limiting toxicity and maximum tolerated dose

Secondary outcome:

Relapse rates as measured by standard response criteria

Laboratory correlative studies

Detailed description: OBJECTIVES:

Primary

- Determine the safety and tolerability, in terms of clinical and laboratory toxicity, of

anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG) combined with sirolimus in patients with relapsed multiple myeloma.

- Determine the dose-limiting toxicity of this regimen in these patients.

- Determine the maximum tolerated dose of ATG when administered with sirolimus in these

patients.

Secondary

- Determine the clinical activity of this regimen, in terms of measurability of

improvement in clinical benefits, in these patients.

- Assess patients for sensitivity of CD 138^-positive myeloma cells to ATG prior to

treatment.

- Determine the pharmacokinetics, in terms of ATG levels in blood and bone marrow, in

these patients.

- Assess the binding capability of ATG to bone marrow resident myeloma cells.

- Determine if an ATG-resistant clone emerges after treatment.

OUTLINE: This is an open-label, pilot, dose-escalation study of anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG).

Patients receive ATG IV over 6-12 hours for 4, 6, or 8 days and oral sirolimus once daily on days 1-30 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of ATG until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 3 or 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity. At least 6 patients are treated at the MTD.

Bone marrow aspirates and blood samples are collected at baseline and periodically during study treatment for drug sensitivity and pharmacokinetic studies.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed every 3 weeks for up to 2 months and then monthly thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 18 patients will be accrued for this study.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

- Previously diagnosed multiple myeloma (MM) based on standard criteria

- Soft tissue (not bone only) plasmacytomas allowed

- Measurable disease, meeting both of the following criteria:

- Monoclonal population of plasma cell in the bone marrow

- Quantifiable serum and/or urine monoclonal protein (i. e., generally, but not

exclusively, IgG > 1 g/dL, IgA > 0. 5 g/dL, or urine light-chain excretion ≥ 200 mg/24 hours)

- Steroid-refractory disease, defined as less than a minimum response to prior

high-dose glucocorticoid therapy

- Minimal response requires all of the following criteria:

- 25-49% reduction in the level of serum monoclonal paraprotein maintained

for ≥ 6 weeks

- 50-89% reduction in 24-hour urinary light-chain excretion, but still > 200

mg/24 hours, maintained for ≥ 6 weeks

- 25-49% reduction in the size of soft tissue plasmacytomas (clinically or by

CT scan or MRI)

- No increase in size or number of lytic bone lesions

- High-dose glucocorticoid therapy defined as 480 mg dexamethasone (or equivalent)

alone or as part of a vincristine, doxorubicin, and dexamethasone regimen

- Must have undergone autologous transplantation OR received ≥ 2 conventional lines of

therapy

- Currently requiring therapy for progressive disease, as indicated by any of the

following criteria:

- 25% increase in paraprotein

- Development of new or progression of pre-existing lytic bone lesions or soft

tissue plasmacytomas

- Hypercalcemia not attributable to any other cause

- Relapse from complete remission

- No nonsecretory MM

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

- Zubrod performance status 0-2

- 3-4 allowed if, in the opinion of the investigator, secondary to MM-related bone

pain

- Life expectancy ≥ 3 months

- Creatinine ≤ 1. 5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)

- AST and ALT ≤ 2. 5 times ULN

- Bilirubin ≤ 1. 5 times ULN

- Calcium < 14 mg/dL

- Not pregnant or nursing

- Negative pregnancy test

- Fertile patients must use effective contraception

- HIV negative

- Hepatitis B surface antigen and hepatitis C antibody negative

- No known history of allergy to rabbit proteins

- No history of cardiac amyloidosis

- No poorly controlled hypertension, diabetes mellitus, coronary artery disease, or

other serious medical or psychiatric illness

- No myocardial infarction within the past 6 weeks

- No New York Heart Association class III or IV heart failure

- No uncontrolled angina

- No severe uncontrolled ventricular arrhythmias

- No evidence of acute ischemia or active conduction system abnormality by

electrocardiogram

- No active systemic infection requiring treatment unless adequately controlled with

appropriate antimicrobial therapy (e. g., treated central line infection)

- No acute viral illness

- No pathologic fractures or symptomatic hyperviscosity

- No other prior malignancy except adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin

cancer, cervical cancer in situ, or any other cancer with a disease-free status for ≥ 3 years

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

- See Disease Characteristics

- At least 8 weeks since prior immunotherapy or antibody therapy

- At least 4 weeks since prior major surgery (except for kyphoplasty)

- At least 3 weeks since prior conventional chemotherapy or radiotherapy for MM

- At least 3 weeks since prior bortezomib, thalidomide, or clarithromycin for MM

- No prior anti-thymocyte globulin

- No concurrent radiotherapy

- No other concurrent antineoplastic therapy with known activity against MM, including

clarithromycin

- No other concurrent investigational agents

Locations and Contacts

James P. Wilmot Cancer Center at University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York 14642, United States; Recruiting
J. J. Ifthikharuddin, MD, Phone: 585-275-4099
Additional Information

Clinical trial summary from the National Cancer Institute's PDQ® database

Starting date: April 2006
Last updated: June 9, 2009

Page last updated: October 04, 2010

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