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Study to Evaluate the Efficacy, Safety and Tolerability of Bupropion Hydrochloride Extended-release Tablet, and Escitalopram Oxalate Capsule in Subjects With Major Depressive Disorder

Information source: GlaxoSmithKline
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Depressive Disorder, Major

Intervention: Bupropion (Drug); Bupropion Matching Placebo (Drug); Escitalopram (Drug); Escitalopram Matching Placebo (Drug)

Phase: Phase 3

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: GlaxoSmithKline

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
GSK Clinical Trials, Study Director, Affiliation: GlaxoSmithKline

Overall contact:
US GSK Clinical Call Center, Phone: 877-379-3718, Email: GSKClinicalSupportHD@gsk.com

Summary

This multi-centre study will follow a randomised, double-blind, parallel-group, active-controlled design and will evaluate the efficacy, safety and tolerability of bupropion extended-release (XL) (300 mg/day) compared with escitalopram (10-20 mg/day) in outpatients and inpatients with major depressive disorder (MDD). The total duration of the study will be 11 weeks consisting of three phases. The screening phase (phase I) will be lasting for 0-14 days, subjects will be randomised to bupropion XL or escitalopram in a 1: 1 ratio for acute phase treatment phase (phase II) for 8 weeks. There are 3 dose levels during this acute treatment phase. The 3-dose level plan is designed to ensure each drug is titrated according to the prescribing information and to reach an optimal clinical dose. Finally patients will enter the taper phase (phase III) for up to 1 week to assess and reduce the possible withdrawal symptoms. In China almost all existing antidepressants are available on the market, but bupropion XL has not yet been approved. This Phase III clinical trial will be used for the purpose of registering bupropion XL in China.

Clinical Details

Official title: A Multi-centre, Randomised, Double-blind, Parallel Active-controlled Study Evaluating the Efficacy, Safety and Tolerability of Bupropion Hydrochloride Extended-release (Bupropion XL 300mg Once Daily), Escitalopram Oxalate (Escitalopram, 10mg-20mg Once Daily) in Subjects With Major Depressive Disorder

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Mean change in Hamilton Depression Rating Scale - 17 (HAMD-17) total score from baseline to end of acute treatment phase (Week 8)

Secondary outcome:

Response rate based on HAMD-17 total scores

Remission rate based on HAMD-17 total scores

Sustained response rate based on HAMD-17 total scores

Sustained remission rate based on HAMD-17 total scores

Change from baseline in Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) total score at weeks 1, 2, 4, 6, 8

Change from baseline in HAMD-17 Item 1 depressed mood item score at weeks 1, 2, 4, 6, 8

Change from baseline in HAMD-17 anxiety/somatization subscale score at Weeks 1, 2, 4, 6, 8

Change from baseline in HAMD-17 retardation subscale score (sum of scores of items 1, 7, 8 and 14) at Weeks 1, 2, 4, 6, 8

Change from baseline in HAMD-17 sleep disorder subscale at Weeks 1, 2, 4, 6, 8

Change from baseline in Clinical Global Impression-Severity of Illness Scale (CGI-S) score at Weeks 1, 2, 4, 6, 8.

Percentage of subjects with a CGI-I score of 1 ("very much improved") or 2 ("much improved") at Weeks 1, 2, 4, 6, 8

Number of subject with Adverse events

Change from baseline in vitals sign

Change from baseline in -lead electrocardiogram (ECG)

Change from baseline in clinical laboratory test

Change from baseline in changes in sexual functioning questionnaire (CSFQ)

Eligibility

Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Subjects must have the ability to effectively communicate with investigator, complete

study related documents, comprehend the key components of the consent form and must provide written informed consent to participate in the study prior to any study-specific assessments or procedures.

- An in- patient or out-patient (male or female) and aged >=18 years.

- A diagnosis of MDD, nonpsychotic, single episode or recurrent, Diagnostic and

Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-IV (DSM-IV) (296. 2/296. 3), utilizing the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI).

- Established MDD diagnosis with a duration of at least 4 weeks.

- HAMD-17 total score of >=20 and a CGI-S score of >=4 at both the Screening Visit and

the Baseline Visit.

- Subject must be in general good health and be considered clinically appropriate for

therapy with bupropion or escitalopram, based upon the investigator's overall clinical evaluation.

- Female patients of child-bearing potential only: patients must not be lactating and

must test negative for pregnancy at screening and agree to use a medically accepted method of birth control during the study.

- Liver function tests: alanine aminotransferase (ALT) <2x upper limit of normal (ULN);

alkaline phosphatase and bilirubin <=1. 5xULN (isolated bilirubin >1. 5 x ULN is acceptable if bilirubin is fractionated and direct bilirubin <35%).

- Corrected QT (QTc) criteria: QTc <450 milliseconds (msec) or QTc <480msec for

patients with bundle branch block. The QTc is the QT interval corrected for heart rate according to either Bazett's formula (QTcB), Fridericia's formula (QTcF), or machine or manual overread. For subject eligibility and withdrawal, QTcF will be used. For purpose of data analysis, QTcF will be used. The QTc should be based on single or averaged QTc values of triplicate electrocardiograms (ECGs) obtained over a brief recording period. Exclusion Criteria:

- Has been diagnosed or received treatment for a primary Axis I disorder with the

exception of MDD (including current or past diagnosis of anorexia nervosa or bulimia). Additionally, subjects diagnosed with dysthymic disorder within the past 2 years will be excluded.

- Current DSM-IV Axis II diagnosis that suggests non-compliance with the protocol.

- A subject who, in the assessment with the Columbia Suicide Severity Rating Scale

(C-SSRS) and investigator's judgment, poses suicidal risk, or had suicide attempt or behavior within 6 months prior to the Screening Visit.

- Current or past history of seizure disorder or brain injury (traumatic or disease

related); or any condition which, in the opinion of the investigator, predisposed to seizure; subjects treated with other medications or treatment regimes that lower seizure threshold. Note: single childhood febrile seizure is not exclusionary.

- In the Investigator's judgment, presence of clinically significant laboratory test

results (including ECG, hematology, chemistry and urine), or the conditions which render patients unsuitable for the study (such as serious cardiovascular disease, uncontrolled hypertension, liver or renal insufficiency) and pose a safety concern or interfere with the accurate safety and efficacy assessments. Subjects with co-morbidities (such as diabetes, hypertension, hypothyroid, chronic respiratory diseases or other physical illness) were eligible if their condition had been stable for at least three months and they had been receiving standard therapy for the condition for at least three months.

- Unstable liver disease (as defined by the presence of ascites, encephalopathy,

coagulopathy, hypoalbuminaemia, oesophageal or gastric varices or persistent jaundice), cirrhosis, known biliary abnormalities (with the exception of Gilbert's syndrome or asymptomatic gallstones)

- Frequent and/or severe allergic reactions with multiple medications, or history of a

medically significant adverse effect (including allergic reaction) from any medications or compounds in the study.

- Use of prohibited psychotropic drugs not allowed within seven days (14 days for

monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs), 30 days for fluoxetine) prior to the Baseline Visit.

- Subjects who have attended any studies investigating bupropion or escitalopram 6

months prior to this study, or use of bupropion or escitalopram in the last 4 weeks.

- Participation in other clinical studies unrelated to the current illness within 30

days or participation in other clinical studies related to the current illness within 3 months.

- Initiation of systematic psychotherapy within three months prior to the Screening

Visit, or plans to initiate systematic psychotherapy during the study.

- Received electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), modify electroconvulsive therapy (MECT),

transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), or other physical therapy within the 6 months prior to the Screening Visit.

- Previous failure of bupropion or escitalopram treatment with adequate courses and

doses.

- Previous or present failure of two different classes of antidepressants treatment

with adequate courses (e. g. maximum labelled doses for >=4 weeks).

- History of substance abuse (alcohol or drugs) or substance dependence within 12

months (as defined in the DSM-IV).

- Other conditions which, in the Investigator's judgment, render patients unsuitable

for the clinical study.

Locations and Contacts

US GSK Clinical Call Center, Phone: 877-379-3718, Email: GSKClinicalSupportHD@gsk.com

GSK Investigational Site, Beijing 100083, China; Recruiting
US GSK Clinical Trials Call Center, Phone: 877-379-3718, Email: GSKClinicalSupportHD@gsk.com
EU GSK Clinical Trials Call Center, Phone: +44 (0) 20 8990 4466, Email: GSKClinicalSupportHD@gsk.com

GSK Investigational Site, Beijing 100088, China; Recruiting
US GSK Clinical Trials Call Center, Phone: 877-379-3718, Email: GSKClinicalSupportHD@gsk.com
EU GSK Clinical Trials Call Center, Phone: +44 (0) 20 8990 4466, Email: GSKClinicalSupportHD@gsk.com

GSK Investigational Site, Beijing 100096, China; Recruiting
US GSK Clinical Trials Call Center, Phone: 877-379-3718, Email: GSKClinicalSupportHD@gsk.com
EU GSK Clinical Trials Call Center, Phone: +44 (0) 20 8990 4466, Email: GSKClinicalSupportHD@gsk.com

GSK Investigational Site, Guangzhou 510370, China; Recruiting
US GSK Clinical Trials Call Center, Phone: 877-379-3718, Email: GSKClinicalSupportHD@gsk.com
EU GSK Clinical Trials Call Center, Phone: +44 (0) 20 8990 4466, Email: GSKClinicalSupportHD@gsk.com

GSK Investigational Site, Shanghai 200065, China; Recruiting
US GSK Clinical Trials Call Center, Phone: 877-379-3718, Email: GSKClinicalSupportHD@gsk.com
EU GSK Clinical Trials Call Center, Phone: +44 (0) 20 8990 4466, Email: GSKClinicalSupportHD@gsk.com

GSK Investigational Site, Shanghai 200030, China; Recruiting
US GSK Clinical Trials Call Center, Phone: 877-379-3718, Email: GSKClinicalSupportHD@gsk.com
EU GSK Clinical Trials Call Center, Phone: +44 (0) 20 8990 4466, Email: GSKClinicalSupportHD@gsk.com

GSK Investigational Site, Wuhan, China; Recruiting
US GSK Clinical Trials Call Center, Phone: 877-379-3718, Email: GSKClinicalSupportHD@gsk.com
EU GSK Clinical Trials Call Center, Phone: +44 (0) 20 8990 4466, Email: GSKClinicalSupportHD@gsk.com

GSK Investigational Site, Xi'an 710061, China; Recruiting
US GSK Clinical Trials Call Center, Phone: 877-379-3718, Email: GSKClinicalSupportHD@gsk.com
EU GSK Clinical Trials Call Center, Phone: +44 (0) 20 8990 4466, Email: GSKClinicalSupportHD@gsk.com

GSK Investigational Site, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510180, China; Recruiting
US GSK Clinical Trials Call Center, Phone: 877-379-3718, Email: GSKClinicalSupportHD@gsk.com
EU GSK Clinical Trials Call Center, Phone: +44 (0) 20 8990 4466, Email: GSKClinicalSupportHD@gsk.com

GSK Investigational Site, Nanning, Guangxi 530021, China; Recruiting
US GSK Clinical Trials Call Center, Phone: 877-379-3718, Email: GSKClinicalSupportHD@gsk.com
EU GSK Clinical Trials Call Center, Phone: +44 (0) 20 8990 4466, Email: GSKClinicalSupportHD@gsk.com

GSK Investigational Site, Guiyang, Guizhou 550004, China; Recruiting
US GSK Clinical Trials Call Center, Phone: 877-379-3718, Email: GSKClinicalSupportHD@gsk.com
EU GSK Clinical Trials Call Center, Phone: +44 (0) 20 8990 4466, Email: GSKClinicalSupportHD@gsk.com

GSK Investigational Site, Baoding, Hebei 071000, China; Recruiting
US GSK Clinical Trials Call Center, Phone: 877-379-3718, Email: GSKClinicalSupportHD@gsk.com
EU GSK Clinical Trials Call Center, Phone: +44 (0) 20 8990 4466, Email: GSKClinicalSupportHD@gsk.com

GSK Investigational Site, Harbin, Heilongjiang 150070, China; Recruiting
US GSK Clinical Trials Call Center, Phone: 877-379-3718, Email: GSKClinicalSupportHD@gsk.com
EU GSK Clinical Trials Call Center, Phone: +44 (0) 20 8990 4466, Email: GSKClinicalSupportHD@gsk.com

GSK Investigational Site, Changsha, Henan 410011, China; Recruiting
US GSK Clinical Trials Call Center, Phone: 877-379-3718, Email: GSKClinicalSupportHD@gsk.com
EU GSK Clinical Trials Call Center, Phone: +44 (0) 20 8990 4466, Email: GSKClinicalSupportHD@gsk.com

GSK Investigational Site, Changsha, Hunan, China; Recruiting
US GSK Clinical Trials Call Center, Phone: 877-379-3718, Email: GSKClinicalSupportHD@gsk.com
EU GSK Clinical Trials Call Center, Phone: +44 (0) 20 8990 4466, Email: GSKClinicalSupportHD@gsk.com

GSK Investigational Site, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210029, China; Recruiting
US GSK Clinical Trials Call Center, Phone: 877-379-3718, Email: GSKClinicalSupportHD@gsk.com
EU GSK Clinical Trials Call Center, Phone: +44 (0) 20 8990 4466, Email: GSKClinicalSupportHD@gsk.com

GSK Investigational Site, Xian, Shaanxi 710032, China; Recruiting
US GSK Clinical Trials Call Center, Phone: 877-379-3718, Email: GSKClinicalSupportHD@gsk.com
EU GSK Clinical Trials Call Center, Phone: +44 (0) 20 8990 4466, Email: GSKClinicalSupportHD@gsk.com

GSK Investigational Site, Taiyuan, Shanxi, China; Recruiting
US GSK Clinical Trials Call Center, Phone: 877-379-3718, Email: GSKClinicalSupportHD@gsk.com
EU GSK Clinical Trials Call Center, Phone: +44 (0) 20 8990 4466, Email: GSKClinicalSupportHD@gsk.com

GSK Investigational Site, Kunming, Yunnan 650032, China; Recruiting
US GSK Clinical Trials Call Center, Phone: 877-379-3718, Email: GSKClinicalSupportHD@gsk.com
EU GSK Clinical Trials Call Center, Phone: +44 (0) 20 8990 4466, Email: GSKClinicalSupportHD@gsk.com

GSK Investigational Site, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310003, China; Recruiting
US GSK Clinical Trials Call Center, Phone: 877-379-3718, Email: GSKClinicalSupportHD@gsk.com
EU GSK Clinical Trials Call Center, Phone: +44 (0) 20 8990 4466, Email: GSKClinicalSupportHD@gsk.com

Additional Information

Starting date: February 2015
Last updated: July 2, 2015

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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