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Use of Individual Pharmacokinetically (PK)-Guided Sunitinib Dosing: A Feasibility Study in Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors

Information source: The Netherlands Cancer Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Malignant Solid Tumour

Intervention: Sunitinib (Drug)

Phase: Phase 1

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: The Netherlands Cancer Institute

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Neeltje Steeghs, Md, PhD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: The Netherlands Cancer Institute

Overall contact:
Neeltje Steeghs, MD, PhD, Phone: 0031205122532, Email: n.steeghs@nki.nl


The purpose of this prospective study is to determine the safety and feasibility of pharmacokinetically (PK) guided dosing of sunitinib in 30 patients. At day 15 1day, day 29 1day and after 8 weeks 1day of sunitinib treatment sunitinib and SU12662 trough levels will be measured. Depending on the sunitinib and SU12662 trough levels (and toxicity) dose adjustments will be made.

Clinical Details

Official title: Use of Individual PK-guided Sunitinib Dosing: A Feasibility Study in Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors

Study design: Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Number of Participants with Adverse Events as a Measure of Safety and Tolerability

Secondary outcome:

objective response rate

time to tumor progression

validating the associations between genetic markers

tumor biopsy and peripheral blood sample for DNA sequencing

Progression free survival

Detailed description: Sunitinib is an orally available inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGFR), platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), cytokine receptor (c-KIT), and receptor tyrosine kinase (FLT-3) activity. Sunitinib is proven effective as single agent in several solid tumor types and is approved for use in advanced renal cell cancer (RCC) and

imatinib-resistant or - intolerant gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs). However, in a

large percentage of patients (30 and 50%), dose reductions are required because of multiple grade 2 toxicities or due to grade 3 or 4 toxicities. Therefore, the currently used dosing schedule is not optimal. Recently, a dose-efficacy relation was established for sunitinib treatment. This large meta-analysis of pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic data from studies performed in mRCC patients, GIST patients and patients with solid tumors, clearly showed a relationship between sunitinib exposure and efficacy and tolerability. Both time to progression (TTP) and overall survival (OS) were significantly better for mRCC patients with high area under the curve (AUC) compared to low AUC. This was not only observed for sunitinib exposure but also for its active metabolite SU12662. In addition, there was a significant relationship between exposure and probability of partial response (PR) or complete response (CR) in mRCC patients (p=0. 00001), indicating that a dose intensity in patients should be as high as possible. Target plasma concentrations of sunitinib plus metabolite (N-desethyl sunitinib) are in the range of 50 to 100 ng/mL, as deduced from pharmacokinetic (PK) / pharmacodynamic (PD) preclinical data. Since the dose-efficacy relation for sunitinib treatment is solely established in a retrospective (meta-) analysis from patients treated in several studies, we propose to perform a prospective feasibility study in 30 patients with PK guided dosing of sunitinib. If PK guided once-daily continuous sunitinib dosing is feasible, a RCT in mRCC patients will be performed comparing PK guided dosing with a standard sunitinib dosing schedule.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria: 1. Histopathologically confirmed advanced tumors for which sunitinib is considered standard or patients with advanced or metastatic tumors for whom no standard therapy is available; 2. Age more then 18 years; 3. Able and willing to give written informed consent; 4. Able and willing to undergo blood sampling for pharmacogenetic and pharmacokinetic analysis; 5. Able and willing to undergo a tumor biopsy for DNA sequencing; 6. Able to swallow oral medications 7. Life expectancy more then 3 months, allowing adequate follow up of toxicity evaluation and antitumor activity; 8. WHO performance status of 0 or 1; 9. Evaluable disease according to RECIST 1. 1 criteria; 10. Minimal acceptable safety laboratory values

- ANC of => 1. 5 x 109 /L

- Platelet count of => 100 x 109 /L

- Hepatic function as defined by serum bilirubin => 1. 5 x ULN, ASAT and ALAT

- 2. 5 x ULN

- Renal function as defined by serum creatinine => 1. 5 x ULN or creatinine

clearance => 50 mL/min (by Cockcroft-Gault formula); 11. No radio- or chemotherapy or other investigational drug treatment within the last 4 weeks prior to study entry, with the exception of palliative radiotherapy (8 Gy or on the extremities). Exclusion Criteria: 1. Current treatment in another therapeutic clinical trial 2. Congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction or coronary artery bypass graft in the previous six months, ongoing severe or unstable angina or any unstable arrhythmia requiring medication 3. Patients with known alcoholism, drug addiction and/or psychotic disorders in the history that are not suitable for adequate follow up 4. Women who are pregnant or breast feeding. 5. Both men and women enrolled in this trial must agree to use a reliable contraceptive method throughout the study (definition of adequate contraceptive methods will be based on the judgment of the principal investigator or a designated associate). 6. Legal incapacity 7. Known allergy/intolerance to sunitinib or any of the excipients

Locations and Contacts

Neeltje Steeghs, MD, PhD, Phone: 0031205122532, Email: n.steeghs@nki.nl

The Netherlands Cancer Institute - Antoni van Leeuwenhoek Hospital, Amsterdam 1066CX, Netherlands; Recruiting
Neeltje Steeghs
Neeltje Steeghs, MD, PhD, Principal Investigator
Additional Information

Starting date: March 2011
Last updated: October 7, 2011

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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