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Hutterite Influenza Prevention Study

Information source: McMaster University
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 20, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Influenza

Intervention: Influenza vaccination (Biological); Hepatitis A Vaccine (Biological)

Phase: Phase 4

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: McMaster University

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Mark B Loeb, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: McMaster University


The goal of this randomized clinical trial is to determine whether immunizing children in Hutterite colonies with inactivated influenza vaccine can prevent influenza and its complications in other colony members. Furthermore, the study will assess the indirect benefit to Hutterites at high risk of complications. The study is a blinded, cluster randomized controlled trial among Hutterite colonies to test the hypothesis that high immunization rates (>70%) of healthy children with inactivated influenza vaccine reduces transmission of influenza to other colony members. Randomization of these homogeneous, moderately sized colonies where there is regular spread facilitated by a communal lifestyle, but limited re-introduction because of relative isolation from outside community, represents a unique opportunity to test the hypothesis of indirect benefit under close to ideal conditions. The primary outcome will be laboratory-confirmed influenza. Secondary outcomes include influenza-like illness, otitis media, physician visits, antimicrobial prescriptions, absenteeism, lower respiratory tract infection, hospitalizations, and death.

Clinical Details

Official title: Does Vaccinating Health Hutterite Children Against Influenza Prevent Influenza in Other Hutterite Colony Members: A Randomized Cluster Trial

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Prevention

Primary outcome: laboratory-confirmed influenza infection

Secondary outcome:

Influenza like illness

Physician diagnosed otitis media

School or work related absenteeism

Physician visits for respiratory illness

Lower respiratory infection or pneumonia

Hospitalizations for LRTI or pneumonia

All cause hospitalizations

Deaths due to LRTI or pneumonia

All-cause deaths

Detailed description: Colonies will be enrolled in September 2008. Healthy Hutterite Children will be vaccinated in October, in each year of the study (2008, 2009, & 2010) Influenza Surveillance phase will begin around December-January of each year.

- All study outcomes will be collected during the Surveillance phase of the study from

Dec to June for 3 years.

- Outcomes will be collected when research nurses visit the colonies. A research nurse

will visit enrolled colonies twice a week during the surveillance phase and review study diaries and obtain swabs from participants with symptoms of influenza.


Minimum age: N/A. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.


Group A: Inclusion Criteria:

- Hutterites other than the healthy children who will be immunized. Although this

category as a whole will be used to assess indirect benefit of the vaccine in the main analysis, Hutterites at high risk for influenza complications within this category will be assessed in a separate analysis. These are defined as anyone in one or more of the following groups:

- individuals aged ≥ 65 years

- children 23 months of age or less

- anyone with ≥ 1 of the following conditions severe enough to require regular medical

follow-up or hospital care:

- chronic cardiac or pulmonary disorders (including bronchopulmonary dysplasia,

cystic fibrosis, and asthma)

- diabetes mellitus and other metabolic diseases

- cancer

- immunodeficiency

- immunosuppression (due to underlying disease and/or therapy)

- renal disease

- anemia

- hemoglobinopathy

- any condition that can compromise respiratory function or the handling of

respiratory secretions or that can increase the risk of aspiration. Exclusion Criteria:

- There are no exclusion criteria for this category of participants.

Group B: Inclusion Criteria:

- Healthy children aged 36 months to 15 years who will be immunized as part of the

intervention. Exclusion Criteria:

- Anaphylactic reaction to a previous dose of influenza vaccine

- Anaphylactic reaction to hepatitis A vaccine

- Anaphylactic reaction to neomycin

- Known IgE-mediated hypersensitivity to eggs manifested as hives

- Swelling of the mouth and throat, difficulty in breathing, hypotension, or shock

- Guillain-Barré syndrome within eight weeks of a previous influenza vaccine.

Locations and Contacts

Additional Information

Starting date: September 2008
Last updated: September 27, 2011

Page last updated: August 20, 2015

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