Imatinib Mesylate and Gemcitabine in Treating Patients With Locally Advanced, Metastatic, or Recurrent Pancreatic Cancer
Information source: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on May 09, 2007
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.
Condition(s) targeted: Pancreatic Cancer
Intervention: gemcitabine hydrochloride (Drug); imatinib mesylate (Drug); chemotherapy (Procedure); enzyme inhibitor therapy (Procedure); protein tyrosine kinase inhibitor therapy (Procedure)
Phase: Phase 1/Phase 2
Sponsored by: Robert H. Lurie Cancer Center
Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Mary Mulcahy, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Robert H. Lurie Cancer Center
RATIONALE: Imatinib mesylate may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as gemcitabine, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving imatinib mesylate together with gemcitabine may kill more tumor cells.
PURPOSE: This phase I/II trial is studying the side effects and best dose of giving imatinib mesylate together with gemcitabine and to see how well they work in treating patients with locally advanced, metastatic, or recurrent pancreatic cancer.
Phase I/II Study of Gleevec (Imatinib Mesylate, Formerly Known as STI571) and Gemcitabine for Advanced Pancreas Cancer
Study design: Interventional, Treatment, Open Label
Maximum tolerated dose
Clinical response rate
Overall survival at 6 months
Correlation of response with expression of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) and PDGF receptor in tumor tissue
* Determine the maximum tolerated dose of imatinib mesylate and gemcitabine hydrochloride in patients with locally advanced, metastatic, or recurrent pancreatic cancer.
* Determine the clinical response rate in patients treated with this regimen.
* Determine the 6-month and overall survival of patients treated with this regimen.
* Determine the toxicity profile of this regimen in these patients.
* Correlate response with expression of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) and PDGF receptor in tumor tissue from patients treated with this regimen.
OUTLINE: This is a phase I, dose-escalation study followed by a phase II study.
* Phase I: Patients receive oral imatinib mesylate once daily on days 1-14 and gemcitabine hydrochloride IV over 30 minutes on days 1 and 8*. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Cohorts of 3-5 patients receive escalating doses of imatinib mesylate and gemcitabine hydrochloride until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 5 or 3 of 5 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity.
NOTE: *The first cohort receives gemcitabine hydrochloride on days 1, 8, and 15
* Phase II: Patients receive imatinib mesylate and gemcitabine hydrochloride at the MTD determined in phase I in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed periodically.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 43 patients will be accrued for this study.
Minimum age: 18 Years.
* Histologically confirmed pancreatic cancer
- Locally advanced, metastatic, or recurrent disease
* Measurable or evaluable disease by physical exam, plain radiographs, CT scan, or MRI
* No brain metastases
* ECOG performance status 0-2
* Life expectancy of 12 weeks or greater
* Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1,500/mm^3
* Platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm^3
* Bilirubin ≤ 1. 5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
* AST ≤ 2. 5 times ULN (5 times ULN if liver metastases are present)
* No chronic liver disease (i. e., chronic active hepatitis or cirrhosis)
* Creatinine ≤ 2. 0 mg/dL
* No chronic renal disease
* Not pregnant or nursing
* Negative pregnancy test
* Fertile patients must use effective barrier-method contraception during and for ≥ 3 months after completion of study treatment
* No other malignancy within the past 5 years except basal cell skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix
* No uncontrolled diabetes
* No active uncontrolled infection
* No other severe and/or uncontrolled medical disease
* HIV negative
PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:
* No prior therapy for metastatic disease
- Prior fluorouracil as a radiosensitizer for adjuvant therapy after surgery or for locally advanced disease is permitted if local disease has recurred or progressed ≥ 3 months after completion of therapy or disease is present outside the radiation field
* At least 2 weeks since prior major surgery
* No concurrent grapefruit or grapefruit juice
Locations and Contacts
Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center at Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois 60611, United States
Clinical trial summary from the National Cancer Institute's PDQ® database
Last updated: May 2, 2007