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Rosiglitazone and Metformin: Outcomes Trial in Nondiabetic Patients With Stable Coronary Syndromes (Romance) Pilot Study

Information source: Intermountain Health Care, Inc.
Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on October 04, 2010
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Coronary Artery Disease

Intervention: AVANDAMET (Drug)

Phase: Phase 4

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: Intermountain Health Care, Inc.

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Joseph B Muhlestein, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Intermountain Healthcare, LDS Hospital

Overall contact:
Joseph B Muhlestein, MD, Phone: 801-408-5300, Email: brent.muhlestein@intermountainmail.org

Summary

Nearly half of all Americans will die from cardiovascular disease caused by the build up of atherosclerotic plaque within coronary arteries. Most deaths in these patients arise from the development of acute coronary syndromes (ACS) such as myocardial infarction, unstable angina, or sudden death. ACS is characterized by coronary plaque erosion or rupture, which is triggered by endothelial changes, including inflammation, and thrombosis. Diabetes, with insulin resistance as a major component, has been shown to engender adverse metabolic events within the endothelial cell [1], including impaired endothelial function, augmented vasoconstriction, increased inflammation and thrombosis. Activation of the transcription factors nuclear factor KB (NF-KB) and activator protein 1 (AP-1) induces inflammatory gene expression, with liberation of leukocyte-attracting chemokines, increased production of inflammatory cytokines, and augmented expression of cellular adhesion molecules. These metabolic processes may therefore play a significant role in the development of ACS. The hypothesis is that rosiglitazone and metformin, or the combination of both may provide positive anti-atherogenic effect, even among patients without diabetes. This pilot study proposes to evaluate the effect of placebo vs. combined rosiglitazone/metformin (Avandamet®) on surrogate blood markers of atherosclerosis activity among non-diabetic and pre-diabetic patients with known stable coronary syndromes. This will provide further evidence justifying a large definitive outcomes-based clinical trial.

Clinical Details

Official title: A Single-Center, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial of Combined Rosiglitazone/Metformin (Avandamet®) vs. Placebo on Serological Outcomes in Non-Diabetic Patients With Stable Coronary Syndromes

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome:

To demonstrate the effect (change from baseline) of each study intervention on hs-C-reactive protein.

To demonstrate the safety of the interventions on clinical outcomes (death, MI, cardiovascular hospitalizations) and serious drug-related adverse events.

Secondary outcome:

To demonstrate the effect (change from baseline) of each study intervention on lipid levels

To demonstrate the effect (change from baseline) of each study intervention on inflammatory marker levels other than hs-CRP

To demonstrate the effect (change from baseline) of each study intervention on HgbA1C

To demonstrate the effect (change from baseline) of each study intervention on fasting blood glucose

Safety: Differences in adverse events between the two arms

Detailed description: This is a single-center, randomized, double-blind trial comparing combined rosiglitazone/metformin (Avandametä) to placebo in subjects with normal or intermediate fasting glucose (IFG) and stable coronary artery disease. Subjects meeting entry criteria will be randomized in a 1: 1 ratio to receive either placebo or combined rosiglitazone/metformin (Avandametä) 4/1000 mg. Laboratory specimens including high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), glucose, HgbA1C, complete lipid profile, will be obtained after a 10 hour fast as specified by study visits. Subjects will return for repeat study visits at 2, 4, 6 and 8 months for repeat laboratory evaluations, including safety labs consisting of serum creatinine, liver enzymes, and a CBC. Additionally, subjects will have IL-6 and TNF-a measured for research purposes at baseline and subsequent follow-up visits. All subjects will be followed for a minimum of 8 months. This pilot study proposes to evaluate the effect of placebo, or combined rosiglitazone/metformin onsurrogate blood markers of atherosclerosis activity among non-diabetic and pre-diabetic patients with known stable coronary syndromes.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- The patient (male or non-pregnant female) must be > 18 years of age.

- The patient or legally authorized representative must sign a written informed

consent, prior to the procedure, using a form that is approved by the local Institutional Review Board.

- Angiographically documented coronary artery disease defined as the presence of at

least one 50% or greater stenosis of a major coronary artery.

- Stabilized post any prior ACS event (i. e., without ongoing ischemic rest pain,

congestive heart failure, or malignant arrhythmias) for at least 3 months

- Fasting blood glucose 87-125 mg/dL

Exclusion Criteria:

- Age <18 years

- Known hypersensitivity to metformin or rosiglitazone

- Renal insufficiency defined as calculated creatinine clearance (CrCl) <40 mL/min

using the following formula:

Men: CrCL (mL/min) = Weight (kg) x (140-age) 72 x serum creatinine (mg/dL) Women: 0. 85 x the value calculated for men

- Pregnant and/or lactating women, and women of child bearing potential are excluded

from this trial

- Co-morbidity such that the patient is not expected to survive >2 years

- Current therapy with rosiglitazone or metformin

- PCI within the previous six months (other than for the qualifying event)

- Prior CABG within the previous two months, scheduled CABG, or a decision to perform

CABG made prior to enrollment

- Overt diabetes mellitus (FBG>126 or antidiabetic therapy)

- Any diagnosis of congestive heart failure

- Obstructive hepatobiliary disease or other significant hepatic disease (defined as

the presence of at least one of the following: AST, ALT, GGT, total bilirubin, or alkaline phosphatase >3x upper limit normal, not related to MI

- Participation in any other clinical trials involving investigational or marketed

products within 30 days prior to entry in the study.

Locations and Contacts

Joseph B Muhlestein, MD, Phone: 801-408-5300, Email: brent.muhlestein@intermountainmail.org

Intermountain Medical Center, Murray, Utah 84157, United States; Recruiting
Joseph B Muhlestein, MD, Phone: 801-507-7000, Email: brent.muhlestein@intermountainmail.org
Joseph B Muhlestein, MD, Principal Investigator
Jeffrey L Anderson, MD, Sub-Investigator
Additional Information

Starting date: June 2006
Last updated: June 25, 2009

Page last updated: October 04, 2010

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