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Nerve Blocks With Dexamethasone and Local Anaesthetic to Improve Postoperative Analgesia

Information source: Centro Hospitalar do Porto
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Nerve Block

Intervention: Local Anesthetic ropivacaĆ­ne (Drug); Perineural Dexamethasone (Drug)

Phase: N/A

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: Centro Hospitalar do Porto

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Raul carvalho, MD, Study Director, Affiliation: Centro Hospitalar do Porto

Overall contact:
Marta M Carvalho, MD, Phone: 00351 912948973, Email: marta.monteiro.carvalho@gmail.com

Summary

Can the association of dexamethasone to the local anaesthetic in a single-shot femoral and sciatic nerve block improve analgesia postoperatively in patients submitted to total knee arthroplasty? Primary aim: Evaluate the efficacy of the association of dexamethasone to the local anaesthetic in a SSFNB and SSSNB in reducing pain scores, assessed by VAS. Outcome measures: Mean pain scores in both groups. Secondary aims: Evaluate opioid consumption in the postoperative period (8- 12h, 24h, 48h) and assess incidence of side effects and complications (numbness, paraesthesias, weakness, site infection, haematoma and falls).

Clinical Details

Official title: Can the Association of Dexamethasone and Local Anaesthetic in a Single-shot Femoral and Sciatic Nerve Block Improve Analgesia Postoperatively in Patients Submitted to Total Knee Arthroplasty

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Subject), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Quantification of Pain by VAS

Secondary outcome:

Morphine consumption in mg

Side-effects (numbness, paraesthesias, weakness, site infection, haematoma and falls)

Complications from technique (Motor ou sensitive changes, infection, nausea)

Detailed description: All blocks are performed using nerve stimulation technique. For the SSFNB, the paravascular approach will be used to identify the femoral nerve. 15 A positive location is considered when quadriceps contraction (patellar elevation) is elicited with a current of 0. 4 mA or less, and 30mL of ropivacaine 0. 375%, with or without 4mg of dexamethasone are injected, according to the randomization. For the SSSNB the anterior approach will be chosen. 16 The common peroneal or the tibial nerves are identified, respectively by dorsiflexion or plantar flexion of the foot, with a current of 0. 4 mA or less. Depending on the allocated group, 20mL of ropivacaine 0. 2%, with or without 4mg of dexamethasone are then injected. Blocks success should be assessed by the absence of thermal sensitivity on the anterior region of the thigh and the dorsum of the foot 10 minutes after the block. The participating anaesthesiologists may use the ultrasound for visual guidance but should also use the nerve stimulator in order to maintain the homogeneity of the procedure. Patients will then have an intravenous induction to general anesthesia, being the maintenance assured with either Desflurane or Sevoflurane. Thirty minutes before the end of the procedure all patients are given paracetamol 1000mg and ketorolac 30mg. Total doses of intraoperative analgesics are recorded. Before surgery all patients will be explained how to use the PCA, which is connected after arrival to the post-anesthesia unit (PACU). The PCA is programmed for 1mg bolus as required by the patient, with a lockout period of 7 minutes. In what concerns the remaining post-operative analgesia, both groups are prescribed paracetamol 1000mg q8h, diclofenac 50mg q12h, and as rescue strategy, tramadol 100mg q6h. The demographic data as well as the information of the anesthetic form is recorded in an excel table. After surgery, at 8-12h, 24h and 48h (+/-2h) pain is evaluated using a standard 100mm VAS. Consumption of morphine and other rescue analgesia is recorded in the same time periods, as well as the complications and side-effects previously determined.

The primary outcome is pain assessed by VAS (1-100mm - continuous variable), measured ate

8-12h, 24h and 48h. Difference in mean values for both groups will be measured. Morphine consumption is measured in milligrams, and the mean consumption of both groups is analysed. Side-effects and complications will be reported and their incidence calculated.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Adult patients admitted foi unilaterla total knee arthroplasty

Exclusion Criteria:

- Refusal/Incapacity to give informed consent

- Contra-indication to general anesthesia

- Infection at needle insertion site

- Coagulation disorders

- Pre-existing neurologic disorders

- Known allergy to any of the drugs from the protocol

- ASA status >3

- Weight<50kg

- BMI>40

- Inability to understand or use VAS pain score

Locations and Contacts

Marta M Carvalho, MD, Phone: 00351 912948973, Email: marta.monteiro.carvalho@gmail.com

Centro Hospitalar do Porto, Porto 4099-001, Portugal; Recruiting
Marta M Carvalho, MD, Phone: 00351912948973, Email: marta.monteiro.carvalho@gmail.com
Silvia AB Pinho, MD, Phone: 00351914619787, Email: silviaabpinho@gmail.com
Additional Information

Starting date: April 2015
Last updated: May 4, 2015

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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