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The Effect of Deliberate Hypotension on QTc, Tp-e Intervals and Heart Rate Variability

Information source: Yonsei University
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Mandibular Prognathism,; Mandibular Retrognathism

Intervention: Group R (Drug); Group N (Drug); Group D (Drug)

Phase: Phase 4

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: Yonsei University


Deliberate hypotension is defined as lowering the systolic blood pressure to 80-90mmHg, or the mean blood pressure to 50-65mmHg. This technique is usually employed for operations that have a high risk of intraoperative hemorrhage, such as orthognathic surgery. Several different regimens are used to lower the patient's blood pressure, such as vasodilators, autonomic nervous system inhibitors, opioids and inhalation anesthetics. However, the effects that these agents have on the QTc and Tp-e intervals during deliberate hypotension is not known. Virtually every kind of anesthetic is reported to have some effect on the QTc and Tp-e intervals. Because orthognathic surgery usually takes 3-4 hours to complete, the amount of anesthetics and drugs used to maintain low blood pressure is not small. Therefore, the effect that these agents may have on the QTc and Tp-e intervals may not be negligible. The investigators of the present study found that the high dose of commonly used hypotensive agents tend to prolong these variabilities to some extent. This study will be able to provide insight as to which hypotensive anesthesia regimen has the least effect on the QTc and Tp-e intervals, and therefore will be helpful in minimizing cardiovascular risks of deliberate hypotensive anesthesia.

Clinical Details

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Prevention

Primary outcome: Changes in QTc, Tp-e interval during deliberate hypotension

Secondary outcome: Changes in Tp-e interval during deliberate hypotension


Minimum age: 20 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria: 1. ASA class 1 2. Adults over the age of 20 3. Patients requiring deliberate hypotensive anesthesia for orthognathic surgery Exclusion Criteria: 1. Patient refusal 2. Patients with arrhythmia 3. Patients with cardiac anomalies or past history of cardiac surgery 4. Patients with abnormal electrolyte levels 5. Patients taking medications that are known to prolong QT intervals 6. Patients with QTc intervals greater than 440ms 7. Illiterate patients

Locations and Contacts

Young Jun Oh, Seoul 120-752, Korea, Republic of
Additional Information

Starting date: June 2012
Last updated: February 13, 2013

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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