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Baclofen for Smoking Cessation in a Non-Psychiatric Population

Information source: Centre for Addiction and Mental Health
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 20, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Nicotine Dependence

Intervention: Baclofen 30 mg/day (Drug); placebo pill (Drug); Baclofen 60 mg/day (Drug)

Phase: Phase 2

Status: Terminated

Sponsored by: Centre for Addiction and Mental Health

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Bernard Le Foll, MD, PhD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Centre for Addiction and Mental Health


The primary hypothesis for this study is that, in nicotine-dependent tobacco smokers, baclofen will be superior to placebo for smoking abstinence measures. The secondary hypothesis is that subjects assigned to the baclofen groups will exhibit higher rates of medication compliance (i. e. take the medication as directed for the trial period) than those in the placebo group. The tertiary hypothesis is that baclofen will lead to significant reductions in tobacco withdrawal and craving ratings as compared to placebo.

Clinical Details

Official title: Testing the GABAergic Hypothesis of Nicotine Dependence: a Randomized Clinical Trial of Baclofen

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome:

Smoking abstinence for 7 days at end of treatment

Abstinent rate: last four weeks of trial

abstinence rate: for past 7 days at 6 month followup

Secondary outcome:

Tiffany Questionnaire of Smoking Urges

Minnesota Nicotine Withdrawal Scale

Detailed description: This study will test a new medication strategy designed to help smokers quit. It will evaluate Baclofen, a drug currently approved and available in Canada as a myorelaxant. Forty five nicotine-dependent smokers will enroll in this study. Fifteen will receive placebo (inactive pill), fifteen will receive baclofen 30 mg/day, and fifteen will receive baclofen 60 mg/day. Once enrolled, subjects will visit CAMH on a weekly basis for assessment of smoking behaviour, a brief health check (vitals, BP and AE screening), delivery of brief individual smoking cessation counselling, and collection of breath, blood and urine samples (as scheduled) to a) measure levels of nicotine and its metabolites, b) conduct pregnancy and tox testing. The medication phase of this study lasts 12 weeks. Two follow-up visits will be scheduled at week 13 and at six months after trial completion.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 75 Years. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Male or female adults (18 years or older).

- Meet DSM-IV criteria for nicotine dependence,

- Smoke ≥10 cigarettes/day,

- Baseline FTND score ≥4, CO level ≥10,

- have had at least one failed quit attempt in the past and are motivated to quit

within 30 days of initial intake.

- No previous use of medication for smoking cessation in 1 month prior to


- BMI between 15 and 40 inclusive.

Exclusion Criteria:

- Meet DSM-IV criteria for a current diagnosis of major depressive disorder, panic

disorder or post-traumatic stress disorder, or a current or past history of bipolar disorder or schizophrenia

- Have a past history of major depression, with historical evidence of suicidal or

homicidal behaviour, or psychotic symptom,

- Have abused alcohol or other drugs of abuse (cocaine, opiates, benzodiazepines, etc)

in 3 months prior to randomization

- Demonstrate serious medical conditions, unstable cardiovascular disease, significant

blood abnormalities)

- Are pregnant, are trying to become pregnant or are currently breastfeeding

- Baclofen hypersensitivity .

Locations and Contacts

Centre for Addiction and Mental Health- 33 Russell St, Toronto, Ontario M5S2S1, Canada
Additional Information

Information about research at the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Canada's largest mental health and addiction teaching hospital, fully affiliated with the University of Toronto, and a PAHO/WHO Collaborating Centre

Starting date: October 2010
Last updated: September 11, 2013

Page last updated: August 20, 2015

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