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Lumbar Stenosis Outcomes Research II

Information source: University of Rochester
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Neurogenic Intermittent Claudication

Intervention: Placebo (Drug); Propoxyphene/acetaminophen (Drug); oxymorphone hydrochloride (Drug)

Phase: Phase 4

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: University of Rochester

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
John D Markman, M.D., Principal Investigator, Affiliation: University of Rochester


The primary objective of the proposed pilot study is to determine the efficacy of oxymorphone hydrochloride and propoxyphene/acetaminophen combination in prolonging the time to onset of pain and reducing the severity of pain associated with walking in patients with neurogenic intermittent claudication. The secondary objective is to examine the functional benefit of oxymorphone hydrochloride and propoxyphene/acetaminophen combination with respect to improvement in duration and distance of walking tolerance. The proposed study will also provide the foundation for a treadmill-based methodology for assessing the analgesic efficacy of drugs for low back pain provoked by standing and walking associated with lumbar spinal stenosis.

Clinical Details

Official title: Lumbar Stenosis Outcomes Research II: Opana IR Versus Placebo and Active Control for the Treatment of Walking Impairment in Lumbar Spinal Stenosis: A Double-Blind Randomized, Cross-Over Trial

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Time to first symptoms (Tfirst) on the treadmill walking test.

Secondary outcome:

Area under the curve of present pain intensity with ambulation at each cued time point

Walking tolerance as measured by time and distance walked on the treadmill walking test

BPI Interference Measure

Time to return to baseline pain level after the treadmill ambulation assessment (Trecovery)

Adverse events (decrease in respiratory rate, sedation, constipation, low blood, nausea and vomiting, or itching graded on a 0-3 scale (0:none, 1:mild, 2:moderate, 3:severe.)

Patient Global Impression of Change

Oswestry Disability Index score, Swiss Spinal Stenosis score, Patient Global Impression of Change, and Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire.


Minimum age: 50 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Patients must present with clinical symptoms of neurogenic claudication (exercise

induced leg pain, numbness, heaviness, or vague discomfort in part or all of one or both legs provoked with walking and standing and relieved by sitting, squatting, or forward flexion posturing) and endorse limitation of walking tolerance due to these symptoms

- Leg/low back pain ratio must be greater than 50: 50

- Numeric Rating Scale (NRS) for pain ≥ 6 in response to the following question:

"Circle one number (from 0=no pain to 10=worst pain) - How would you rate the worst

leg and lower back pain you experienced during walking last week?"

- Patients must have confirmatory imaging by MRI or CT scan demonstrating at least one

level of lumbar spinal stenosis within 1 year

- Duration of symptoms > 3 months

- Age > 50 years; male or female

Exclusion Criteria:

- Past or present existence of a movement disorder, e. g., Parkinsonism, or an

neurologic disease that might affect the ability to ambulate (e. g., signs/symptoms of cauda equina compression)

- Cognitive impairment preventing full understanding or participation in the study

- Peripheral vascular disease

- Moderate to severe arthritis of the knee or hip that might severely compromise


- Past or present lower extremity peripheral vascular disease

- Serious concomitant medical illness (e. g., heart disease) that might impair

ambulation assessment

- Previous lumbar surgery for spinal stenosis (laminectomy with or without fusion)

within the past 2 years or epidural steroid injection in the preceding 4 months.

- Severe psychiatric disorder

- Mean time to severe symptoms > 15 minutes.

- Epidural steroid treatment within the last three months

- History of drug or alcohol dependence

- Serious intercurrent illness

- Hypersensitivity to oxymorphone hydrochloride

- Hypersensitivity to propoxyphene or acetaminophen

- Severe bronchial asthma or hypercarbia, morphine analogs such as codeine, or any of

the other ingredients of Opana

- Suspicion of paralytic ileus

- Moderate or severe hepatic impairment

- Major conduction abnormality on ECG or cardiac (Bruce protocol) stress test within

the past year.

- Ongoing treatment with a long-acting opioid or regularly-scheduled use of a short

acting opioid (>3 doses/day on four or more days/week).

Locations and Contacts

2180 S. Clinton Ave, Rochester, New York 14618, United States
Additional Information

Related publications:

Simon LS, Evans C, Katz N, Bombardier C, West C, Robbins J, Copley-Merriman C, Markman J, Coombs JH. Preliminary development of a responder index for chronic low back pain. J Rheumatol. 2007 Jun;34(6):1386-91.

Markman JD, Dworkin RH. Ion channel targets and treatment efficacy in neuropathic pain. J Pain. 2006 Jan;7(1 Suppl 1):S38-47. Review.

Deen HG Jr, Zimmerman RS, Lyons MK, McPhee MC, Verheijde JL, Lemens SM. Test-retest reproducibility of the exercise treadmill examination in lumbar spinal stenosis. Mayo Clin Proc. 2000 Oct;75(10):1002-7.

Deen HG, Zimmerman RS, Lyons MK, McPhee MC, Verheijde JL, Lemens SM. Use of the exercise treadmill to measure baseline functional status and surgical outcome in patients with severe lumbar spinal stenosis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1998 Jan 15;23(2):244-8.

Stucki G, Daltroy L, Liang MH, Lipson SJ, Fossel AH, Katz JN. Measurement properties of a self-administered outcome measure in lumbar spinal stenosis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1996 Apr 1;21(7):796-803.

Starting date: March 2008
Last updated: January 5, 2011

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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