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Calcitriol, Cisplatin, and Gemcitabine Hydrochloride in Treating Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors That Cannot Be Removed by Surgery

Information source: Roswell Park Cancer Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Adult Solid Neoplasm

Intervention: Calcitriol (Dietary Supplement); Cisplatin (Drug); Gemcitabine Hydrochloride (Drug); Pharmacological Study (Other)

Phase: Phase 1

Status: Active, not recruiting

Sponsored by: Roswell Park Cancer Institute

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Grace Dy, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Roswell Park Cancer Institute


This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of calcitriol when given with cisplatin and gemcitabine hydrochloride in treating patients with advanced solid tumors that cannot be removed by surgery. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cisplatin and gemcitabine hydrochloride, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Calcitriol may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking blood flow to the tumor. Calcitriol may also help cisplatin and gemcitabine hydrochloride kill more tumor cells by making them more sensitive to the drug.

Clinical Details

Official title: A Phase I Clinical Trial of Oral Calcitriol With Fixed Dose of Cisplatin and Gemcitabine in Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors

Study design: Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: MTD of oral calcitriol when combined with a standard dose of gemcitabine hydrochloride and cisplatin, determined according to incidence of dose-limiting toxicity, graded using the National Cancer Institute (NCI) CTCAE version 4.0

Secondary outcome:

Toxicity of this combination, graded according to NCI CTCAE version 4.0

Pharmacokinetic (PK) analyses of calcitriol at the MTD in an expanded cohort of 6 patients, including peak levels, area under the concentration-time curve from time 0-72 hours, terminal half-life, volume of distribution, and total body clearance

Objective tumor response, described using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors 1.1

Detailed description: PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. To determine the maximum tolerated dose of oral calcitriol when combined with a standard dose of gemcitabine (gemcitabine hydrochloride) and cisplatin in a 28-day cycle. SECONDARY OBJECTIVES: I. Describe the toxicity of this combination using Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 4. 0. II. Study the pharmacokinetics of calcitriol at the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) in an expanded cohort of 6 patients. III. Describe the clinical activity associated with this regimen in this advanced solid tumor population. OUTLINE: Patients receive calcitriol orally (PO) on days 1, 2, 8, 9, 15 and 16; cisplatin intravenously (IV) over 2 hours on day 2; and gemcitabine hydrochloride IV over 30 minutes on days 2, 9, and 16. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 30 days.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Patients with a diagnosis of advanced unresectable non-hematological malignancy that

has no known standard of care or for which the use of gemcitabine plus cisplatin constitutes a reasonable option

- Have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status of 0-1

- White blood cell (WBC) >= 3. 0 x 10^9/L

- Neutrophils >= 1. 5 x 10^9/L

- Platelets >= 100 x 10^9/L

- Hemoglobin (Hgb) >= 10 g/dL

- Bilirubin =< institutional upper limit of normal (ULN)

- Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) < 2. 5 x

institutional ULN unless metastatic to liver in which case AST and ALT should be < 5 x institutional ULN

- Creatinine =< 1. 5 x institutional ULN

- Corrected calcium =< institutional ULN (corrected calcium = (4- Albumin) x 0. 8 +


- Patients of child-bearing potential must agree to use acceptable contraceptive

methods (e. g., double barrier) during treatment

- Patient or legal representative must understand the investigational nature of this

study and sign an Independent Ethics Committee/Institutional Review Board approved written informed consent form prior to receiving any study related procedure

- No treatment with investigational agents within 4 weeks prior to study drug

administration, except patients receiving targeted therapies such as kinase inhibitors with half-lives < 48 hours may be treated if > 14 days have elapsed after the last dose and related toxicities have recovered to =< grade 1

- No chemotherapy within 4 weeks prior to study treatment administration; nitrosoureas

and mitomycin C are not allowed within 6 weeks prior to initiation of study treatment

- Palliative radiation, including whole brain radiation therapy (WBRT), is allowed

prior to enrollment as long as it is completed > 2 weeks from initiation of study treatment, and provided patient has recovered from treatment toxicities to =< grade 1

- Patients should be able to take oral medications

Exclusion Criteria:

- Known hypersensitivity to any of the study drugs involved

- Brain metastases are excluded unless treated and shown to be controlled more than 1

month from after craniotomy or more than 2 weeks after gamma knife radiosurgery and not associated with central nervous system (CNS) symptoms

- History of clinically significant hypercalcemia

- Evidence of nephrectomy

- History of (within 24 months prior to enrollment) of kidney, ureter, or bladder

stones with clinically significant sequelae (e. g. (painless gross hematuria; pain with or without infection; hydronephrosis, etc); patients with otherwise stable non-occluding kidney stones regardless of stone type incidentally found in computed tomography (CT) scans are eligible; patients with prior history of uric acid stones are eligible regardless of time of onset

- Unwillingness to stop calcium supplementation (during the first cycle of treatment)

or vitamin D supplementation throughout the study

- Thiazide (e. g HCTZ, Hydrochoirthiazide) or digoxin therapy (e. g Lanoxicaps, Lanoxin)

- Pregnant or nursing female patients.

- Unwilling or unable to follow protocol requirements

- Any condition which in the investigator's opinion deems the patient an unsuitable

candidate to receive study drug

- Received an investigational agent within 4 weeks prior to enrollment, except patients

receiving targeted therapies such as kinase inhibitors with half-lives < 48 hours may be treated if > 14 days have elapsed after the last dose and related toxicities have recovered to =< grade 1

- Nut allergy

Locations and Contacts

Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, New York 14263, United States

Emily Couric Clinical Cancer Center, Charlottesville, Virginia 22903, United States

Additional Information

Starting date: September 2011
Last updated: August 11, 2015

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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