DrugLib.com — Drug Information Portal

Rx drug information, pharmaceutical research, clinical trials, news, and more

Perianal Versus Endoanal Application of Glyceryl Trinitrate 0.4% Ointment for Chronic Anal Fissure

Information source: Hospital General Universitario Elche
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Chronic Anal Fissure

Intervention: Rectogesic® (glyceryl trinitrate 0.4% ointment) (Drug)

Phase: Phase 3

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: Hospital General Universitario Elche

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Antonio Arroyo, PhD, Principal Investigator


Perianal topical nitroglycerin has been widely used as a means for avoiding surgery in patients with anal fissure. However, nitroglycerin has not been universally accepted for this application because of inconsistency of efficacy and side effects. Recent studies (Dis Colon Rectum. 2007 Apr;50(4):509-16) have demonstrated that nitroglycerin ointment products compounded by pharmacies did not meet the USP specifications for potency and/or content uniformity when filling a prescription for 0. 3 percent nitroglycerin ointment. These results raise significant issues as to whether the patient is put at undue risk relative to the relief of their anal fissure pain. In addition, one study (Dis Colon Rectum. 2006 Jun;49(6):865-8) has demonstrated that intra-anal dosing of topical nitroglycerin produces a significantly greater reduction in sphincteric pressure and lower incidence of headaches than with perianal administration of the same dose of ointment. Topical glyceryl trinitrate 0. 4% ointment has been developed and tested in clinical trials and is effective in healing chronic anal fissures. It assures exactly dose and concentration of nitroglycerin. Hypothesis: The endoanal application of exactly dose and concentration of nitroglycerin must reduced headache and the final recurrence. The purpose of this study is: 1. Principal end-point: to compare perianal vs endoanal application of Rectogesic and evaluate the different morbidity of the two presentation

Clinical Details

Official title: Perianal vs Endoanal Application of Glyceryl Trinitrate 0.4% Ointment in the Treatment of Chronic Anal Fissure: Results of a Randomized Controlled Trial.

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Headache (during eights weeks of treatment)

Secondary outcome: Recurrence or persistence anal fissure (six month)

Detailed description: inclusion criteria: chronic anal fissure. Outcome measures: recurrence and headache.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Before a definitive definition of chronic anal fissure and ensuring inclusion in the

study, all patients diagnosed as having chronic anal fissure based on their medical history and physical exploration were treated for a minimum of six weeks with conservative medical treatment (high residue diet, analgesics, and warm sitz baths). Chronic anal fissure was defined by the presence of a fibrous induration or exposed internal sphincter fibres. Exclusion Criteria:

- Associated anal pathologies (incontinence, stenosis, abscess, fistula and


- Patients with associated conditions (inflammatory bowel disease, acquired

immunodeficiency syndrome, tuberculosis, sexually transmitted disease and immunosuppression)

- Cardiopathy

- Headache and pregnancy.

Locations and Contacts

Coloproctology Unit. Elche Hospital, Elche, Alicante 03203, Spain
Additional Information

Starting date: January 2009
Last updated: May 27, 2010

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

-- advertisement -- The American Red Cross
Home | About Us | Contact Us | Site usage policy | Privacy policy

All Rights reserved - Copyright DrugLib.com, 2006-2017