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Effect of Niacin on Transport of HDL and Relationship to Atherogenic Lipoproteins and Lipolysis

Information source: University of Pennsylvania
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Healthy Volunteers

Intervention: Niacin (Drug); Placebo (Other)

Phase: N/A

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: University of Pennsylvania

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Richard Dunbar, MD MSTR, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: University of Pennsylvania

Summary

This study looks at whether niacin improves reverse cholesterol transport (RCT) in healthy volunteers. 3H-Cholesterol will be used to measure RCT by analyzing changes in the tracer activity in total plasma, lipoproteins, red blood cells (RBCs) and stool. The hypothesis is that niacin augments reverse cholesterol transport.

Clinical Details

Official title: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo Controlled Study Evaluating the Effects Of Niacin On Reverse Cholesterol Transport As Measured Using 3H Particulate Cholesterol in Healthy Volunteers

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Basic Science

Primary outcome: The primary endpoint of this study is the determination of 3H cholesterol in the HDL fraction over time before and after treatment with niacin.

Secondary outcome:

Identification of Factors that Predict the RCT Response

Clarification of Physiological Effects of Niacin

Methods Refinement

Clarification of Physiological Effects of Niacin

Detailed description: The study will use 3H-cholesterol bound to albumin (particulate cholesterol) to assess the ability of high density lipoprotein (HDL) to transport cholesterol to the liver to be eliminated. This process is called Reverse Cholesterol transport and is one of the main mechanisms by which HDL protect against atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. The availability of a method to assess RCT is important for the development of new drugs which affect RCT and may result in useful treatments for atherosclerosis. This study will evaluate the use of radiolabeled particulate cholesterol administered intravenously in association with albumin, as a method to study reverse cholesterol transport (RCT) in humans before and after treatment by niacin by analyzing changes in the tracer activity in total plasma and lipoproteins. The study population is healthy volunteers.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 75 Years. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Men and women between the ages of 18 and 75 inclusive

- HDL cholesterol >= 25 mg/dL in all subjects, and <= 60 mg/dL in men and <= 70 mg/dL

in women

- Women must be of non-childbearing potential. They must have been surgically

sterilized at least 6 months prior to screening or be postmenopausal. Postmenopausal women must have no regular menstrual bleeding for at least 2 years prior to inclusion.

- Subjects must be in good overall health.

- Subjects must be able to comprehend and willing to provide a signed Institutional

Regulatory Board (IRB) approved Informed Consent Form.

- Subjects must be willing to comply with all study-related procedures.

- Subjects must weigh at least 140 pounds to participate in the HDL kinetics Substudy.

Exclusion Criteria:

- Clinically-manifest cardiovascular disease, including coronary disease,

cerebrovascular disease, or peripheral vascular disease

- History of diabetes mellitus or fasting glucose > 126 mg/dL at the screening visit

- Presence of New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class III or IV chronic heart failure

or unstable angina pectoris

- History of any other endocrine disease

- History of a non-skin malignancy within the previous 5 years

- Anemia defined as hemoglobin less than 12 g/dL

- Renal insufficiency as defined by creatinine ³ 1. 3 mg/dl

- Any major active rheumatologic, pulmonary, or dermatologic disease or inflammatory

condition

- Uncontrolled hypertension (Systolic >160 mm Hg and/or Diastolic >100 mmHg on two

consecutive measurements

- Use of warfarin, or any known coagulopathy and /or elevated Prothrombin time/Partial

Thromboplastin Time (PT/PTT) >1. 5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)

- Self-reported history of Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive

- Previous organ transplantation

- Clinical evidence of liver disease or liver injury as indicated by abnormal liver

function tests such as Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) or aspartate aminotransferase (AST) > 2x ULN, or self-reported history of positive for Hepatitis B or Hepatitis C

- Any major surgical procedure that occurred within the previous 3 months of the

screening visit

- History of illicit drug abuse (< 1 year)

- Regular use of alcoholic beverages (> 2 drinks/day)

- Body mass index (BMI) > 35 kg/m2 or < 18. 5 kg/m2

- Administration of an investigational drug within 6 weeks prior to the screening visit

- Serious or unstable medical or psychological conditions that, in the opinion of the

investigator, would compromise the subject's safety or successful participation in the study will be excluded.

- Use of daily lipid-altering therapy prior to the initiation of study medication is

exclusionary under the following circumstances (washout of non-statins is permitted):

- Statins within 4 weeks

- Niacin > 250 mg/ day within 6 weeks: Advicor, Niaspan, Niacor, Simcor,

Slo-Niacin, or supplemental niacin

- Fibrates within 12 weeks: fenofibrate (Antara, Lofibra, Tricor, Triglide),

gemfibrozil (Lopid), or clofibrate

- Enterically active lipid-altering drugs within 4 weeks: colestipol (Colestid),

cholestyramine (Questran), colesevelam (Welchol), ezetimibe (Zetia, Vytorin), orlistat (Xenical, Alli)

- Red yeast rice

- Fish oil > 2 g/day within 4 weeks: Lovaza (née Omacor), numerous supplements

- Altered dose of a selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM) within 4 weeks

- History of severe intolerance of niacin

- Men who plan to conceive a child within 3 months of the conclusion of the study.

Locations and Contacts

University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, United States
Additional Information

Starting date: November 2010
Last updated: November 21, 2011

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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