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Study of Alendronate to Prevent and Treat Osteoporosis in Cystic Fibrosis Patients

Information source: Hamilton Health Sciences
Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on June 20, 2008
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Cystic Fibrosis; Osteoporosis; Bone Diseases, Metabolic

Intervention: Alendronate (Drug)

Phase: Phase 4

Status: Active, not recruiting

Sponsored by: Hamilton Health Sciences

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Alexandra Papaioannou, M.D., Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Hamilton Health Sciences
Andreas Freitag, M.D., Study Chair, Affiliation: Hamilton Health Sciences
Jonathan D Adachi, M.D., Study Chair, Affiliation: Hamilton Health Sciences

Summary

The primary objective of this study is to determine efficacy of 70 mg alendronate once weekly compared to placebo. This will be measured by percent changes in lumbar spine(LS) bone mineral density(BMD) in adult cystic fibrosis(CF)patients after one year of treatment. The investigators hypothesize that in adult CF patients with osteopenia or osteoporosis, alendronate 70 mg once weekly will produce a mean increase from baseline in lumbar spine BMD that is greater than that observed with placebo at 12 months.

Clinical Details

Official title: A Multicentre, Double-Blind, Randomized Placebo-Controlled Study of 70mg Alendronate Once Weekly for the Prevention and Treatment of Osteoporosis in Canadian Adult Cystic Fibrosis Patients

Study design: Treatment, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo Control, Parallel Assignment, Efficacy Study

Primary outcome: 1) To determine efficacy of 70 mg alendronate once weekly compared to placebo, measured by changes in LS BMD in adult CF patients after one year of treatment

Secondary outcome:

1) To determine the efficacyof 70 mg alendronate once weekly compared to placebo measured by percent changes in total hip BMD, proximal femur BMD, and N-telopeptide at one year in adult CF patients.

2) To determine health-related quality of life (HRQL) using the SF-36 instrument.

3) To determine HRQL using the Cystic Fibrosis Questionnaire (CFQ).

4) To determine the safety of 70 mg of alendronate given once weekly compared with placebo in adult CF patients

5) To determine correlations between BMD and patient characteristics, including but not limited to the following: corticosteroid use, height, weight, body mass index BMI) and forced expired volume in 1 minute (FEV1).

Detailed description: Randomized controled trial have begun to establish the efficacy and safety of bisphosphonates in CF patients with decreased BMD. The development of a once weekly dosing regimen of alendronate and the low prevalence of esophageal adverse events may be an advantageous therapeutic option for this high-risk population. This is a one-year randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicentre study in 55 CF patients with osteopenia or osteoporosis. Six Canadian centres are participating in this study. Patients randomzied to treatment will receive 70 mg oral alendronate once weekly, while controls will receive identical placebo once weekly. All medication dispensed will be concealed. There will be no dose modification during the course of the trial. All patients will receive a total of 1000 mg calcium, 500 through supplementation and 500 through diet. All patients will continue to take vitamin D supplementation ( 2 tablets per day, 400 IU vitamin D/tablet).

Eligibility

Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

1. CF; confirmed by a positive sweat test or DNA analysis

2. age 18 years or above at the time of informed consent

3. osteopenia (-2. 5< BMD t-score<1. 0) or osteoporosis (BMD t-score <-2. 5)t-score at the LS (1-4)or total hip

4. provision of informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

1. endoscopy-proven esophagitis, gastritis, ulceration, or abnormalities of the esophagus which delay esophageal emptying such as stricture, achalasia, or esophageal varices

2. significantly impaired renal function; this is defined as serum creatinine >177 umol/L

3. current or recent (within 1 year prior to randomization) consumption of an excess of alcohol or abuse of drugs; an excess of alcohol is defined as more than four of any of the following per day, or a combination of more that four of the following per day: 30 mL distilled spirits, 240 mL beer, or 120 mL wine

4. history of prior organ transplantation

5. any condition which may interfere with the evaluation of LS BMD as determined in a screening radiograph by a radiologist at the central facility e. g. spinal fusion, confluent aortic calcifications, surgical artefact, excessive osteophytes, or other permanent artefact; hip prostheses or any other condition that may interfere with the evaluation of hip BMD

6. participation in another clinical trial 30 days prior to enrolment or within 6 half-lives of the study drug if applicable

7. pregnancy, lactation, or a desire to become pregnant; safe effective birthcontrol must be used

8. know hypersensitivity or abnormal reaction to study drug or other bisphosphonates

9. use of drugs know to affect bone within 6 months of starting trial medication (e. g. thiazide, diuretics, calcitonin, calcitriol, anabolic steroids, estrogen or estrogen-related drugs (e. g. tamoxifen, falozifen, tibolone high dose vaginal estrogen), progesterone, fluoride: this does not include the birth control pill

10. patients currently receiving another bisphosphonate in whom treatment efficacy has been established; only patients who are intolerant to or did not respond to another bisphosphonate will be considered for inclusion; patients must have ceased treatment with any bisphosphonate for at least 1 year prior to enrolment

11. use of systemic corticosteroids at a dose of at least 7. 5 mg/day or greater within last 6 months

12. concomitant use of any investigational drug other than the study medication

13. current or recent (within 1 year prior to randomization) metabolic bone disorders other than secondary osteoporosis, such as Paget's disease, renal osteodystrophy, osteomalacia (25-OHD<25nmol/L), hypoparathyroidism, hyperparathyroidism; TSH outside normal laboratory range, with values that are assesed as clinically significant by the investigator; if on replacement therapy, dose should be stable and TSH within normal range for a minimum of 6 weeks prior to trial enrolment

14. hypocalcemia from any cause, corrected for low albumin

15. any history of cancer; for relatively benign skin malignancies, such as basal cell carcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma and patinets with a history of successfully treated cervical carcinoma in istu, a documented six-month remission is required before study entry

16. poor medical or psychiatric risk for treatment with an investigational drug

Locations and Contacts

Dr. Harvey Rabin - Health Sciences Centre, Calgary, Alberta T2N 4N1, Canada

McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

London Health Sciences Centre, London, Ontario N6A 4G5, Canada

Centre de Recherche - CHUM, Montreal, Quebec H2W 1T7, Canada

Montreal Chest Institute, Montreal, Quebec H2X 2P4, Canada

CHUL Hospital, Sainte-Foy, Quebec G1V 4G2, Canada

Additional Information

Related publications:

Aris RM, Lester GE, Caminiti M, Blackwood AD, Hensler M, Lark RK, Hecker TM, Renner JB, Guillen U, Brown SA, Neuringer IP, Chalermskulrat W, Ontjes DA. Efficacy of alendronate in adults with cystic fibrosis with low bone density. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2004 Jan 1;169(1):77-82. Epub 2003 Oct 16.

Aris RM, Merkel PA, Bachrach LK, Borowitz DS, Boyle MP, Elkin SL, Guise TA, Hardin DS, Haworth CS, Holick MF, Joseph PM, O'Brien K, Tullis E, Watts NB, White TB. Guide to bone health and disease in cystic fibrosis. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2005 Mar;90(3):1888-96. Epub 2004 Dec 21. Review.

Starting date: December 2003
Ending date: August 2006
Last updated: December 14, 2005

Page last updated: June 20, 2008

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