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Cytochrom p450 3A4 and 1A2 Phenotyping for the Individualization of Treatment With Sunitinib or Erlotinib in Cancer Patients

Information source: Cantonal Hospital of St. Gallen
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Non Small-cell Lung Cancer; Renal-cell Cancer; Gastrointestinal Stroma Tumor

Intervention: Sunitinib (Drug); Erlotinib (Drug); Midazolam (Drug); Caffeine (Drug)

Phase: Phase 4

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: Markus Joerger

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Markus Joerger, MD PhD, Study Chair, Affiliation: Cantonal Hospital St.Gallen (Switzerland)

Overall contact:
Gabriela Kramer, MsC, Phone: 714941111, Ext: +41, Email: gabriela.kramer@kssg.ch

Summary

It is well known that substantial interindividual variability of CYP3A4/1A2-phenotype activity is an important contributor to individual differences in the sensitivity to the frequently used tyrosine kinase inhibitors sunitinib and erlotinib. This study tests the potential for CYP-phenotyping to predict individual pharmacology and derive dosing algorithms for more tailored treatment of these drugs.

Clinical Details

Official title: Cytochrom p450 3A4 and 1A2 Phenotyping for the Individualization of Treatment With Sunitinib or Erlotinib in Cancer Patients

Study design: Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics/Dynamics Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Steady-state partial area-under the plasma concentration-time curve over 24 hours (AUC24h) of sunitinib and erlotinib and CYP3A4/1A2-phenotype activity as defined in the protocol

Secondary outcome:

Sunitinib and Erlotinib-associated toxicity according to the CTC criteria (v.3.0)

Concentrations of Sunitinib, Erlotinib and probe drugs (Midazolam, Caffeine) in whole blood, sampled from patient's dried blood spots (DBS)

Detailed description: Objectives: The primary objective of this study is to show that the individual CYP3A4 and CYP1A2-phenotype as assessed by probe drugs predicts drug exposure to sunitinib and erlotinib. Secondary objectives of the study are to define the correlation between the individual CYP-phenotype and treatment-related toxicity, testing the feasibility of drug bioanalysis from patient's dry blood spots (DBS), build an integrated covariate model on sunitinib and erlotinib pharmacokinetics and define a dosing algorithm for both sunitinib and erlotinib based on the individual CYP-phenotype. Study endpoints: Primary endpoint: • To show that individual drug clearance of sunitinib or erlotinib is significantly higher in patients with a high-activity CYP3A4/1A2-phenotype. Secondary endpoints:

- To specify the correlation between the CYP-phenotype and treatment-related toxicity.

- To assess the feasibility of drug bioanalysis from patient's dry blood spots (DBS).

- To build an integrated covariate model of sunitinib and erlotinib pharmacokinetics to

define the quantitative relationship between the CYP-phenotype activity and drug exposure.

- To define a dosing algorithm for both sunitinib and erlotinib based on the individual

CYP-phenotype using data simulations on the previously defined population covariate model. Trial Design: Prospective, nonrandomized, pharmacological cohort study. Main selection criteria

- Histologically or cytologically confirmed renal-cell cancer (sunitinib),

gastrointestinal stromal tumor (sunitinib) or non small-cell lung cancer (erlotinib)

- Both early or advanced tumor stage

- Indication for the therapeutic use of either sunitinib or erlotinib

- Written informed consent and willing to undergo PK-sampling

- Adequate organ function

- No concurrent radiotherapy or systemic anticancer treatment with another drug

Trial Duration The present study is projected to start in June 2011, with the inclusion of a total of 60 patients (at least 25 patients for each sunitinib and erlotinib). The study is expected to finalize patient accrual in December 2013. Statistical considerations The trial is designed to show a linear inverse relationship between the individual CYP-phenotype and total drug steady-state AUC (sunitinib plus SU12662 and erlotinib plus OSI-420, respectively), whereat CYP1A2 only accounts for the metabolism of erlotinib. With the inclusion of 60 patients, the study has a power of 90% to detect a relevant relationship between the CYP-phenotype activity and sunitinib/erlotinib steady-state AUC, with a regression coefficient of >0. 4 for the H1-hypothesis (and accepting a regression coefficient of >0. 1 for the H0-hypothesis) at the 5% significance level. Trial Treatment Sunitinib: 50 mg p. o. daily for 4 out of 6 weeks, or 37. 5 mg daily continuous until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity or withdrawal of informed consent. Erlotinib: 150 mg p. o. daily until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity or withdrawal of informed consent. Potential study outcome This study makes a significant contribution to global efforts for more individualized anticancer treatment. If successful, we will be able to make dosing recommendations for sunitinib and erlotinib based on a simple probe drug assay.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Histologically or cytologically confirmed renal-cell cancer or gastrointestinal

stromal tumor (for sunitinib) or non small-cell lung cancer (for erlotinib)

- Both early or advanced tumor stage

- Indication for the therapeutic use of either sunitinib or erlotinib

- Written informed consent and willing to undergo PK-sampling

- Patients > 18 years of age

- ECOG performance status or ≤2

- Adequate laboratory parameters:

i. Serum creatinine and serum bilirubin ≤ 1. 5 X ULN ii. Serum ALT and AST ≤ 2. 5 X ULN (or ≤ 5 in case of liver metastases) iii. Serum calcium ≤ 11,6 mg/dl (2. 9 mmol/L) Exclusion Criteria:

- Previous treatment with sunitinib or erlotinib

- Known hypersensitivity to trial drug or any compounds of the drug

- Concurrent radiotherapy

- Concurrent systemic anticancer treatment with the exception of bisphosphonates and

bevacizumab in patients with non small-cell lung cancer

Locations and Contacts

Gabriela Kramer, MsC, Phone: 714941111, Ext: +41, Email: gabriela.kramer@kssg.ch

Cantonal Hospital St.Gallen, St.Gallen 9007, Switzerland; Recruiting
Markus Joerger, MD-PhD-ClinPharm, Phone: +41-76-559-10-70, Ext: 0041, Email: markus.joerger@kssg.ch
Markus Joerger, MD-PhD ClinPharm, Principal Investigator
Additional Information

Institute research homepage

Starting date: January 2012
Last updated: August 31, 2014

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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