DrugLib.com — Drug Information Portal

Rx drug information, pharmaceutical research, clinical trials, news, and more



Pragmatic RCT Comparing Aripiprazole, Olanzapine and Haloperidol in the Treatment of Schizophrenia

Information source: Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Schizophrenia

Intervention: Aripiprazole (Drug); Olanzapine (Drug); Haloperidol (Drug)

Phase: Phase 4

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Angelo Barbato, M.D., Principal Investigator, Affiliation: 'Mario Negri' Institute for Pharmacological Research
Alberto Parabiaghi, M.D., Study Director, Affiliation: 'Mario Negri' Institute for Pharmacological Research
Barbara D'Avanzo, Phil.D., Study Chair, Affiliation: 'Mario Negri' Institute for Pharmacological Research
Mauro Tettamanti, Biol.D., Study Chair, Affiliation: 'Mario Negri' Institute for Pharmacological Research

Summary

The GiSAS study is a multi-centre randomized clinical trial that will involve about 80 italian community psychiatric services in Italy and will recruit 800 patients affected by schizophrenia. In a sample of schizophrenic outpatients, it is hypothesized that there are significant differences in the overall tolerability and effectiveness of aripiprazole, olanzapine and haloperidol at 12 months. It is a pragmatic trial. Thus, participants are selected to represent a broad range of "real-world" patients, all treatment medications are non-blinded and after randomization, the assigned drugs will be prescribed according to usual care practice. The measure for effectiveness is retention of patients on the assigned treatment. The measure for tolerability is the onset of metabolic syndrome.

Clinical Details

Official title: GiSAS Trial: Aripiprazole, Olanzapine, and Haloperidol in the Long Term Treatment of Schizophrenia.

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: The measure for tolerability is the onset of metabolic syndrome as defined by meeting at least 3 of the following criteria: (1) abdominal obesity, (2) high triglycerides, (3) high HDL, (4) high blood pressure and (5) hyperglycaemia.

Secondary outcome:

The primary measure for effectiveness is retention of patients on the assigned treatment at 12 months. Switching to another antipsychotic, adding a second antipsychotic or stopping antipsychotic treatment will be considered as drug discontinuation.

Global functioning and symptomatology (GAF)

Time to discontinuation due to efficacy

Time to discontinuation due to side effects

Worsening of metabolic profile

Neuroleptic side effects' self-rating (LUNSERS)

Detailed description: Specific aim. The GiSAS study is a randomized controlled superiority trial that aims to evaluate the tolerability and effectiveness of aripiprazole, olanzapine and haloperidol in outpatients with schizophrenia over a 12-month period. Inclusion criteria.

- Ageā‰„18.

- Patients entering the study must have a condition appropriate for changing the

antipsychotic treatment or starting a new one. Exclusion criteria.

- Diagnosis of metabolic syndrome.

- Diagnosis of diabetes mellitus type II.

- The patient has never been exposed to antipsychotic drugs.

- One of the studied treatments is clearly contraindicated.

Recruitment. The study will be conducted in a broad array of clinical settings in order to provide generalizable and practically relevant study findings. The recruitment period will last 12 months in each participating center. Study design. The GiSAS study is a multi-centre RCT that will involve about 80 italian psychiatric services and will recruit 800 patients affected by schizophrenia. In a non-selected sample of schizophrenic patients, it is hypothesized that there are significant differences in the overall safety, tolerability and acceptability of aripiprazole, olanzapine and haloperidol and consequently in their effectiveness. It is a pragmatic trial. Thus, participants are selected to represent a broad range of "real-world" patients, including those with comorbid conditions (i. e. substance use disorders, medical problems. Patients will be assessed:

- at baseline (all subjects);

- when monotherapy treatment is stopped;

- at 12 months (all subjects).

Pharmacological treatments. In this study, the following drugs will be tested: (a) aripiprazole, (b) olanzapine, (c) haloperidol. All treatment medications are non-blinded. After randomization, the assigned drugs will be prescribed according to usual care practice. Patients will be prescribed daily oral dose of the assigned drug, based on individual response and side-effects. For patients already taking an antipsychotic medication prior to study entry, tapering the previous medication over a period of four weeks will be allowed. All the drugs used in each arm of GiSAS trial are currently licensed and marketed in Italy for the treatment of schizophrenia. No other antipsychotic medication will be allowed. Concomitant psychotropic medication (e. g. benzodiazepines, antidepressants) and the use of non-psychotropic drugs will be allowed and routinely recorded. Primary outcomes. The measure for effectiveness is retention of patients on the assigned treatment at 12 months. The measure for tolerability is the onset of metabolic syndrome at 12 months (primary endpoint). Switching to another antipsychotic, adding a second antipsychotic or stopping antipsychotic treatment will be considered as drug discontinuation. Reasons for discontinuation will be registered and will be taken into account when creating the secondary outcomes. In order to capture whether, when and why participants stop the assigned treatment or add concomitant medication, the patients' ongoing treatments will be monitored at least once a month. The primary endpoint (i. e. Metabolic Syndrome) is assessed centrally by blinded independent observers. All statistical analyses will be blinded and will include all randomized subjects following the intent-to-treat principle.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- men and women, 18 years of age and over, who meet DSM-IV criteria for schizophrenia,

based upon the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview;

- patients entering the study must, according to their own judgment in consultation

with their physician, have a condition appropriate for (a) starting treatment with an oral antipsychotic medication or (b) changing antipsychotic treatment. Exclusion Criteria:

- diagnosis of metabolic syndrome, defined as the fulfilling of at least 3 of the

diagnostic criteria for the metabolic syndrome derived from Adult Treatment Protocol III (ATP III);

- diagnosis of diabetes mellitus type II;

- presence of an organic condition clearly contraindicating treatment with one of the

studied drugs, e. g., pregnancy or breast-feeding;

- one of the studied treatments is positively known to be ineffective or not tolerable

and consequently contraindicated;

- the patient has never been exposed to antipsychotic drugs;

- according to clinician's opinion, it is unlikely that the patient can be followed

for the whole duration of the study (1 year).

Locations and Contacts

Department of Mental Health, Genoa, Liguria 16125, Italy
Additional Information

GiSAS Study

UE Clinical Trials Register

IRCCS 'Mario Negri' Institute for Pharmacological Research

Starting date: July 2007
Last updated: April 9, 2014

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

-- advertisement -- The American Red Cross
 
Home | About Us | Contact Us | Site usage policy | Privacy policy

All Rights reserved - Copyright DrugLib.com, 2006-2017