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Hepatitis B Acceptability and Vaccination Incentive Trial

Information source: Kirby Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 20, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Hepatitis B

Intervention: Incentive condition (Other)

Phase: N/A

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: Kirby Institute

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Lisa Maher, PhD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: The Kirby Institute


Aims: This prospective trial seeks to investigate the efficacy of a financial incentive in increasing the uptake and completion of the HBV vaccine series among people who inject drugs (PWID). Using a randomised controlled trial design, the investigators will offer the 3 dose, accelerated HBV schedule to eligible PWID allocated to either a standard of care or incentive condition. Participants allocated to the incentive condition will receive a small incentive payment after the second and third dose of the vaccine. It is hypothesized that the proportion of participants who complete the vaccine series in the incentive payment arm will be higher compared to the non-incentive payment arm (standard of care).

Clinical Details

Official title: A Randomised Controlled Trial to Evaluate the Effectiveness of a Small Financial Incentive After the Second and Third Dose of a Hepatitis B Vaccine, on Vaccine Completion in People Who Inject Drugs

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Caregiver), Primary Purpose: Prevention

Primary outcome: Determine, relative to a 'standard of care' control condition, the efficacy of incentive payments to increase HBV vaccine completion using an accelerated schedule (0, 7, and 21 days).

Secondary outcome:

Assess the relative cost effectiveness of standard care compared to incentive payments as methods of improving rates of successful vaccine series completion and vaccine-induced immunity

Identify the correlates of immunity (defined as hepatitis B surface antibody levels greater than 10 mIU/ml)

Assess the acceptability of vaccines, including HBV vaccines, barriers to immunisation uptake and willingness to participate in vaccine trials among PWID

Assess hepatitis B-related knowledge in this group

Detailed description: Injecting drug use is the leading exposure category for notifications of newly acquired hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in Australia. Despite the existence of a safe and efficacious vaccine, hepatitis B coverage remains low among Australian people who inject drugs (PWID) and little is known about attitudes to immunisation, barriers to uptake and willingness to participate in vaccine trials among this group. Candidate vaccines for hepatitis C virus (HCV) and HIV are currently in development and HBV immunisation provides a surrogate for examining strategies to deliver vaccines to this group. Secondary objectives of this trial are to (i) assess the cost effectiveness of the interventions; (ii) identify the correlates of immunity in this group; (iii) assess the acceptability of vaccines, including HBV vaccines, barriers to immunisation uptake and willingness to participate in vaccine trials among PWID; and (iv) assess hepatitis B−related knowledge in this group. Research Design: A total of 200 eligible PWID or people at risk of initiating injecting (those with no history of exposure to or receipt of more than one vaccination against HBV) will be recruited and interviewed prior to randomisation on a 1: 1 basis (100 per arm) to either the (1) control (standard of care) or (2) incentive conditions. All participants will be offered the 3 dose accelerated vaccine schedule (20ug at 0, 7 and 21 days) and will be followed up at week 12.


Minimum age: 16 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Aged 16 years and above.

- Injected drugs at least once in the preceding six months, OR (i) Use of any

illegal/non-prescription drug apart from cannabis (e. g., speed, coke, ice, heroin) in the last three months, AND (ii) Spent time with 2 or more people who inject drugs on a weekly or more frequent basis in the last three months.

- No previous hepatitis B infection, and a maximum of one previous dose of hepatitis B

vaccination, or unknown infection and vaccination status, based on self-report and, where available, medical records

- Ability to provide informed consent, to be randomized and attend vaccinations over a

period of three weeks and to attend follow-up at 12 weeks post-randomisation. Exclusion Criteria:

- Evidence of natural or vaccine-induced immunity.

- Previous exposure or two+ vaccinations (as identified by self-report), where HBV

surface antibody >= 10 mIU/ml

- Serious mental or physical illness or disability likely to impact on capacity to

complete the study procedures

- Insufficient English language skills that will impair ability to give informed

consent or provide reliable responses to study interviews /questionnaires

- Human Immunodeficiency Virus infection

- Refusal to be vaccinated against Hepatitis B Virus (HBV)

Locations and Contacts

The Kirby Institute, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Additional Information

Starting date: September 2008
Last updated: June 14, 2011

Page last updated: August 20, 2015

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