DrugLib.com — Drug Information Portal

Rx drug information, pharmaceutical research, clinical trials, news, and more



A Study of the Effects of Eplerenone and Amlodipine on Blood Pressure and Basal Metabolic Rate in Obese Hypertensives

Information source: University of Mississippi Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Obesity; Hypertension

Intervention: eplerenone, amlodipine (Drug); eplerenone (Drug); eplerenone (Drug); amlodipine (Drug)

Phase: N/A

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: University of Mississippi Medical Center

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Marion Wofford, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: University of Mississippi Medical Center

Summary

Obesity and hypertension are independent risks for congestive heart failure (CHF) and chronic kidney disease. In obesity induced hypertension, the most common cause of human essential hypertension, the potential importance of mineralocorticoid receptor blockade has not been widely investigated. We propose to test the hypothesis that eplerenone reduces metabolic demand, improves cardiac function and attenuates glomerular hyperfiltration and microalbuminuria in obese patients. Our specific aims are to assess changes in basal metabolic rate, cardiac and renal function in obese hypertensive subjects treated with eplerenone compared to amlodipine.

Clinical Details

Official title: Investigation of Reduction of Blood Pressure and Metabolic Rate in Obese Hypertensive Patients Using Eplerenone: Implications for Treatment of Hypertension and Heart Failure

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Basal metabolic rate

Detailed description: The proposed trial will utilize an open label study design. Patients with hypertension and obesity will be recruited. After a 3-week washout period for patients currently on antihypertensive medication, eligible participants will be assigned to receive 25 mg of eplerenone or 5 mg of amlodipine. After a 4 week period on medication, drug will be advanced to 50 mg of eplerenone or 10 mg of amlodipine for an additional 4 weeks. Protocol Synopsis: 1. Recruit 20 study participants with a systolic blood pressure (SBP) between 140 and 160 mmHg and/or a diastolic blood pressure between 90 and 100 mmHg who also have a body mass index > 30-45. If participants are on antihypertensive treatment, they will undergo a 3-week washout period. The study participants will be identified in the Division of Hypertension. 2. Assign study participants to receive 25 mg of eplerenone or 5 mg of amlodipine per day for 4 weeks. Up-titration to eplerenone 50 mg and amlodipine 10 mg for an additional 4 weeks. 3. Obtain basal metabolic rate, cardiac output and other indices of cardiac performance, cognitive abilities, and rating of depression and anxiety symptoms at baseline and after 8 weeks of treatment. 4. Obtain blood pressure measures at all visits. 5. Obtain mood ratings at all visits. 6. Compare basal metabolic rate, cardiac output and other indices of cardiac performance between treatment groups. 7. Compare difference in SBP and DBP between treatment groups. 8. Compare differences in plasma insulin, serum electrolytes, plasma renin activity, cortisol and aldosterone concentrations, urinary albumin excretion, and glomerular filtration rate between treatment groups. 9. Compare mood rating as well as symptoms of depression and anxiety between treatment groups.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 21 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Systolic blood pressure (SBP) between 140 and 160 mmHg and/or a diastolic blood

pressure between 90 and 100 mmHg who also have a body mass index > 30-45.

- Women must be post menopausal

Exclusion Criteria:

- Women of child bearing potential

- BMI less than 30 or greater than 45

- A creatinine > 1. 8 for females and > 2. 0 for males

- Type 1 or type 2 diabetes

- Current evidence of alcohol or drug abuse problems

Locations and Contacts

The University of Mississippi Clinical Research Program, Jackson, Mississippi 39216, United States
Additional Information

Starting date: January 2009
Last updated: March 10, 2014

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

-- advertisement -- The American Red Cross
 
Home | About Us | Contact Us | Site usage policy | Privacy policy

All Rights reserved - Copyright DrugLib.com, 2006-2017