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Trial of Eribulin/Cyclophosphamide or Docetaxel/Cyclophosphamide as Neoadjuvant Therapy in Locally Advanced HER2-Negative Breast Cancer

Information source: SCRI Development Innovations, LLC
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: HER2 Negative Breast Cancer

Intervention: Eribulin (Drug); Cyclophosphamide (Drug); Docetaxel (Drug)

Phase: Phase 2

Status: Active, not recruiting

Sponsored by: SCRI Development Innovations, LLC

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Denise A Yardley, MD, Study Chair, Affiliation: SCRI Development Innovations, LLC

Summary

The investigators propose a randomized phase II study evaluating the pCR and toxicity profiles of combination eribulin/cyclophosphamide (ErC) and docetaxel /cyclophosphamide (TC) as neoadjuvant therapy for locally advanced HER2-negative breast cancer.

Clinical Details

Official title: A Randomized Phase II Study of Eribulin/Cyclophosphamide or Docetaxel/Cyclophosphamide as Neoadjuvant Therapy in Locally Advanced HER2-Negative Breast Cancer

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: The pCR rate of 6 cycles of neoadjuvant patients treated with ErC and TC

Secondary outcome:

The number of adverse events as a measure of safety and tolerability.

The clinical response rate of ErC as neoadjuvant therapy

Disease-Free Survival (DFS) at 2 years

Eligibility

Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Female.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: 1. Histologically confirmed invasive adenocarcinoma of the breast. 2. Primary palpable disease confined to the breast and axilla on physical examination (clinical Stage II or III disease). For patients without clinically suspicious axillary adenopathy, the primary must be >2 cm in diameter by physical examination or imaging studies (clinical T2-3, N0-2, M0). For patients with clinically suspicious axillary adenopathy, the primary breast tumor can be any size (clinical T1-3, N1-2, M0). Patients who have had axillary node dissection and have pN3a (i. e. ≥10 involved axillary nodes) are also eligible. 3. Patients entering the trial after undergoing an axillary node dissection will be eligible if they meet other entry criteria. 4. Estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PR) status in the primary tumor known or pending at the time of study registration. 5. Resolution of all acute effects of surgical procedures to ≤ grade 1. For patients who had or will have, a sentinel node and/or axillary node dissection, completion at least 1 week prior to the initiation of study treatment with a well-healed wound is required. 6. Bilateral, synchronous breast cancer is allowed if both primary tumors are HER2-negative and at least one meets the specified qualifying tumor or nodal inclusion criteria. 7. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status (PS) score of 0-2. 8. Patients entering this study must be willing to provide release of tumor tissue collected at baseline during a diagnostic procedure if available, and at the time of future surgical procedure(s) for correlative testing. If tissue is not available, the patient will still be eligible for enrollment to the study. 9. No evidence of metastatic disease, as documented by complete staging workup ≤8 weeks prior to initiation of study treatment. 10. No prior treatment for this breast cancer with the exception of criterion #3. 11. HER2-negative tumor status defined as:

- Immunohistochemical (IHC) 0-1+ or

- IHC 2+ or IHC 3+ confirmed as FISH (Fluorescence in situ hybridization) or SISH

(Silver in situ hybridization) negative (defined by ratio <2. 2) 12. Adequate hematologic function defined as:

- Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥1500/μL

- Hemoglobin (Hgb) ≥10 g/dL

- Platelets ≥100,000/uL

13. Adequate liver function defined as:

- Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ≤2. 5 x the

upper limit of normal (ULN)

- Total bilirubin ≤ the institutional ULN

14. Adequate renal function defined as:

- Serum creatinine ≤1. 5 mg/dL x ULN OR calculated creatinine clearance ≥50 mL/min

by the Cockcroft-Gault method: GRF =(140-age) x (weight/kg) x (0. 85 if female) (72 x serum creatinine mg/dL) 15. Other laboratory testing:

- Serum magnesium ≥ the institutional lower limit of normal (LLN)

- Serum potassium ≥the institutional LLN

16. Female and ≥18 years of age. 17. Negative serum pregnancy test within <7 days prior to initial trial treatment. 18. Female patients who are not of child-bearing potential, and female patients of child-bearing potential who agree to use adequate contraceptive measures that are approved by their study physician while receiving study treatment and continuing for 3 weeks after the last dose of study drug treatment, who are not breastfeeding, and who have a negative serum pregnancy test prior to start of dosing. 19. Willingness and ability to comply with trial and follow-up procedures. 20. Ability to understand the nature of this trial and give written informed consent. Exclusion Criteria: 1. Clinical T4 lesions, including inflammatory breast cancer. Clinical N3 involvement (e. g., ipsilateral, infraclavicular, supraclavicular, and internal mammary nodes). 2. Peripheral neuropathy (motor or sensory) > grade 1 according to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4. 0 (CTCAE v4. 0). 3. Patient has received radiotherapy for treatment of previous cancer that included ≥30% of major bone marrow containing areas (e. g., pelvis, lumbar, spine). 4. Known or suspected allergy or hypersensitivity to any of the study drugs (i. e., eribulin, cyclophosphamide, docetaxel) or known hypersensitivity to polysorbate 80. 5. Patients with acute or chronic liver or renal disease or pancreatitis. 6. Known diagnosis of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), Hepatitis B (HBV) or Hepatitis C (HCV). 7. Concurrent treatment with an ovarian hormonal replacement therapy or with hormonal agents such as raloxifene, tamoxifen or other selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM). Patients must have discontinued use of such agents prior to beginning study treatment. However, use of GNRH agonists for the purpose of fertility preservation or suppression of heavy menses is permitted (see Section 5. 4.1). 8. Patient has any of the following cardiac diseases currently or within the last 6 months:

- Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction (LVEF) <45% as determined by Multiple Gated

acquisition (MUGA) scan or echocardiogram (ECHO)

- Heart rate-corrected QT interval (QTc) > 480 ms on screening electrocardiogram

(ECG) (using Bazett's formula)

- Unstable angina pectoris

- Congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association [NYHA] ≥ Grade 2

- Acute myocardial infarction

- Conduction abnormality not controlled with pacemaker or medication

- Significant ventricular or supraventricular arrhythmias (Patients with chronic

rate-controlled atrial fibrillation in the absence of other cardiac abnormalities are eligible).

- Valvular disease with significant compromise in cardiac function

9. Chronic use of drugs that cause QTc prolongation. Patients must discontinue use of these drugs 7 days prior to the start of study treatment. 10. Presence of other active cancers, or history of treatment for invasive cancer ≤5 years. Patients with stage I cancer who have received definitive local treatment at least 3 years previously, and are considered unlikely to recur are eligible. All patients with previously treated in situ carcinoma (i. e. non-invasive) are eligible, as are patients with history of non-melanoma skin cancer. 11. Patients may not receive any other investigational or anti-cancer treatments while participating in this trial. 12. Psychological, familial, sociological, or geographical conditions that do not permit compliance with the protocol. 13. Inability or unwillingness to comply with study and/or follow-up procedures outlined in the protocol.

Locations and Contacts

Florida Cancer Specialists South, Ft. Myers, Florida 33916, United States

Memorial Cancer Institute, Hollywood, Florida 33021, United States

Woodlands Medical Specialists, Pensacola, Florida 32503, United States

Florida Cancer Specialists North, St. Petersburg, Florida 33705, United States

Northeast Georgia Medical Center, Gainesville, Georgia 30501, United States

Mercy Hospital, Portland, Maine 04102, United States

Center for Cancer and Blood Disorders, Bethesda, Maryland 20817, United States

Grand Rapids Oncology Program, Grand Rapids, Michigan 49503, United States

Research Medical Center, Kansas City, Missouri 64132, United States

Nebraska Methodist Cancer Center, Omaha, Nebraska 68114, United States

Oncology Hematology Care, Inc, Cincinnati, Ohio 45242, United States

South Carolina Oncology Associates, Columbia, South Carolina 29210, United States

Tennessee Oncology, Nashville, Tennessee 37203, United States

The Center for Cancer and Blood Disorders, Fort Worth, Texas 76104, United States

Virginia Cancer Institute, Richmond, Virginia 23230, United States

Additional Information

Starting date: June 2012
Last updated: May 11, 2015

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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