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Vaccine Therapy in Treating Patients With Multiple Myeloma Who Have Undergone Stem Cell Transplantation

Information source: Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Refractory Multiple Myeloma; Stage I Multiple Myeloma; Stage II Multiple Myeloma; Stage III Multiple Myeloma

Intervention: autologous immunoglobulin idiotype-KLH conjugate vaccine (Biological); sargramostim (Biological); aldesleukin (Biological); laboratory biomarker analysis (Other)

Phase: Phase 1

Status: Active, not recruiting

Sponsored by: Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center/University of Washington Cancer Consortium

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
David Maloney, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center/University of Washington Cancer Consortium


The purpose of this trial is to test the safety and immune response to four immunizations with this vaccine made from a protein produced by the patient's tumor. There is no guarantee or promise that this procedure will be successful

Clinical Details

Official title: Phase I Trial of Post Transplant Immunization With Autologous Myeloma Idiotype-KLH/GM-CSF In Myeloma Patients Following Autologous or Allogeneic Marrow or Stem Cell Transplantation

Study design: Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome:

Toxicities graded using the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Toxicity Criteria

Immune response

Detailed description: PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. To determine the safety of multiple subcutaneous vaccinations with myeloma Id-KLH (idiotype-keyhole limpet hemocyanin) with GM-CSF (sargramostim) in post allogeneic transplant myeloma patients, or with GM-CSF +/- interleukin (IL)-2 (aldesleukin) in post autologous transplant myeloma patients. II. To evaluate patients pre and post bone marrow transplantation (BMT) for evidence of endogenous idiotype specific immune response. III. To characterize the time course, specificity and persistence of antibody and T cell immune response to myeloma idiotype and to KLH induced by myeloma Ig (Id) immunization. IV. To clone, expand and characterize T cells specific for the tumor idiotype. V. Monitor myeloma involvement in bone marrow and serum paraprotein level following vaccination. VI. Use stored patient samples to clone, expand, and characterize T cells specific for myeloma antigens other than idiotype and identify the antigens they recognize so that they can be used in future studies. OUTLINE: Patients receive autologous immunoglobulin idiotype-KLH conjugate vaccine combined with sargramostim subcutaneously (SC) in weeks 0, 2, 6, and 10 and sargramostim SC once daily (QD) for three days following each vaccine injection. Some patients also receive aldesleukin SC daily from weeks 2-14. After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months for 1 year and then every 6 months for 1 year.


Minimum age: N/A. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:


- Patients must have a diagnosis of multiple myeloma and be eligible for a Fred

Hutchinson Cancer Research Center (FHCRC) treatment protocol using high dose therapy with syngeneic, allogeneic or autologous marrow or stem cell transplantation

- Pretransplant sera available with immunoglobulin A (IgA), immunoglobulin D (IgD),

immunoglobulin E (IgE), immunoglobulin G (IgG), or immunoglobulin M (IgM) monoclonal paraprotein with a level of 1. 5 grams/dl or greater identifiable on serum protein electrophoresis; eligibility for patients with pretransplant paraprotein levels of less than 1. 5 gm/dl will be evaluated on an individual basis to determine whether purification of idiotype is feasible


- Successful isolation and production of an autologous idiotype vaccine from pre-BMT


- Greater than 60 days post BMT

- Achievement of a partial remission or greater (more than 75% reduction in serum

paraprotein) for patients transplanted in relapse

- Stable absolute neutrophil count (ANC) > 1000

- Platelet count > 50,000 not requiring transfusions or growth factors

- Red blood cell (RBC) supportable to hematocrit (Hct) > 25 with less than 2 units of

packed red blood cell (PRBC)/week

- Treatment with a stable dose of Interferon is allowed

- Karnofsky status > 60 percent

- Immunosuppression:

- Off all corticosteroids

- Either off all immunosuppressive medications or on a stable/tapering dose of

cyclosporin or FK506 only Exclusion Criteria:

- Graft-vs-host disease requiring treatment with corticosteroids

- Serum creatinine > 3. 0

- Uncontrolled infection

- Disease progression

- Presence of medical complication that in the opinion of the investigators would

result in inability to tolerate the vaccination protocol

- Patients with a history of serious adverse reactions to GM-CSF

- Patients with a history of serious adverse reactions to IL-2 will not receive

concurrent IL-2 administration but may receive the Id-KLH vaccine with GM-CSF

Locations and Contacts

Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center/University of Washington Cancer Consortium, Seattle, Washington 98109, United States
Additional Information

Starting date: March 1996
Last updated: May 1, 2015

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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