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24-week Treatment With Lixisenatide in Type 2 Diabetes Insufficiently Controlled With Metformin and Insulin Glargine

Information source: Sanofi
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Intervention: Lixisenatide (AVE0010) (Drug); Placebo (Drug); Insulin glargine (Drug); Pen auto-injector (Device); Metformin (Drug); Thiazolidinedione (TZD) (Drug)

Phase: Phase 3

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: Sanofi

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Clinical Study Operations, Study Director, Affiliation: Sanofi

Summary

The purpose of the study is to evaluate the benefits and risks of lixisenatide (AVE0010), in comparison to placebo, as an add-on treatment to insulin glargine and metformin with or without thiazolidinediones (TZDs), over a period of 24 weeks of treatment. The primary objective is to assess the effects of lixisenatide in comparison to placebo, when added to insulin glargine and metformin, on glycemic control in terms of glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) reduction (absolute change) at Week 24. The secondary objectives are to assess the effects of lixisenatide on the percentage of patients reaching HbA1c less than (<) 7 percent (%) and less than or equal to (<=) 6. 5%, plasma glucose (fasting, postprandial during a standardized meal challenge test, 7-point self monitored profiles), body weight, insulin glargine doses, to evaluate safety and tolerability (including anti-lixisenatide antibody assessment), and to assess the impact on treatment satisfaction using the Diabetes Treatment Satisfaction Questionnaire (state) (DTSQs) in the participating countries where it is validated.

Clinical Details

Official title: A Randomized, Placebo-controlled, 2-arm Parallel-group, Multicenter Study With a 24-week Double-blind Treatment Period Assessing the Efficacy and Safety of Lixisenatide in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Insufficiently Controlled With Insulin Glargine and Metformin

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Absolute Change From Baseline in Glycosylated Hemoglobin (HbA1c) at Week 24

Secondary outcome:

Change From Baseline in 2-Hour Postprandial Plasma Glucose (PPG) at Week 24

Change From Baseline in Glucose Excursion at Week 24

Change From Baseline in Average 7-Point Self Monitored Plasma Glucose (SMPG) Profile at Week 24

Change From Baseline in Body Weight at Week 24

Change From Baseline in Average Insulin Glargine Daily Dose at Week 24

Change From Baseline in Fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG) at Week 24

Percentage of Patients With Glycosylated Hemoglobin (HbA1c) Level Less Than 7% at Week 24

Percentage of Patients With Glycosylated Hemoglobin (HbA1c) Level Less Than or Equal to 6.5% at Week 24

Percentage of Patients Requiring Rescue Therapy During the Double-blind Period

Change From Baseline in Treatment Satisfaction Score (Sum of Items 1, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8 of DTSQ) at Week 24

Detailed description: The study comprises 3 periods:

- An up to 14-week screening period, which includes an up to 2-week screening phase and a

12-week run-in phase with introduction and titration of insulin glargine on top of metformin +/-TZDs.

- At the end of the run-in phase, patients whose HbA1c (centralized assay) is greater

than or equal to (>=) 7% and less than or equal to (<=) 9% and whose mean fasting self-monitored plasma glucose (SMPG) calculated from the self measurements for the 7

days prior to Visit 12 (Week - 1) is <=140 milligram per deciliter (mg/dL) (7. 8

millimole per liter [mmol/L]), would enter a 24-week double-blind randomized treatment period comparing lixisenatide to placebo (on top of insulin glargine + metformin +/- TZDs).

- A 3-day safety follow up period.

Maximum duration is of 39 weeks +/- 7 days.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion criteria:

- Type 2 diabetes mellitus, diagnosed for at least 1 year before screening visit,

insufficiently controlled with insulin glargine and metformin Exclusion criteria:

- HbA1c <7% or greater than (>)10% at screening

- At the time of screening age < legal age of majority

- Pregnant or breastfeeding women or women of childbearing potential with no effective

contraceptive method

- Type 1 diabetes mellitus

- Metformin not at a stable dose of at least 1. 5 gram per day for at least 3 months

prior to the screening visit

- Use of oral or injectable antidiabetic or hypoglycemic agents other than metformin,

sulfonylurea (SU) and TZDs (for example, alpha glucosidase inhibitor, other glucagon like peptide-1 [GLP-1] receptor agonists, dipeptidyl peptidase-IV [DPP-IV] inhibitors, insulin etc.) within 3 months prior to the time of screening, use of weight loss drugs if not at a stable dose for at least 3 months prior to the screening visit

- History of hypoglycemia unawareness

- Body Mass Index (BMI) less than or equal to (<=) 20 kilogram per square meter

(kg/m^2)

- History of unexplained pancreatitis, chronic pancreatitis, pancreatectomy,

stomach/gastric surgery, inflammatory bowel disease, personal or family history of medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) or genetic conditions that predispose to MTC (for example, multiple endocrine neoplasia syndromes)

- History of metabolic acidosis, including diabetic ketoacidosis within 1 year prior to

screening

- Hemoglobinopathy or hemolytic anemia, blood or plasma products transfusion within 3

months prior to the time of screening

- Within the last 6 months prior to screening: history of myocardial infarction,

stroke, or heart failure requiring hospitalization

- Known history of drug or alcohol abuse within 6 months prior to the time of screening

- Any clinically significant abnormality identified on physical examination, laboratory

tests, electrocardiogram or vital signs at the time of screening that in the judgment of the Investigator or any sub investigator precludes safe completion of the study or constrains efficacy assessment such as active malignant tumor or other major systemic diseases, presence of clinically significant diabetic retinopathy or presence of macular edema likely to require laser treatment within the study period

- Uncontrolled or inadequately controlled hypertension at the time of screening with a

resting systolic or diastolic blood pressure >180 millimeter of mercury (mmHg) or >110 mmHg, respectively

- Laboratory findings at the time of screening: amylase and/or lipase, alanine

aminotransferase >3 times upper limit of the normal (ULN) laboratory range; total bilirubin: >1. 5 times ULN (except in case of Gilbert's syndrome); hemoglobin <11 gram/deciliter and/or neutrophils <1500 per cubic millimeter (mm^3) and/or platelets <100 000/mm^3; positive test for Hepatitis B surface antigen and/or Hepatitis C antibody, positive serum pregnancy test in females of childbearing potential; and calcitonin >=20 picogram per milliliter (pg/mL) (5. 9 picomole per milliliter [pmol/L])

- Patients who are considered by the Investigator or any sub investigator as

inappropriate for this study for any reason (for example, impossibility to meet specific protocol requirements, such as scheduled visits, being able to do self-injections, likelihood of requiring treatment during the screening phase and treatment phase with drugs not permitted by the clinical study protocol, patient being investigator or any sub investigator, pharmacist, study coordinator, other study staff or relative thereof directly involved in the conduct of the protocol etc.)

- Use of systemic glucocorticoids (excluding topical application or inhaled forms) for

one week or more within 3 months prior to the time of screening

- Use of any investigational drug within 3 months prior to screening

- Renal impairment defined with serum creatinine > 1. 4 mg/dL in women and > 1. 5 mg/dL

in men

- History of hypersensitivity to insulin glargine or to any of the excipients

- Clinically relevant history of gastrointestinal disease associated with prolonged

nausea and vomiting, including (but not limited to): gastroparesis, unstable (that is, worsening) and not controlled (that is, prolonged nausea and vomiting) gastroesophageal reflux disease requiring medical treatment, within 6 months prior to the time of screening

- Any previous treatment with lixisenatide (for example, participation in a previous

study with lixisenatide)

- Allergic reaction to any GLP-1 receptor agonist in the past (for example, exenatide,

liraglutide) or to metacresol

- Additional exclusion criteria during or at the end of the run-in phase before

randomization: informed consent withdrawal (patient who was not willing to continue or failed to return), mean fasting SMPG calculated from the self-measurements for the

7 days prior to Visit 12 (Week - 1) was >140 mg/dL (7. 8 mmol/L) and HbA1c measured at

Visit 12 (Week - 1) is <7% or >9%, amylase and/or lipase > 3 times the ULN at Visit 12

(Week - 1), patients with fasting plasma glucose (FPG) above the threshold value

described for rescue (that is, FPG >240 mg/dL [13. 3 mmol/L]), patients with any adverse event, which, by the judgment of the Investigator precludes the inclusion in the double-blind randomized treatment phase, and lack of compliance to protocol or to insulin glargine treatment during the run-in phase

Locations and Contacts

Sanofi-Aventis Investigational Site Number 032204, Buenos Aires, Argentina

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Additional Information

Starting date: October 2009
Last updated: April 9, 2014

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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