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Propranolol in Capillary Hemangiomas

Information source: University Hospital, Bordeaux
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Hemangioma, Capillary

Intervention: propranolol treatment (Drug); placebo treatment (Drug)

Phase: Phase 2/Phase 3

Status: Terminated

Sponsored by: University Hospital, Bordeaux

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Nicholas Moore, Professor, Study Chair, Affiliation: University Hospital Bordeaux, France


The investigators observed that Propranolol, a beta-blocker commonly used in children was efficient to control the growth of alarming hemangiomas of the face. The primary objective of this study is to determine the efficiency of 1 month-early treatment of propranolol in infants aged less than 4 months affected by an hemangioma without any consequences on vital or functional structure and not justifying corticosteroids. The secondary objectives are:

- the kinetic of the hemangioma evolution in infants treated by propranolol

- Observance

- Safety

Clinical Details

Official title: Double Blind, Randomised, Placebo-controlled Study of Propranolol in Infantile Capillary Hemangiomas

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Proportion of hemangioma thickness variation measured by ultrasonography from the basal state between the two groups after 1 month-treatment.

Secondary outcome:

Proportion of hemangioma size variation measured clinically and with photography from the basal state between the two groups after 1 month-treatment.


Detailed description: Infantile hemangiomas are frequent vascular tumors (4 à 10 % of the neonates) and correspond to 100 new cases per year in dermatology consultation of the CHU of Bordeaux. Hemangiomas have a characteristic clinical course marked by early proliferation during 3 to 12 months followed by slow and spontaneous involution from 3 to 7 years. Occasionally, as well as esthetical damages, hemangiomas may impair vital structures, ulcerate, bleed, or cause high-output cardiac failure or significant structural abnormalities. Standard treatments (corticotherapy, interferon, vincristine…) lead to a stagnation of hemangiomas in some cases, but with frequent side effects. We observed that Propranolol, a beta-blocker usually used in neonates could lead to a decreased in volume of serious haemangiomas of the face (article published in New England Journal of Medicine). In this study, we proposed to determine the efficiency of 1 month-early treatment of propranolol in neonates aged less than 4 months affected by non alarming hemangioma and not justifying corticotherapy. This is a double blind randomized placebo controlled study of propranolol. Infants will be recruited from the dermatology consultation of CHU Bordeaux. After verification of eligibility criteria and informed consent of legal surrogates, infants will be randomized to receive either propranolol or either placebo. The infants will be observed during 1 month according to the following visits.


Minimum age: N/A. Maximum age: 4 Months. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Infant aged less than 4 months

- Infant with one or more hemangiomas sized more than 1 cm diameter

- Infant not threatening for vital or functional structure and for which no treatment

would be proposed

- Informed consent

- Patient with social insurance.

Exclusion Criteria:

- Alarming hemangioma (s) (complicated forms or localization at risk)

- Cardiac pathology (cardiac malformation, heart failure, cardiac arrhythmias,

pulmonary hypertension)

- Asthma

- Bronchopulmonary dysplasia

- Bronchiolitis

- Raynaud syndrome

- Phéochromocytoma

- Development of serious form of hemangioma (bleeding, necrosis, ulceration, infection,

respiratory distress) requiring standard treatment

Locations and Contacts

Dermatologie Pédiatrique, Bordeaux 33 076, France
Additional Information

Related publications:

Léauté-Labrèze C, Dumas de la Roque E, Hubiche T, Boralevi F, Thambo JB, Taïeb A. Propranolol for severe hemangiomas of infancy. N Engl J Med. 2008 Jun 12;358(24):2649-51. doi: 10.1056/NEJMc0708819.

Tortoriello TA, Snyder CS, Smith EO, Fenrich AL Jr, Friedman RA, Kertesz NJ. Frequency of recurrence among infants with supraventricular tachycardia and comparison of recurrence rates among those with and without preexcitation and among those with and without response to digoxin and/or propranolol therapy. Am J Cardiol. 2003 Nov 1;92(9):1045-9.

Villain E, Denjoy I, Lupoglazoff JM, Guicheney P, Hainque B, Lucet V, Bonnet D. Low incidence of cardiac events with beta-blocking therapy in children with long QT syndrome. Eur Heart J. 2004 Aug;25(16):1405-11.

Kilian K. Hypertension in neonates causes and treatments. J Perinat Neonatal Nurs. 2003 Jan-Mar;17(1):65-74; quiz 75-6. Review.

Fritz KI, Bhat AM. Effect of beta-blockade on symptomatic dexamethasone-induced hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy in premature infants: three case reports and literature review. J Perinatol. 1998 Jan-Feb;18(1):38-44. Review.

Starting date: October 2008
Last updated: July 18, 2012

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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