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Does Optimal Control of Pre-Operative Chronic and Acute Pain Predict Improved Function After Orthopedic Surgery?

Information source: Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre
Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on November 03, 2008
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Osteoarthritis

Intervention: Pregabalin, Celecoxib (Drug)

Phase: Phase 3

Status: Not yet recruiting

Sponsored by: Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre

Overall contact:
Colin McCartney, MBChB FRCA FRCPC, Phone: 416-480-6100, Ext: 3230, Email: colin.mccartney@utoronto.ca

Summary

Despite the development of new pain medications, the prevalence of persistent postoperative pain (for more than three to six months) remains alarmingly high. Chronic pain and reduced function after surgery are of great concern since they have a significant impact on a patient's quality of life and are costly to society in terms of longer hospital stays and lost work days. An important risk factor for chronic pain and reduced function after surgery is the amount of pain patients experience immediately after surgery which is highly influenced by the amount of pain patients have preoperatively. For many patients, longstanding pain prior to surgery is common and thus can compromise the outcome of the procedure. Therefore, the aim of this study is to reduce the amount of pain patients have before they undergo surgery by administering a novel pain-relieving regimen in the weeks before surgery. Crucially, this treatment will be continued for three weeks after surgery to reduce pain that arises from the surgical trauma. The novel regimen will include a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory (celecoxib) and the alpha2 delta ligand, pregabalin. This drug combination will provide the best opportunity to target several key sites in the pain pathway. This regimen will be tested in patients with pain related to osteoarthritis and who are undergoing orthopedic (hip) surgery because chronic preoperative pain is common in these patients and is the main reason for undergoing surgery. The goal of this research proposal is to adequately manage pain before and after surgery in order to improve function weeks after surgery. If controlling pain in this way does lead to improved long term postoperative function the findings from this study may lead to the development of a standardized regimen. This is highly relevant not only for orthopedic procedures but following other common surgical procedures which would be of great benefit to patients and the entire healthcare system.

Clinical Details

Official title: Does Optimal Pain Control With Pregabalin and Celecoxib Predict Improved Function After Total Hip Arthroplasty?

Study design: Treatment, Randomized, Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Parallel Assignment

Primary outcome: Physical function

Secondary outcome: Pain

Eligibility

Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 75 Years. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Provision of informed consent

- American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I-III

- Average daily VAS ≥ 4

- Aged 18 - 75 years

- Male or female

- Scheduled for total hip arthroplasty (THA).

Exclusion Criteria:

- Allergy to study medications or local anesthetics

- History of drug or alcohol abuse

- Patients with chronic pain on slow-release preparations of opioid (>30mg morphine

equivalent per day)

- Patients with rheumatoid arthritis

- Patients with psychiatric disorders

- Patients unable or unwilling to use Patient Controlled Analgesia (PCA).

- Diabetic patients or those with impaired renal function (Creatinine > 55)

- Obese patients (i. e. BMI > 40).

Locations and Contacts

Colin McCartney, MBChB FRCA FRCPC, Phone: 416-480-6100, Ext: 3230, Email: colin.mccartney@utoronto.ca

Additional Information

Starting date: January 2008
Ending date: June 2009
Last updated: January 7, 2008

Page last updated: November 03, 2008

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