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Long-Term Lithium Treatment for Aggressive Conduct Disorder

Information source: Drexel University
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Conduct Disorder; Aggression

Intervention: Lithium (Drug); Placebo (Drug)

Phase: Phase 3

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: Drexel University

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Richard P. Malone, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Drexel University College of Medicine


This study will examine the long-term effects of lithium used to treat children and adolescents with aggressive conduct disorder (severe aggression).

Clinical Details

Official title: Long-Term Lithium for Aggressive Conduct Disorder

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome:

Overt Aggression Scale-Modified

Clinical Global Impressions-Improvement Item

Secondary outcome:

Children's Psychiatric Rating Scale-Selected Items




Detailed description: Psychotherapeutic agents are often administered without sufficient testing to children and adolescents, often on a long-term basis, to reduce aggression. Many pressures, including managed care, will increase the utilization of pharmacotherapy in the outpatient setting to treat serious problems. Lithium is the most promising agent for the treatment of aggression in children and adolescents. However, it has not been shown that lithium is an effective treatment for these patients in the outpatient (non-hospital) setting, or on a long-term basis. The purpose of this study is to examine the long-term effects of lithium used to treat children and adolescents with aggressive conduct disorder (severe aggression). The proposed study is a two-phased clinical trial of lithium for the treatment of aggression in conduct disorder. Both phases are double-blind and placebo-controlled with randomization and employ a parallel groups design. Phase 1 contains a short-term 8-week controlled trial, with twice as many subjects randomized to lithium as placebo, increasing the pool of potential lithium responders to continue to Phase 2. In Phase 2, lithium responders from Phase 1 enter a 6-month long-term controlled trial. Every attempt is made to define responders to lithium.


Minimum age: 9 Years. Maximum age: 17 Years. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria: 1. Males and females 2. Ages between 9 and 17 years. 3. Conduct disorder according to DSM-IV (As rated on the DICA-IV). 4. The aggression criterion at screening Exclusion Criteria: 1. Mental Retardation. 2. Pervasive Developmental Disorder(s). 3. Major Depressive Disorder or Dysthymic Disorder. 4. Bipolar Disorder. 5. Psychotic Disorder (including Schizophreniform Disorder and Schizophrenia). 6. Major medical problem such as cardiac, renal, and thyroid diseases, or seizure disorder. 7. History of psychoactive medication in the previous 2 weeks. 8. Current Pregnancy in females. 9. History of Substance Dependence in the past month. 10. Prior to the proposed study, a history of lithium treatment with serum lithium levels of 0. 4 mEq/L or higher for a cumulative period of greater than 10 days.

Locations and Contacts

Drexel University College of Medicine at Friends Hospital, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19124, United States
Additional Information

Starting date: September 1997
Last updated: November 25, 2013

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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