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Gamma Knife Dosimetric Differences, TMR 10 Versus Convolution Algorithm

Information source: University College, London
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Gamma Knife Radiosurgery

Intervention: Gamma knife radiosurgery re-planning with convolution algorithm (Other)

Phase: N/A

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: University College, London

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Neil Kitchen, Study Chair, Affiliation: The National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery

Overall contact:
Alvaro Villabona, Phone: +4402034484076, Email: a.villabona.11@ucl.ac.uk


Gamma Knife Radiosurgery (GKR) is a well established treatment modality for brain tumors and functional disorders of the brain. It relies on mathematical algorithms to predict dose distribution and to calculate the dose at arbitrary points in the head. For the last 25 years, doses applied using Gamma Knife Radiosurgery have been calculated using a simple algorithm, called the Tissue Maximum Ratio algorithm (TMR). Dose planning using this algorithm, relies on a number of approximations to enable fast isodose computation during treatment planning. One of the most significant of these is the approximation of the head to water-equivalent density. The increased electron density of brain and bone (relative to water) and the near-zero density of air cavities in the skull may make significant perturbations to isodose and beam-on time calculations. With the advent of faster workstations, the effect of tissue in-homogeneities can finally be calculated in reasonable time during the treatment planning process; a newer, more modern algorithm known as convolution algorithm is now commercially available. It uses the values of density indicated in the CT scan to predict the dose distribution and is expected to more accurately calculate radiation dose, although it needs further investigation before clinical implementation. Inter- and intra-indication differences between the old and new algorithms need to be understood before this method can be confidently employed in a clinical setting. It is the aim of this study to understand the dosimetric differences between these dose calculation algorithms and to evaluate the implications of using the convolution algorithm for GKR. A large number of treatments will be re-planned using the convolution algorithm and compared to the TMR plans used to treat the patients. Beam-on-time, which is proportional to dose and a number of commonly used metrics for the targets such as coverage, selectivity, gradient index, and mean and maximum dose, will be estimated with both algorithms. Subgroup analysis will be done to assess whether any factor such as diagnosis, size of the head or location of the target could impact on the relative difference between the methods. The treatment plans will be compared and the potential implications on treatment planning will be elucidated.

Clinical Details

Official title: Evaluation of Dosimetric Differences Between the TMR 10 and Convolution Algorithm for Gamma Knife Radiosurgery Planning

Study design: Time Perspective: Prospective

Primary outcome: Beam-on time (difference in the Beam-on-time of the treatment plans obtained using TMR 10 and convolution algorithm for each lesion treated)


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Adult patients receiving Gamma Knife treatment for any diagnosis in the Gamma Knife

centre at QSRC.

- The subject consents to participate in the study and consent to have a stereotactic

non contrast CT scan of the brain after GKR has finished. Exclusion Criteria:

- Inability to consent

- Younger than 18 years of age: Children are not eligible to give consent by themselves

and at the moment only adults are being treated at the QSRC.

- Patient is not suitable for CT scan: There are no absolute clinical contraindications

for CT scan. However, for the purpose of the study, pregnancy is considered an absolute contraindication. Claustrophobia or anxiety disorders are considered a relative contraindication; however, this is more likely to affect the subject ability to tolerate Gamma Knife treatment and MRI scanning, which would make the patient not eligible or the study.

- Co-morbidity or previous treatment in the patient is not to be considered as

exclusion criteria.

Locations and Contacts

Alvaro Villabona, Phone: +4402034484076, Email: a.villabona.11@ucl.ac.uk

The Gamma Knife Centre at Queen Square, London, London,City of WC1N 3BG, United Kingdom; Recruiting
Alvaro Villabona, Phone: +44 02034484076, Email: a.villabona.11@ucl.ac.uk
Neil Kitchen, MD,FRCS(SN), Principal Investigator
Ian Paddick, MIPM,MSc, Sub-Investigator
Alvaro Villabona, MBBS,MSc, Sub-Investigator
Additional Information

Starting date: October 2013
Last updated: February 27, 2015

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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