DrugLib.com — Drug Information Portal

Rx drug information, pharmaceutical research, clinical trials, news, and more

A Study on the Biobehavioral Mechanisms of Baclofen and Alcohol Drinking

Information source: Brown University
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 20, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Alcoholism

Intervention: Baclofen (Drug); Cyproheptadine (Drug)

Phase: Phase 2

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: Brown University

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Lorenzo Leggio, M.D., M.Sc., Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Brown University Center for Alcohol and Addiction Studies


This pilot trial has the goal to demonstrate the feasibility of a study to test the effects of baclofen in a laboratory experiment using cue-reactivity and alcohol-self administration paradigms in non-treatment seeking alcohol-dependent subjects.

Clinical Details

Official title: A Pilot Study on the Biobehavioral Mechanisms of Baclofen and Alcohol Drinking

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome:

Alcohol Urge

Alcohol Drinking


Minimum age: 21 Years. Maximum age: 65 Years. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- must be male or female between 21 and 65 years old (inclusive).

- participants must meet criteria for current Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of

Mental Disorders, fourth edition, text revision (DSM-IV-TR) diagnosis of alcohol dependence, supported by the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV-TR Axis I Disorders Patient Edition (SCID-I/P).

- participants must meet criteria for heavy drinking, defined as averaging ≥4

drinks/day for women and ≥5 drinks/day for men during a consecutive 30-day period within the 90 days prior to baseline evaluation (see: Anton et al, 2006). The gender-specific baseline was chosen as it represents heavy drinking that exceeds empirically based levels of moderate alcohol use that result in alcohol-related problems for women who consume ≥4 drinks/day, and men who consume ≥5 drinks/day (Sanchez-Craig et al, 1995).

- participants must be in good health as confirmed by medical history, physical

examination, ECG, lab tests.

- females must be postmenopausal for at least one year, surgically sterile, or

practicing an effective method of birth control before entry and throughout the study; have a negative urine pregnancy test at each visit.

- participants must be willing to take oral medication and adhere to the study

procedures. Exclusion criteria:

- individuals expressing interest in treatment for alcoholism.

- pregnancy or breast feeding women or not using an adequate form of birth control

- positive urine drug screen at baseline for any illegal substance (a urine drug screen

may be repeated once during the screening period).

- individuals diagnosed with a current substance dependence diagnosis, other than

alcohol or nicotine.

- meet DSM-IV Axis I criteria for a lifetime diagnosis of schizophrenia, bipolar

disorder, or other psychoses.

- an active illness within the past 6 months of Visit 1 that meet the DSM-IV criteria

for a diagnosis of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) or Anxiety Disorder. Subjects with a history of suicide will be excluded.

- clinically significant medical abnormalities (i. e., unstable hypertension, ECG,

bilirubin > 150% of the upper normal limit, ALT or AST elevations >300% the upper normal limit, creatinine clearance ≤ 60 dl/min).

- current use of psychotropic medications that cannot be discontinued that may have an

effect on alcohol consumption or that may interact with baclofen or cyproheptadine.

- medical contraindications for use of baclofen or cyproheptadine.

- a history of adverse reaction or hypersensitivity to baclofen or cyproheptadine.

- individuals with a reasonable expectation of being institutionalized during the

course of the trial.

- participants who have significant alcohol withdrawal symptoms, defined as a Clinical

Institute Withdrawal Assessment for Alcohol (CIWA-Ar) >10.

- history of seizures (e. g. epilepsy).

- subjects who have participated in any behavioral and/or pharmacological study within

the past 90 days.

Locations and Contacts

Brown University Center for Alcohol and Addiction Studies, Providence, Rhode Island 02903, United States
Additional Information

Related publications:

Leggio L, Garbutt JC, Addolorato G. Effectiveness and safety of baclofen in the treatment of alcohol dependent patients. CNS Neurol Disord Drug Targets. 2010 Mar;9(1):33-44. Review.

Evans SM, Bisaga A. Acute interaction of baclofen in combination with alcohol in heavy social drinkers. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2009 Jan;33(1):19-30. doi: 10.1111/j.1530-0277.2008.00805.x. Epub 2008 Oct 6.

Addolorato G, Leggio L, Ferrulli A, Cardone S, Vonghia L, Mirijello A, Abenavoli L, D'Angelo C, Caputo F, Zambon A, Haber PS, Gasbarrini G. Effectiveness and safety of baclofen for maintenance of alcohol abstinence in alcohol-dependent patients with liver cirrhosis: randomised, double-blind controlled study. Lancet. 2007 Dec 8;370(9603):1915-22.

Addolorato G, Leggio L, Abenavoli L, Agabio R, Caputo F, Capristo E, Colombo G, Gessa GL, Gasbarrini G. Baclofen in the treatment of alcohol withdrawal syndrome: a comparative study vs diazepam. Am J Med. 2006 Mar;119(3):276.e13-8.

Addolorato G, Leggio L, Abenavoli L, DeLorenzi G, Parente A, Caputo F, Janiri L, Capristo E, Rapaccini GL, Gasbarrini G. Suppression of alcohol delirium tremens by baclofen administration: a case report. Clin Neuropharmacol. 2003 Sep-Oct;26(5):258-62.

Addolorato G, Leggio L, Abenavoli L, Caputo F, Gasbarrini G. Tolerance to baclofen's sedative effect in alcohol-addicted patients: no dissipation after a period of abstinence. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2005 Mar;178(2-3):351-2. Epub 2004 Sep 30.

Colombo G, Addolorato G, Agabio R, Carai MA, Pibiri F, Serra S, Vacca G, Gessa GL. Role of GABA(B) receptor in alcohol dependence: reducing effect of baclofen on alcohol intake and alcohol motivational properties in rats and amelioration of alcohol withdrawal syndrome and alcohol craving in human alcoholics. Neurotox Res. 2004;6(5):403-14. Review.

Addolorato G, Caputo F, Capristo E, Domenicali M, Bernardi M, Janiri L, Agabio R, Colombo G, Gessa GL, Gasbarrini G. Baclofen efficacy in reducing alcohol craving and intake: a preliminary double-blind randomized controlled study. Alcohol Alcohol. 2002 Sep-Oct;37(5):504-8.

Starting date: December 2009
Last updated: October 15, 2013

Page last updated: August 20, 2015

-- advertisement -- The American Red Cross
Home | About Us | Contact Us | Site usage policy | Privacy policy

All Rights reserved - Copyright DrugLib.com, 2006-2017