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Mitoxantrone and G-CSF in Treating Patients With Metastatic Prostate Cancer

Information source: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Prostate Cancer

Intervention: filgrastim (Biological); mitoxantrone hydrochloride (Drug)

Phase: Phase 1/Phase 2

Status: Active, not recruiting

Sponsored by: Hope Cancer Institute, Inc.

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Raj Sadasivan, MD, PhD, Study Chair, Affiliation: Hope Cancer Institute, Inc.


RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining chemotherapy with G-CSF may make tumor cells more sensitive to the chemotherapy drug and may kill more tumor cells. PURPOSE: Phase I/II trial to study the effectiveness of mitoxantrone plus G-CSF in treating patients with metastatic prostate cancer that has not responded to hormone therapy.

Clinical Details

Official title: A Phase I/II Trial Using Weekly Mitoxantrone Chemotherapy and G-CSF for the Treatment of Metastatic Hormone Refractory Prostate Cancer

Study design: Primary Purpose: Treatment

Detailed description: OBJECTIVES: I. Study the effectiveness of mitoxantrone in patients with metastatic, hormone refractory prostate cancer. II. Assess the side effects of mitoxantrone in this patient population. III. Determine whether filgrastim (granulocyte colony-stimulating factor; G-CSF) treatment can overcome chronic bone marrow suppression and facilitate a dose intensive mitoxantrone chemotherapy regimen in this patient population. OUTLINE: This is a dose escalation study. Patients receive a 30 minute intravenous infusion of mitoxantrone once a week on day 1. On days 2-6 of each week, patients receive subcutaneous filgrastim (granulocyte colony-stimulating factor; G-CSF). Treatment continues for patients who respond to therapy and exhibit no disease progression. Dose escalation proceeds until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of mitoxantrone with G-CSF support is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 or more patients experience dose limiting toxicity. After the MTD is determined, an additional 20-40 patients are enrolled at this dose level to examine their response to this therapy. PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 12-24 patients will be accrued for the phase I portion of this protocol. An additional 20-40 patients may be accrued for the phase II portion of this study.


Minimum age: N/A. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Male.


DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically confirmed hormone refractory adenocarcinoma of the prostate Metastatic disease required PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: Not specified Performance status: SWOG 0-2 Life expectancy: Greater than 12 weeks Hematopoietic: Absolute granulocyte count greater than 1500/mm3 Platelet count greater than 100,000/mm3 Hepatic: Bilirubin less than 2. 0 mg/dL SGOT less than 2 times normal Renal: Creatinine less than 1. 5 mg/dL Cardiovascular: Must have adequate cardiac function (LVEF at least 40%) Other: No other malignancy except skin lesions that have been completely excised No prior hypersensitivity to E. coli derived products PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: Not specified Chemotherapy: No prior chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: See Disease Characteristics At least 1 month since LHRH agonist and/or flutamide Radiotherapy: No concurrent radiotherapy No prior extensive radiotherapy (such as whole pelvic irradiation) Surgery: Not specified

Locations and Contacts

Bethany Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas 66102, United States

Heartland Cancer Research and Treatment Center, Kansas City, Kansas 66106, United States

Additional Information

Clinical trial summary from the National Cancer Institute's PDQ® database

Starting date: March 1997
Last updated: December 3, 2013

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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