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Pilot Comparative Bioavailability Study of 6Mercaptopurine (Delayed Release vs. Purinethol) in Crohns Disease Patients

Information source: Teva GTC
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Crohns Disease

Intervention: Delayed Release 6 mercaptopurine (Drug); 6 Mercaptopurine (Drug)

Phase: Phase 1

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: Teva GTC

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Yaron Ilan, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Hadassah Medical Center


The study is being conducted to evaluate the pharmacokinetic parameters (Cmax, Tmax and AUC) of the new delayed release, lowered dose, 40 mg 6MP test formulation as compared to standard 6MP (100 mg Purinethol) in 12 patients with Crohn's Disease. The study is being undertaken to prove that the new test formulation is indeed delayed-release and targeted to the ileum, and that the levels of 6MP in the blood following local absorption are lower than that seen following standard Purinethol dosing. This should result in lower, safer mercaptopurine dosing, allowing for uninterrupted treatment with fewer side effects.

Clinical Details

Official title: Pilot, Randomized, Open-Label, Two-Way Crossover Comparative Bioavailability Study of 40 mg Delayed Release Oral 6Mercaptopurine Versus 100 mg Purinethol in Patients With Crohns Disease

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics/Dynamics Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor)

Primary outcome: PK parameters: AUC, Cmax and Tmax

Secondary outcome: FACS analysis of peripheral blood lymphocytes following single dose of test vs. reference formulation

Detailed description: A new delayed release, faster-disintegrating, lower dose oral formulation of 6 mercaptopurine for targeted delivery to the ileum (the most commonly effected area of Crohns Disease (CD) bowel involvement), was developed and shown to be effective in the three efficacy parameters evaluated in a small group of Crohns Disease patients. Twelve weeks of daily treatment with once-nightly dosing of 40 mg local 6MP resulted in: (1) inducing clinical remission (CDAI scores below 150 as early as weeks 2 and 4), (2) effecting local mucosal healing (as evidenced by lowered CDEIS scores and descriptive conolonoscopy reports) and (3) reducing systemic immunological scores (lowered IFN-gamma Elispot levels). The current study is being undertaken to confirm, via pharmacokinetic profiles (Cmax, AUC and Tmax), the underlying premises of the above-noted clinical feasibility study. This PK study is being conducted to establish that (1) The delayed release test formulation delivers drug distally to the lower intestine and (2) The delayed release test formulation has the potential for reduced systemic toxicity. The first aspect will be established by comparing the Tmax of the delayed release test formulation vs. oral Purinethol, while the second aspect will be established by comparing the Cmax and AUC of the 40 mg test dose vs. standard 100 mg Purinethol. It is anticipated that the delayed release test formulation will exhibit a later Tmax and reduced Cmax and AUC as compared to reference Purinethol. Additionally, immunology testing to measure the effect of the new 6MP formulation on immunological FACS analysis will be performed on peripheral blood lymphocytes at 0, 12 and 24 hours post-dosing of each formualtion. Lymphocytes will be tested for surface marker expression (ex: CD3, CD4, CD8, CD25, NKT, etc.), with anticipated results a greater lowering of immune parameters after even 1 dose of 40 mg delayed release test drug, as compared to 100 mg Purinethol.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 50 Years. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- 12 male and non-pregnant females, aged 18-50 years, with Crohns Disease (CDAI up to

200), non-smoking. Crohns Disease diagnosis via colonoscopy with biopsy within the past 12 years No CD medications allowed during study other than 5-ASA and symptomatic relief (anti-diarrheals) Screening lab tests: HGB>= 8. 5 g/dl, platelets >= 100,000/mm3, WBC: 3500-12000/mm3, serum albumin above 2. 5 g/dl, amylase, lipase and total bilirubin within normal limits; ALT, AST, alkaline phosphatase up to 1. 5 x normal limits Exclusion Criteria:

- No more than 2 bowel movements/24 hour period in week prior to screening No patients

on methotrexate, cyclosporine, or other anti-TNF alpha, or anti-neoplastics within 3 months of study start NO fistulizing CD or isolated small bowle CD No symptomatic stenosis or ileal strictures,or x-ray evidnece of fibrosed bowel

Locations and Contacts

Hadassah Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel
Additional Information

Starting date: December 2008
Last updated: July 16, 2009

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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