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The Effects of Ambrisentan on Exercise Capacity in Fontan Patients

Information source: Washington University School of Medicine
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Single Ventricle Fontan Palliation

Intervention: Ambrisentan (Drug)

Phase: Phase 4

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: Washington University School of Medicine

Summary

Hypothesis: Patients with a Fontan type palliation are limited by preload, or the rate at which blood returns to the heart after passively traversing the pulmonary capillary bed. By decreasing pulmonary vascular resistance using an endothelin receptor antagonist, both ventricular filling pressures and volumes will increase with a simultaneous decrease in systemic impedance to flow and decrease in central venous pressures, leading to an improved capacity to increase cardiac output, and thereby an improvement in patient functional status. Patients who are candidates for the study will be randomized to a double-blind single crossover study. Therapy with either ambrisentan or placebo will be continued for 12 weeks, with a 2 week washout period between treatment periods. Subjects will be subjected to a VO2 max test to evaluate exercise capacity at enrolment, and on the last day of each treatment period. As a component of the VO2 max testing the patient's VE, VCO2, VE/VCO2 slope, ventilatory anaerobic threshold (VAT), peak work, efficiency, and other physiologic parameters as typically obtained from cardiopulmonary testing will be assessed. In addition, each patient will be asked to complete an SF-36 quality of life questionnaire at enrollment, and on the last day of each study period.

Clinical Details

Official title: The Effects of Ambrisentan on Exercise Capacity in Fontan Patients

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Change in VO2 max

Secondary outcome: Quality of Life

Eligibility

Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 50 Years. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: 1. Patients over 18 years of age followed at the Center for Adults with Congenital Heart Disease at Washington University School of Medicine or at Saint Louis Childrens Hospital who have had a Fontan-type of palliation with single ventricular physiology. 2. Patients must not within the last year have been treated with an endothelin receptor antagonist, phosphodiesterase 5 antagonist, or prostacyclin analogue. 3. Female patients must not be pregnant, and during the study period must be using effective contraception (including barrier method with spermicide, intrauterine device, implanon, oral contraceptives) if fertile. 4. In the physicians opinion patients must be able to complete a VO2 max test to achieve an RER of >1. 0 5. In the physicians opinion patients must be socially and intellectually able to adhere to the treatment regimen and follow-up 6. Patients must be intellectually able to reliably complete an SF-36 questionnaire on quality of life. 7. Patients must be clinically stable for at least 3 months prior to enrolment. 8. Patients must not have had surgery within 6 months prior to enrolment, and have no planned surgery for the study period. 9. Patients must provide informed consent.

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Exclusion Criteria: 1. Patients under 18 years of age. 2. Patients who are pregnant, nursing, or who in the physician's opinion are likely to become pregnant. 3. Patients who are clinically unstable. 4. Patients who have previously been treated with either an endothelin receptor antagonist and stopped due to adverse side effects. 5. Patients with an AST or ALT of >3 x normal. 6. Patients having any known contraindication to the initiation of ambrisentan. 7. Patients with a calculated creatinine clearance of <60ml/min 8. Patients with a serum hemoglobin concentration of <10mg/dl 9. Patients with a poorly controlled cardiac arrhythmia 10. Patients who are unable to provide independent informed consent.

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Locations and Contacts

Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, Missouri 63110, United States
Additional Information

Starting date: August 2012
Last updated: June 1, 2015

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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