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To Evaluate the Safety, Activity and Pharmacokinetics of Marqibo in Children and Adolescents With Refractory Cancer

Information source: Spectrum Pharmaceuticals, Inc
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Sarcoma; Neuroblastoma; Wilms Tumor; Leukemia; Lymphoma; Brain Tumors

Intervention: Marqibo (Drug)

Phase: Phase 1/Phase 2

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: Spectrum Pharmaceuticals, Inc

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Allen Wayne, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: National Cancer Institute (NCI)



- Marqibo(Registered Trademark) is a new anticancer drug. It combines Vincristine

sulfate, which is a widely used anticancer drug, and packages it into a tiny fat bubble known as a liposome. The goal of this is to improve the drug's ability to destroy cancer cells and help reduce the potential side effects of treatment.

- Vincristine sulfate was originally developed from chemicals found in the periwinkle

plant and acts against multiple types of malignant cancer. It is approved for multiple cancer types including solid tumors and blood cancers.

- Research has shown that Marqibo(Registered Trademark) is able to slow or stop the

growth of cancer cells in some adults, both alone and in combination with other chemotherapy drugs, but more research is needed to determine its use in children.

- There has been one previous small study of Marqibo(Registered Trademark) in children.

Although some anti-cancer activity was seen, side effects and optimal dosing were not fully determined.

- As is seen with standard Vincristine suflate, the most common side effect of

Marqibo(Registered Trademark) involves the nervous system. It can cause numbness and tingling in the hands and feet. Symptoms commonly improve when the drug is discontinued or the dose is lowered. Objectives:

- To determine the safety and efficacy of Marqibo as a treatment for children who have been

diagnosed with certain types of malignant cancer that has not responded to standard treatment. Eligibility:

- Children and adolescents between 2 and 21 years of age who have been diagnosed with

certain types of malignant cancer that has not responded to standard treatment.

- These cancer types include solids tumors, primary brain tumors, leukemias, and


Clinical Details

Official title: Phase I Trial to Evaluate the Safety, Activity and Pharmacokinetics of Marqibo(Registered Trademark) (Vincristine Sulfate Liposomes Injection) in Children and Adolescents With Refractory Cancer

Study design: Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Define the toxicity spectrum of Marqibo in children with cancer

Secondary outcome:

At the pediatric MTD of Marqibo, assess additional safety, tolerability and potential activity in subjects with refractory or relapsed ALL.

Evaluate the plasma pharmacokinetics of Marqibo in children with cancer.

Detailed description: BACKGROUND

- Vincristine sulfate is a widely used antineoplastic agent of the alkaloid class of

drugs derived from the periwinkle plant (Vinca rosea Linn.). It has activity against a wide number of malignancies. It is a cell-cycle-specific agent that arrests cell growth in the M-phase (metaphase) by binding specifically with tubulin and disrupting cell division. Its dose limiting toxicity (DLT) is virtually always neurological.

- Investigations over the past two decades have demonstrated that liposomal drug carriers

are capable of increasing the therapeutic index of anticancer drugs by altering the drug s pharmacological behavior.

- Marqibo(Registered Trademark) is vincristine encapsulated in sphingomyelin/cholesterol

(SM/CHOL) liposomes, developed to increase the activity of vincristine. It has been shown to have activity in Phase 2 studies in adults. Previous investigation of Marqibo(Registered Trademark) in children is limited. A small phase 2 study was conducted with dosing of 2. 0mg/m2 every 14 days. The agent appeared to be well tolerated and some activity was seen, although data were quite limited. OBJECTIVES

- To define the maximum tolerated dose (MTD), toxicity profile, dose-limiting toxicities,

and pharmacokinetics in children and adolescents with solid tumors or hematologic malignancies receiving weekly intravenous doses of Marqibo(Registered Trademark).

- To define the tolerability and potential activity of Marqibo(Registered Trademark) in

children and adolescents with relapsed or refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) at the pediatric MTD. ELIGIBILITY

- Children and adolescents (greater than or equal to 2 years and < 21 years of age) with

histologically confirmed relapsed or refractory malignant disease that is measurable or evaluable. DESIGN

- Marqibo(Registered Trademark) will be administered intravenously over 60 minutes (+ or

- 10 minutes) every 7 days (+ or - 3 days) (Days 1, 8, 15, 22) for four doses (1 cycle).

Cycles may be repeated every 28 days for a maximum of 6 cycles; additional cycles may be offered with evidence of acceptable toxicity and clinical benefit.

- The trial follows a standard phase I design with 3 to 6 subjects per dose level and

standard definitions of MTD and DLT. At the MTD, a total of 6 additional subjects with relapsed or refractory ALL will be evaluated.

- Detailed pharmacokinetic studies will be performed during the first treatment cycle.


Minimum age: 2 Years. Maximum age: 20 Years. Gender(s): Both.



AGE: Subjects must be greater than or equal to 2 years and < 21 years of age. DIAGNOSIS: Histologically confirmed solid tumors, which may include but are not limited to rhabdomyosarcoma and other soft tissue sarcomas, Ewing sarcoma family of tumors, osteosarcoma, neuroblastoma, Wilms tumor, hepatic tumors, germ cell tumors, and primary brain tumors. In subjects with brain stem or optic gliomas the requirement for histological confirmation may be waived.

- Histologically confirmed diagnosis of hematologic malignancy, including but not limited

to acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), acute myelogenous leukemia (AML), Hodgkin's lymphoma, and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). Isolated CNS or testicular disease is NOT allowed. MEASURABLE/EVALUABLE DISEASE: Subjects must have measurable or evaluable malignant disease. PRIOR THERAPY:

- The subject s cancer must have relapsed after or failed to respond to frontline

curative therapy and there must not be other potentially curative treatment options available to that subject at the time of study entry.

- Subjects must have had their last doses of therapy prior to receiving the first dose

of the investigational agent as follows (provided there is complete recovery from any acute toxic effects of such): 1. Chemotherapy at least 14 days (6 weeks for nitrosoureas); 2. Radiation at least 21 days; 3. Any investigational cancer therapy or monoclonal antibody therapy (e. g., rituximab) at least 30 days. Exceptions to these requirements:

- Intrathecal chemotherapy: There is no time restriction in regard to prior intrathecal

chemotherapy provided there is complete recovery from any acute toxic effects of such.

- Radiation therapy: There is no time restriction in regard to prior radiation provided

the volume of bone marrow treated is less than 10% and that there is measurable disease outside the radiation port.

- Patients receiving corticosteroids or hydroxyurea are eligible provided all of the

following conditions are met.

- Patients with CNS tumors who are managed with steroids are eligible if they are on a

stable or decreasing dose of steroids and have no worsening neurologic deficits for greater than or equal to 7 days prior to registration.

- The subject is not on both corticosteroids and hydroxyurea

- Corticosteroids are not being used to manage GVHD.

- There has been no increase in the hydroxyurea dose for 2 weeks prior to starting


- Subjects must have recovered from the toxic effects (Grade 1 or baseline) of all

prior therapy before entry onto this trial.

- Subjects should be off hematopoietic colony stimulating factors for at least 72 hours

prior to study entry.

- Subjects with prior history of stem cell transplantation must be off

immunosuppressive therapy for at least 4 weeks and have no active graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) with the exception of Grade 1 acute at the time of entry onto this trial. PERFORMANCE STATUS: Subjects have a performance level greater than or equal to 50. HEPATIC FUNCTION: Subjects must have adequate liver function, defined as bilirubin < 2. 0 times the upper limit of normal, SGPT (ALT) and SGOT (AST) < 2. 5 times the upper limit of normal. RENAL FUNCTION: Subjects must have an age-adjusted normal serum creatinine OR a creatinine clearance greater than or equal to 60 mL/min/1. 73 m(2):

- For age less than or equal to 5 - Maximum Serum Creatinine: 0. 8

- For age less than 5 or less than or equal to 10 - Maximum Serum Creatinine: 1. 0

- For age less than 10 or less than or equal to 15 - Maximum Serum Creatinine: 1. 2

- For age greater than 15 - Maximum Serum Creatinine: 1. 5

INFORMED CONSENT/ASSENT: All subjects or their legal guardians (for subjects < 18 years of age) must sign a document of informed consent (POB eligibility screening protocol) prior to performing studies to determine subject eligibility. After confirmation of subject eligibility all subjects or their legal guardians must sign the protocol-specific informed consent to document their understanding of the investigational nature and the risks of this study before any protocol related studies are performed (other than the studies that were performed to determine subject eligibility). Where deemed appropriate by the clinician and the child s parents or guardian, the child will also be included in all discussions about the trial and verbal assent will be obtained. The parent or guardian will sign the designated line on the informed consent attesting to the fact that the child has given assent. DURABLE POWER OF ATTORNEY (DPA): Subjects who have brain tumors and who are 18 years of age will be offered the opportunity to assign a DPA so that another person can make decisions about their medical care if they become incapacitated or cognitively impaired. BIRTH CONTROL: Subjects of childbearing or child-fathering potential must be willing to use a medically acceptable form of birth control, which includes abstinence, while they are being treated on this study. Females of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test within 7 days prior to starting study drug. ADDITIONAL INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR EXPANDED COHORT OF ACUTE LYMPHOBLASTIC LEUKEMIA (ALL) SUBJECTS DIAGNOSIS: Subjects must have a diagnosis of relapsed or refractory ALL or lymphoblastic lymphoma with > 5% marrow blasts (M2 or M3). Isolated CNS or testicular disease is not allowed. If < 5% marrow blasts must have histologically confirmed leukemia in extramedullary organ(s). EXCLUSION CRITERIA Clinically significant unrelated systemic illness, such as uncontrolled serious infection or organ dysfunction, which in the judgment of protocol investigators would compromise the subject s ability to tolerate the investigational agent or interfere with the study procedures or results. This includes any condition or circumstance that in the opinion of the investigator would significantly interfere with the subject s protocol compliance and put the subject at increased risk. CNS leukemia or lymphoma as manifested by any of the following:

- CSF WBC > 5/microL and confirmation of CSF blasts.

- Cranial neuropathies deemed secondary to underlying malignancy

- CT or MRI scan evidence.

* Note: History of CNS involvement is not an exclusion criterion.

- Neutrophil count < 1,000/microL or platelet count of < 50,000/microL (except for the

expanded ALL cohort, where there is no blood count requirement).

- Pregnant or breast-feeding females are excluded because Marqibo(Registered Trademark)

may be harmful to the developing fetus or nursing child.

- Currently receiving other investigational agents.

- History of previously receiving Marqibo(Registered Trademark).

- History of allergic reactions or serious adverse events attributed to compounds of

similar chemical or biologic composition to vincristine or components of Marqibo(Registered Trademark) (vincristine sulfate injection, sphingomyelin/cholesterol liposomes, sodium phosphate injection).

- Are eligible for stem cell transplantation. This implies that a suitable donor is

readily available, that the primary oncology team and Principal Investigator recommend this as a preferred treatment option at the time of protocol evaluation, and that the subject is willing to undergo stem cell transplantation.

- Presence of preexisting Grade 2 or greater sensory or motor neuropathy.

- History of persistent greater than or equal to Grade 2 active neurologic disorders

unrelated to chemotherapy.

- Positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) due to the increased risk of


Locations and Contacts

National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, United States
Additional Information

NIH Clinical Center Detailed Web Page

Related publications:

Ross JA, Olshan AF. Pediatric cancer in the United States: the Children's Oncology Group Epidemiology Research Program. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2004 Oct;13(10):1552-4.

Linabery AM, Ross JA. Trends in childhood cancer incidence in the U.S. (1992-2004). Cancer. 2008 Jan 15;112(2):416-32.

Chonn A, Cullis PR. Recent advances in liposomal drug-delivery systems. Curr Opin Biotechnol. 1995 Dec;6(6):698-708. Review.

Starting date: September 2010
Last updated: May 26, 2015

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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