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Growth Hormone, Cardiovascular Risk, and Visceral Adiposity

Information source: Massachusetts General Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Obesity

Intervention: Nutropin AQ growth hormone (Drug); Placebo Growth Hormone (Drug)

Phase: N/A

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: Massachusetts General Hospital

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Karen K. Miller, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Massachusetts General Hospital


This study will compare growth hormone levels and cardiovascular risk markers in normal weight and overweight women and men. In women and men with increased abdominal weight, growth hormone (GH) versus placebo will be administered and effects on cardiovascular risk, insulin resistance and body composition will be measured.

Clinical Details

Official title: Growth Hormone, Cardiovascular Risk, and Visceral Adiposity

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome:


Total Abdominal Fat

Abdominal Fat

Secondary outcome:

Measure of Insulin Resistance

Insulin-like Growth Factor-1 (IGF-1) Levels

Detailed description: The purpose of this study is to measure growth hormone levels in women and men who are normal weight, overweight, and obese. Growth hormone levels will be correlated with body weight, body composition, and markers of cardiovascular risk. In overweight or obese women and men with increased visceral adiposity and below average IGF-1 levels, growth hormone versus placebo will be given for 6 months. Effects of growth hormone treatment on weight, body composition, insulin resistance, lipids, and cardiovascular risk markers will then be assessed. Study subjects will be followed for an additional six months for these endpoints.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 45 Years. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- For growth hormone measurement part (for men and women):

1. For visceral adiposity arm: waist circumference greater than or equal to 88 cm for women or 102 cm for men, and BMI greater than or equal to 25 kg/m2 2. For lean controls: BMI 18. 5 to 24. 9 kg/m2

- For growth hormone treatment part (for men and women):

1. Visceral adiposity (waist circumference greater than or equal to 88 cm for women and 102 for men, BMI greater than or equal to 25 kg/m2) 2. IGF-I within the lowest 2 quartiles for age and gender 3. Willingness to maintain current activity level and diet Exclusion Criteria:

- Diabetes mellitus (fasting plasma glucose greater than 126 mg/dL or 2-hour post-oral

glucose tolerance test [OGTT] plasma glucose greater than 200)

- Taking the following medications in the last 3 months: weight loss or lipid-lowering

agents, medications to treat diabetes mellitus or "pre-diabetes", oral contraceptives or estrogen-containing medications, other medications known to significantly affect weight

- Smoking

- Hematocrit below the lower limit of normal

- Amenorrhea for 3 months (in women)

- Pregnant or breastfeeding (in women)

- Polycystic ovary syndrome (in women)

- Weight that exceeds 280 pounds

- SGPT greater than 2 times the upper limit of normal

- History of malignancy, except for fully resolved basal cell carcinomas of the skin

(Specific Aim 2 only)

- Radiation exposure greater than 1000 mrem over the last 12 months

- Previous diagnosis of cardiovascular disease

- History of pituitary or hypothalamic disease, brain radiation, or childhood growth

hormone deficiency

- History of carpal tunnel syndrome that has not been surgically treated

Locations and Contacts

Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, United States
Additional Information

Starting date: November 2004
Last updated: February 4, 2014

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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