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A Pilot Study of Methodology to Rapidly Evaluate Drugs for Bactericidal Activity, Tolerance, and Pharmacokinetics in the Treatment of Pulmonary Tuberculosis Using Isoniazid and Levofloxacin

Information source: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: HIV Infections; Tuberculosis

Intervention: Isoniazid (Drug); Pyridoxine hydrochloride (Drug); Levofloxacin (Drug)

Phase: Phase 1

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Hafner R, Study Chair
Cohn J, Study Chair
Egorin M, Study Chair

Summary

To evaluate the methodology for rapidly determining the early bactericidal activity (EBA), tolerance, and pharmacokinetics of isoniazid and levofloxacin in the treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB). Traditionally, in trials for treatment of TB, a new drug is administered in combination with two or more other antituberculous agents of known effectiveness over a long period of time. In this setting, it is difficult to determine the effect of any single drug or dose level. Development of new agents for the treatment of TB may be accelerated by a methodology in which a new agent could be evaluated for activity by administering it as a single agent over a short time period. This study utilizes a method to measure the amount of bacteria present each day in the lungs.

Clinical Details

Official title: A Pilot Study of Methodology to Rapidly Evaluate Drugs for Bactericidal Activity, Tolerance, and Pharmacokinetics in the Treatment of Pulmonary Tuberculosis Using Isoniazid and Levofloxacin

Study design: Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics Study, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Detailed description: Traditionally, in trials for treatment of TB, a new drug is administered in combination with two or more other antituberculous agents of known effectiveness over a long period of time. In this setting, it is difficult to determine the effect of any single drug or dose level. Development of new agents for the treatment of TB may be accelerated by a methodology in which a new agent could be evaluated for activity by administering it as a single agent over a short time period. This study utilizes a method to measure the amount of bacteria present each day in the lungs. An initial cohort of patients receive isoniazid (with pyridoxine) daily for 5 days. Sputum samples are collected daily for determination of the EBA (decline in colony-forming units/ml sputum). If the methodology is validated, additional patients are randomized to receive one of two doses of levofloxacin daily for 5 days, with determination of EBA. All patients are hospitalized for 2 days of baseline evaluation and 5 days of treatment.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria Concurrent Medication: Allowed in all patients:

- Antacids if administered more than 2 hours before or after study drug.

Allowed in isoniazid patients:

- Anticonvulsant therapy if blood levels are monitored.

Allowed in levofloxacin patients:

- Acceptable medications other than antacids if administered at least 2 hours before or

1 hour after study drug.

- Anticonvulsant therapy, theophylline, or warfarin if doses are monitored.

Patients must have:

- Presumptive active pulmonary TB.

- No clinical evidence of central nervous system or miliary tuberculosis.

NOTE:

- Both HIV-positive and HIV-negative patients are eligible.

NOTE:

- Pregnant women may be enrolled in the isoniazid cohort only.

Exclusion Criteria Co-existing Condition: Patients with the following symptoms or conditions are excluded:

- Active or suspected MAI infection.

- Active or suspected hepatitis.

- Any other serious acute infection, diabetes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease,

malignancy requiring chemotherapy, or major organ dysfunction.

- Extreme illness or toxic appearance.

- Pregnancy (if entering the levofloxacin portion of the study).

Concurrent Medication: Excluded:

- All standard TB therapies.

- Clofazimine.

- Rifabutin.

- Quinolones.

- Aminoglycosides.

- Corticosteroids.

- Pentoxifylline.

- Colony-stimulating factors.

- Interferons.

- Interleukins.

- Disulfiram (patients receiving isoniazid).

Patients with the following prior conditions are excluded:

- History of treatment-limiting intolerance or known hypersensitivity to isoniazid (in

patients receiving isoniazid) or to quinolones (in patients receiving levofloxacin).

- Vomiting or diarrhea >= grade 2 at screening or within 2 days prior to screening.

- History of drug-resistant TB (in patients receiving isoniazid).

Prior Medication: Excluded:

- Any prior treatment or prophylaxis for TB if enrolling on the isoniazid cohort.

- Any anti-TB drug within the past 12 weeks, including standard drugs against TB as

well as clofazimine, rifabutin, and all quinolones and aminoglycosides.

- Corticosteroids, pentoxifylline, colony-stimulating factors, interferons, or

interleukins within the past 12 weeks. Known risk factors for multi-drug resistant (MDR) TB, including:

- Domicile, shelter, or prison exposure to a known case of MDR TB within the past 6

months.

- Residence in a specific domicile, shelter, or prison cell block within 6 months of a

known outbreak of MDR TB.

- Hospitalization, within the past 6 months, on a medical service or unit in which

nosocomial transmission of MDR TB is known to have occurred.

Locations and Contacts

Univ of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 352336505, United States

UCLA Med Ctr, Los Angeles, California 900951793, United States

Harbor - UCLA Med Ctr, Torrance, California 90502, United States

Broward Gen Med Ctr, Fort Lauderdale, Florida 33316, United States

Univ of Miami / Jackson Memorial Hosp, Miami, Florida 33136, United States

Univ of Illinois, Chicago, Illinois 60622, United States

Tulane Univ Med School, New Orleans, Louisiana 701122699, United States

Univ of Texas Southwestern Med Ctr of Dallas, Dallas, Texas 75235, United States

Univ TX Galveston, Galveston, Texas 77550, United States

Baylor College of Medicine / Houston Veterans Adm Med Ctr, Houston, Texas 77030, United States

Additional Information

Click here for more information about Isoniazid

Related publications:

El-Sadr WM, Perlman DC, Matts JP, Nelson E, Cohn D, Telzak E, Chirgwin K, Salomon N, Olibrice M, Hafner R. Outcome of an induction regimen for the treatment of HIV-related tuberculosis (TB): evaluation of the addition of a quinolone. Int Conf AIDS. 1996 Jul 7-12;11(1):327 (abstract no TuB2358)


Last updated: August 6, 2008

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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