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Determination of the Optimal Dose of Ephedrine in Intraoperative Arterial Hypotension of Newborns and Infants up to 6 Months of Age.

Information source: Hospices Civils de Lyon
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 20, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Intraoperative Arterial Hypotension; Infant, Newborn

Intervention: Ephedrine 30mg/10mL injectable solution, single administration, dose : 0.6, 0.8, 1.0, 1.2 and 1.4 mg/kG (Drug); Ephedrine 30mg/10mL injectable solution, single administration, dose : 0.1 mg/kG. (Drug)

Phase: Phase 2

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: Hospices Civils de Lyon

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Mathilde de Queiroz Siqueira, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Service d'anesthésie pédiatrique et obstétricale, Hôpital Femme Mère Enfant, 59 boulevard Pinel - 69 677 BRON Cedex

Overall contact:
Pierre BOUCHER, MD, Phone: 04 72 38 55 33, Ext: +33, Email: pierre.boucher@chu-lyon.fr

Summary

The incidence of arterial hypotension under general anesthesia using sevoflurane is particularly high in newborns and infants up to 6 months of age. A decrease of 20% of the initial mean blood pressure (mBP) is the definition of significant arterial hypotension in adults and children. In adults, intraoperative arterial hypotension is associated with an increase of intraoperative mortality and a certain neurological morbidity. In infants under 6 months of age, neurological disorders have been reported following general anesthesia. Neurotoxicity of hypnotics is often incriminated as should be the episodes of arterial hypotension. Current management of hypotension uses vascular filling with crystalloids and vasopressive amines in second intention. Dopamine is the most frequently used amine. Ephedrine can also be used. Ephedrine is particularly interesting because of its action on both α and β receptors and its mode of administration: one dose and peripheral access. Only one study is available in children from birth to adulthood; it demonstrates a lower hemodynamic response in infants than in adults, when administered a low dose of Ephedrine (0. 1 to 0. 2 mg/kg). A recent retrospective cohort suggests an under efficacy of low doses and the use of higher doses than those recommended. The primary objective is to determine the optimal dose of ephedrine (dose of ephedrine associated with a difference of proportion of newborns/infants in therapeutic success of 55%) compare to the reference dose of 0. 1mg/kg as a first line treatment of intraoperative arterial hypotension. Secondary objectives:

- Return to a mBP superior to 38mmHg post Ephedrine administration.

- To assess occurrence of hypoxemic events during anesthesia.

- To assess tolerance of ephedrine. One hundred and twenty newborn and infants up to 6

months of age will be recruited in 3 sites of the Rhone Alpes Auvergne area over 24 months.

Clinical Details

Official title: Determination of the Optimal Dose of Ephedrine in Intraoperative Arterial Hypotension of Newborns and Infants up to 6 Months of Age. A Randomized, Controlled, Open-label, Dose Escalation Study.

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Therapeutic success is defined as a mBP superior to 80% of the basal mBP (prior to anesthesia) within 10 minutes post Ephedrine administration

Secondary outcome:

Return to a mBP superior to 38mmHg within 10 minutes post Ephedrine administration

Variations of O2 saturation in cerebral tissue (number of desaturations, evolution under treatment) using a Near Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) technology

Tolerance of Ephedrine: occurrence of serious adverse events

Eligibility

Minimum age: N/A. Maximum age: 6 Months. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Newborns or infants < 6 months of age,

- boys and girls,

- premature or not,

- requiring general anesthesia induced by sevoflurane

- who presents during anesthesia a decrease of blood pressure superior to 20% of the

basal mBP (measured prior to surgery) despite of vascular filling with sodium chloride 0. 9% (10mL/kg during 10 min).

- Written, informed consent obtained from the 2 parents

Exclusion Criteria:

- Allergy to Ephedrine.

- Emergency surgery.

- Patient having previously received other vasopressive amines.

- Use of other indirect sympathomimetic drug such as phenylpropanolamine,

phenylephrine, pseudoephedrine and methylphenidate.

- Premedication with clonidine

- Congenital heart disease

- IV-induced anesthesia.

Locations and Contacts

Pierre BOUCHER, MD, Phone: 04 72 38 55 33, Ext: +33, Email: pierre.boucher@chu-lyon.fr

Hospices Civils de Lyon, Lyon, France; Recruiting
Pierre BOUCHER, MD, Phone: 04 72 38 55 33, Ext: +33, Email: pierre.boucher@chu-lyon.fr
Additional Information

Starting date: March 2015
Last updated: July 2, 2015

Page last updated: August 20, 2015

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