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Continuous Levalbuterol for Treatment of Status Asthmaticus in Children

Information source: Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Asthma

Intervention: Racemic albuterol (R+S albuterol) (Drug); Levalbuterol (R albuterol) (Drug)

Phase: Phase 4

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Joseph J Zorc, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Summary

This study will use a randomized, double-blind, controlled trial design in order to assess the safety and efficacy of levalbuterol (LEV) compared to racemic albuterol (RAC) when delivered continuously in a high-dose regimen for children with severe exacerbations of asthma. Primary hypothesis

- Children with severe asthma receiving continuous levalbuterol will have a shorter

duration of continuous therapy as compared to racemic albuterol. Secondary hypotheses

- Children receiving continuous levalbuterol will have improved lung function measured by

forced expiratory volume at 1 second (FEV1) as compared to racemic albuterol.

- Children receiving continuous levalbuterol will have improved clinical asthma score as

compared to racemic albuterol.

Clinical Details

Official title: Continuous Levalbuterol for Treatment of Status Asthmaticus in Children

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Duration of Continuous Therapy

Secondary outcome:

Change in Pediatric Asthma Severity Score

Heart Rate

Serum Potassium Levels

Serum Albuterol S Isomer Levels

Detailed description: High-dose nebulized albuterol is standard therapy for severe asthma exacerbations at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) and other tertiary care pediatric hospitals throughout the United States. For the most severe exacerbations, albuterol is provided continuously at high doses until improvement is observed. This regimen has been standardized in a treatment protocol that has been used at CHOP for more than 5 years. Recently, levalbuterol (LEV), the purified active (R)-enantiomer of albuterol, has been approved for use in acute asthma. Preliminary evidence suggests that LEV may improve pulmonary function and clinical outcomes in children with asthma based on studies using standard dosing regimens. Laboratory and clinical evidence suggest that the (S)-enantiomer of albuterol may have detrimental effects that contribute to poor response to racemic albuterol (RAC). Limited data exist about the efficacy of LEV in high-dose regimens. This study will use a randomized, double-blind, controlled trial design in order to assess the safety and efficacy of LEV compared to RAC when delivered continuously in a high-dose regimen for severe exacerbations of asthma. Children treated for asthma exacerbations in the CHOP emergency department (ED) will be eligible for study enrollment. Those that meet enrollment criteria will be randomized to receive either high dose RAC according to the standard asthma care protocol or equivalent dosing of LEV. Approximately 128 patients with 64 in each arm of the study will be enrolled. An interim safety analysis will be conducted after the first 40 patients are enrolled. This study should be completed in six to nine months. The primary outcome will be duration of continuous therapy. Secondary outcomes will include improvement of clinical asthma score and change in forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1). In addition, (R)-albuterol and (S)-albuterol levels will be measured at study entry and at 6-hour intervals in the first 40 patients enrolled. These values will be used to determine prior RAC exposure and to determine serum levels of (R) and (S) albuterol during continuous therapy.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 6 Years. Maximum age: 18 Years. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Age 6-18 years of age

- Diagnosis of asthma with two previous visits to emergency department (ED) or primary

care provider for asthma care

- Clinical decision by ED attending physician to begin continuous albuterol after

standardized initial ED treatment. Exclusion Criteria:

- Clinical decision to begin continuous intravenous beta-agonist infusion (e. g.

terbutaline)

- Clinical decision to admit to the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit

- Drug allergy or other contraindication to RAC or LEV

- Other concurrent disease such as sickle cell disease, cystic fibrosis, or cardiac

disease

- Pregnancy

- Prior enrollment in the study

Locations and Contacts

The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, United States
Additional Information

Starting date: April 2004
Last updated: February 12, 2013

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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