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Evaluating the Safety and Effectiveness of Mozobil Mobilization in Adults With Beta-Thalassemia Major

Information source: University of Washington
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Beta-Thalassemia

Intervention: Mozobil (Drug); Mozobil (Drug); Mozobil (Drug)

Phase: N/A

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: University of Washington

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Thalia Papayannopoulou, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: University of Washington

Summary

Thalassemia is considered the most common genetic disorder worldwide, occurring with high frequency in Mediterranean areas, the Middle East, Southeast Asia, and the Pacific Islands. Currently, the only cure for thalassemia is bone marrow transplantation from a related, compatible donor. Gene transfer, achieved by transplantation of the patient's own blood stem cells that have been genetically-modified with the corrected gene, could potentially cure thalassemia. The first step in developing gene transfer for treatment of thalassemia is to develop a safe and effective method to obtain blood stem cells from thalassemia patients. Eventually, high numbers of genetically modified cells will need to be infused into the patient for clinical gene transfer to be effective. The blood stem cells are obtained by giving a "mobilization" agent to the patients. This causes the stem cells to leave the bone marrow and go into the blood. The purpose of this study is to test the safety and effectiveness of the new mobilization agent, Mozobil, in causing mobilization of blood stem cells for patients with beta-thalassemia major.

Clinical Details

Official title: A Pilot Study to Assess the Safety and Efficacy of Mozobil G-CSF in Mobilizing Hematopoietic Stem Cells (CD34+ Cells) in Adults With Beta-thalassemia Major

Study design: Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Safety and effectiveness of Mozobil for mobilization of patients with beta thalassemia major

Secondary outcome: Clonogenic capacity, transducibility, and engraftment potential (in a mouse model) of genetically modified cells

Detailed description: The purpose of this study is to optimize blood stem cell mobilization in adults with beta thalassemia major. We seek a method of mobilization that will be safe, with minimum side effects, and that will yield high numbers of blood stem cells. For successful gene therapy of thalassemia, high numbers of genetically modified stem cells will need to be introduced into the patient. Participants will include beta-thalassemia patients who failed to mobilize sufficiently with G-CSF (in our previous protocol) and new patients. In this study we will focus on the safety and effectiveness of mobilization with Mozobil or with Mozobil plus G-CSF. Following mobilization, blood stem cells will be recovered using leukapheresis, a procedure similar to a blood donation, in which mobilized white blood cells are collected from the blood of the patient. During drug administration and leukapheresis, patients will be hospitalized at George Papanicolaou Hospital in Thessaloniki, Greece. Patients who failed to mobilize in the previous protocol will receive Mozobil and G-CSF and will be hospitalized for 5-8 days for the duration of drug administration and leukapheresis. They will receive G-CSF for several days; Mozobil will be added on the last few days of G-CSF. New patients will receive Mozobil only and will be hospitalized for 2-3 days for drug administration and leukapheresis. Mozobil is administered at 240µg/kg, under the skin. Participants will undergo two or three leukapheresis procedures in a row if low numbers of blood stem cells were recovered in the first (and possibly second) leukapheresis. Participants will be discharged from the hospital the day following the last leukapheresis procedure. Weekly follow-up visits will occur for the next month, either at G. Papanicolaou Hospital, or at the participant's local doctor's office. The total period of study participation is approximately 5 weeks. In the event that Mozobil alone does not cause mobilization of high levels of blood cells, patients will be invited to repeat the protocol three months later, receiving Mozobil and G-CSF.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 50 Years. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Βeta- thalassemia major

- Age >18<50

- Karnofsky performance status ³80%

- Splenectomized patients or patients with spleen volume <800cm3 (only for the non

splenectomized patients who will receive Mozobil + G-CSF)

- Compliant with regular transfusions and regular chelation

- Liver iron by MRI <280μmol/gr or ³1. 7msec by T2*MRI

- Heart iron by MRI >2. 8 (SI/SD) or ³9msec by T2*MRI

- Hepatitis B or C virus load negative by PCR (polymerase chain reaction)

- Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) >45% by echocardiogram

- Adequate respiratory function with DLCO >50%

- Negative pregnancy test, if female

- Ability to give informed consent and willingness to meet all the expected

requirements of the protocol for the duration of the study Exclusion Criteria:

- History of thrombosis or known thrombophilia

- Symptomatic viral, bacterial or fungal infection within 6 weeks prior eligibility

evaluation

- Pregnancy or lactation

- HIV positivity

- History of malignancy, other than local skin cancer

- Other systematic disease non thalassemia-associated

- Splenectomized patients with platelet count >900,000 (only for the splenectomized

patients who will receive low dose G-CSF+ Mozobil)

- Additional risk factors for thrombosis, including Factor V Leiden; antiphospholipid

antibodies and less than 50% of the lowest normal value for the following procoagulants: antithrombin 3, protein C, or protein S.

Locations and Contacts

George Papanicolaou Hospital, Thessaloniki, Greece
Additional Information

Starting date: October 2010
Last updated: December 27, 2014

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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