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Phase II Study of Fludarabine and Mitoxantrone, Followed by GM-CSF(Granulocyte-macrophage Colony-stimulating Factor) and Rituximab

Information source: Emory University
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Lymphoma

Intervention: Mitoxantrone/Cyclophosphamide, Fludarabine, Rituximab and GM-CSF (Drug)

Phase: Phase 2

Status: Terminated

Sponsored by: Emory University

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Christopher Flowers, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Emory University Winship Cancer Institute

Summary

Patients with a low-grade, or indolent (slow-growing) form of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) in which the usual survival is between 7-10 years are being asked to take part in this study. Although normally-used combinations of chemotherapy will cause NHL to disappear in 30-40% of patients (called complete response or complete remission), almost all will have their disease return. In this study, researchers tested a combination of anti-cancer agents, fludarabine, rituximab and GM-CSF with mitoxantrone or cyclophosphamide to see if a better and more long-lasting response can be achieved. All of the medications are approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and are available on the market. The agents we will use are:

- Mitoxantrone and fludarabine and cyclophosphamide and fludarabine are combinations of

chemotherapy drugs that have been successfully used to treat NHL/CLL (Chronic lymphocytic leukemia) that has returned after treatment and are comparable options for treatment.

- Rituximab, a monoclonal antibody that kills cancer cells by binding the CD20 antigen

found on the surface of B-cells, commonly used along with chemotherapy drugs to improve response rates in lymphoma treatment.

- GM-CSF (granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor, also called sargramostim, GM,

or Leukine), a growth factor which stimulates the development of new ("stem") cells. GM-CSF encourages stem cells to divide, specialize, and become active. It is not a normal part of treatment for NHL. Using GM-CSF in NHL treatment is the experimental part of this study. The main purpose of this study is to see if giving GM-CSF along with a standard anti-cancer treatment will work better to reduce cancer, and to look at side effects of the treatment.

Clinical Details

Official title: Phase II Study of Fludarabine and Mitoxantrone, Followed by GM-CSF(Granulocyte-macrophage Colony-stimulating Factor) and Rituximab in Patients With Low Grade Non-Hodgkins Lymphoma: An Analysis of Efficacy and Tolerability

Study design: Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Number of Patients's Who Had Complete Response and Partial Response to the Treatment of Fludarabine and Cyclophosphamide Followed by GM-CSF and Rituximab.

Detailed description: Patients with a low-grade, or indolent (slow-growing) form of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) in which the usual survival is between 7-10 years are being asked to take part in this study. Although normally-used combinations of chemotherapy will cause NHL to disappear in 30-40% of patients (called complete response or complete remission), almost all will have their disease return. When NHL is diagnosed, an abundance of white blood cells called B-lymphocytes (or B-cells) are found in the body. Almost all B-cells have a special protein on the surface called a CD20 antigen. Some anti-cancer drugs, called monoclonal antibodies, target cancer cells by binding, or "locking up", specific antigens found on their surfaces, which kills the cancer cells. In this study, researchers will test a combination of anti-cancer agents to see if a better and more long-lasting response can be achieved. All of the medications are approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and are available on the market. The agents we will use are:

- Mitoxantrone and fludarabine, a combination of chemotherapy drugs that has been

successfully used to treat NHL that has returned after treatment. OR

- Cyclophosphamide and fludarabine, a combination of chemotherapy drugs that has been

successfully used to treat NHL that has returned after treatment.

- Rituximab, a monoclonal antibody that kills cancer cells by binding the CD20 antigen

found on the surface of B-cells, commonly used along with chemotherapy drugs to improve response rates in lymphoma treatment.

- GM-CSF (granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor, also called sargramostim, GM,

or Leukine), a growth factor which stimulates the development of new (stem) cells. GM-CSF encourages stem cells to divide, specialize, and become active. It is not a normal part of treatment for NHL. Using GM-CSF in NHL treatment is the experimental part of this study. In studies done in the laboratory, GM-CSF caused an increase in the number of antigens, such as CD20, on the surface of B-cells. If more antigens are present, it may be easier to target cells that express CD20 or other antigens. Monoclonal antibodies (such as rituximab) might then be able to more effectively bind the antigens and kill the cancer cells. The main purpose of this study is to see if giving GM-CSF along with a standard anti-cancer treatment will work better to reduce cancer, and to look at side effects of the treatment.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- To qualify for this study, the patient must have relapsed, refractory or previously

untreated low-grade (indolent) non-Hodgkin lymphoma of the following subtypes: Follicular center cell lymphoma grade 1, lymphoplasmacytoid lymphoma, small lymphocytic lymphoma, splenic marginal-zone types lymphoma, monocytoid B-cell lymphoma and extranodal mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphomas. Final eligibility will be determined by the health professionals conducting this clinical trial. Exclusion Criteria:

- Patients who have received prior treatment with purine analogs will be excluded from

this study. Also, patients whose diagnostic/histologic subtype cannot be confirmed by our institution will not be able to participate in this study. Final eligibility will be determined by the health professionals conducting this clinical trial.

Locations and Contacts

Emory University Winship Cancer Institute, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, United States
Additional Information

Starting date: July 2002
Last updated: May 25, 2012

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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