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Treating Patients With Aneurysmal SubArachnoid Hemorrhage (SAH) With Epoetin Alfa

Information source: University of South Florida
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

Intervention: Epoetin alfa (Drug); Saline (Drug)

Phase: Phase 4

Status: Terminated

Sponsored by: University of South Florida

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Enrico M Camporesi, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: University of South Florida


This is a prospective, randomized, double-blinded, placebo controlled pilot safety study that will enroll a total of twenty subjects. Subjects will be adults (30-75) who have sustained a SAH secondary to cerebral aneurysm rupture and who present with minimal neurological symptoms. All subjects will have a Hemoglobin less than or equal to 12 g/dL within 24 hours prior to study entry and undergo operative aneurismal clipping. Subjects will be randomized into two groups, ten subjects receiving the drug and ten subjects receiving the placebo. The subjects will receive three intravenous injections of study drug or placebo, once before undergoing operative aneurysmal clipping (study Day 1) and again for two additional days (study Day 2 and study Day 3). There are 3 phases to this trial:

Screening Phase - patients will present with Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and prepped for

surgery within 36 hours Treatment Phase - first pre-operative dose before surgery (Study Day

1), post-operative (Study Days 2 and 3) Follow-up Phase- Study Day 4 through discharge, 6-7 week follow-up Primary Objective: To determine the safety of administering intravenous doses of Procrit® once daily for three consecutive days to patients with aneurysmal SAH before and after vascular clipping by comparing the incidence of thrombotic events, hemoglobin and 6-7 week mortality between the Procrit® and placebo groups. Secondary Objectives: To determine if administration of Procrit® prior to aneurysm clipping reduces the incidence of vasospasm following a SAH event treated by vascular clipping. To determine if Procrit® administration prior to aneurysm clipping in patients with Aneurysmal SAH will improve neurological assessment scores in the post-SAH/post-clipping time period. To determine the feasibility of organizing a larger, randomized study to explore the neuroprotective effect of Procrit® in patients with Aneurysmal SubArachnoid Hemorrhage (SAH) when Procrit® is administered prior to surgical clipping of the aneurysm. It is hypothesized that Procrit will provide a significant level of neuroprotection in the brain after an SAH event as a result of reduced cell death, as well as a reduced amount of vasospasm activity and delayed cerebral ischemia which can occur as a result of SAH. These factors may contribute to improved neurological functioning scores when compared to the placebo treated patients.

Clinical Details

Official title: A Double Blinded, Placebo Controlled, Pilot Study to Evaluate the Safety of Treating Patients With Aneurysmal SubArachnoid Hemorrhage (SAH) With Epoetin Alfa

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Incidence of Adverse Events After Administering Intravenous Doses of Procrit® Once Daily for Three Consecutive Days to Patients With Aneurysmal SAH Before and After Vascular Clipping

Secondary outcome:

To Determine if Administration of Procrit® Prior to Aneurysm Clipping Reduces the Incidence of Vasospasm Following a SAH Event Treated by Vascular Clipping.

To Determine if Procrit® Administration Prior to Aneurysm Clipping in Patients With Aneurysmal SAH Will Improve Neurological Assessment Scores in the Post-SAH/Post-clipping Time Period

To Determine the Feasibility of Organizing a Larger, Randomized Study to Explore the Neuroprotective Effect of Procrit® in Patients With Aneurysmal SubArachnoid Hemorrhage (SAH) When Procrit® is Administered Prior to Surgical Clipping of the Aneurysm.


Minimum age: 30 Years. Maximum age: 75 Years. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Patients age 30-75

- Patients undergoing vascular clipping post SAH

- Aneurysmal SAH as determined by history or clinical evaluation

- WFNS Score I and II

- Hb ≤ 12 g/dL within 36 hours prior to first dose of study drug

- Patients who receive Study drug and undergo surgical clipping of the aneurysm within

36 hours of the SAH event Exclusion Criteria:

- Non-aneurysmal SAH

- WFNS Score III and higher

- Patients presenting with previous history of SAH

- Terminal, brain-dead, comfort care patients

- Patients not undergoing vascular clipping

- Hb > 12 g/dL

- Patients receiving blood transfusion prior to surgery

- Patients who currently receive Procrit or an EPO product

- Patients undergoing surgical clipping of the aneurysm greater than 36 hours after the

SAH event

- Pregnancy or lactating

- Renal insufficiency (must present and maintain normal creatinine levels)

- Uncontrolled hypertension (systolic > 150 mmHg)

- Active or known seizure history within one year of SAH event

- Known history of thrombotic vascular events (PE, DVT, AMI, stroke)

- Allergy or sensitivity to mammalian derived products

Locations and Contacts

Tampa General Hospital, Tampa, Florida 33606, United States
Additional Information

Starting date: July 2007
Last updated: September 25, 2012

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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