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Exemestane With Celecoxib as Neoadjuvant Treatment in Postmenopausal Women With Stage II, III, and IV Breast Cancer

Information source: Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 20, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Breast Cancer

Intervention: Exemestane (Drug); Celecoxib (Drug); Correlative studies (Other)

Phase: Phase 2

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Stephen Povoski, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Ohio State University


To test whether the addition of the COX-2 inhibitor, celecoxib, will decrease the gene expression of CYP19 in breast cancers collected from postmenopausal women that receive neoadjuvant exemestane.

Clinical Details

Official title: A Phase II Trial of Exemestane (Aromasin) in Combination With Celecoxib (Celebrex) as Neoadjuvant Treatment in Postmenopausal Women With Stage II, III, and IV Breast Cancer

Study design: Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Number of Patients With Decreased Gene Expression of CYP19 in Breast Cancer by Adding COX-2 Inhibitor to Exemestane

Secondary outcome: Evaluate Response Rate of Neoadjuvant Exemestane and Celecoxib in Postmenopausal Women.

Detailed description: Rationale: In postmenopausal women, the main source of estrogen is through the conversion of androgens, or sex hormones produced by the adrenal glands. An enzyme called aromatase carries out this process. Exemestane, an aromatase inhibitor, blocks production of estrogens. Research indicates that the gene responsible for aromatase activity is CYPO19. Therefore, exemestane helps to inhibit aromatase activity through CYP019. Along with CYP019, another gene associated with breast cancer is an overexpression of COX-2 enzymes. Research suggests that COX-2 overexpression can cause cancer cell division, increased blood flow to tumors, and metastases. Celecoxib blocks COX-2 activity and produces fewer side effects compared with other non-steroidal inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). This study builds on previous research to test the combination of exemestane and celecoxib for breast cancer. Purpose: This study is evaluating the safety and efficacy of exemestane and celecoxib before surgery for stage II, III, and IV breast cancer in postmenopausal women. Tests will analyze the CYP019 gene after these treatments. Treatment: Patients in this study will receive exemestane and celecoxib. Both drugs will be given to patients as oral pills. Exemestane will be taken daily for sixteen weeks. Starting in week 9, celecoxib will be taken twice daily for eight weeks. Therefore, during weeks 9-16, patients will be taking both exemestane and celecoxib. Several tests and exams will be given throughout the study to closely monitor patients, including a biopsy performed after the first 8 weeks on exemestane. After sixteen weeks on exemestane and celecoxib, patients will have breast surgery.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Female.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Must be female with histologically confirmed breast cancer

- Stage II-IV disease

- ER and/or PR positive

- ECOG Performance Status 0-1

- Tumor must be present following core needle biopsy as determined by physical exam or

radiographic evaluation.

- Postmenopausal

- No prior treatment for current breast cancer. No other active malignancy is

allowed. Adequately treated basal cell, squamous cell skin cancer, in situ cervical cancer, or any other cancer from which the patient has been disease-free for 5 years is permitted. Biphosphonates and palliative radiation for bone metastasis is permitted while on study.

- Hormone replacement therapy must be discontinued. It is not permitted during the time

on study. Exclusion Criteria:

- Known history of aspirin or NSAID induced asthma, urticaria or allergic reactions; or

allergy to sulfonamides severe enough in nature to require emergency room treatment or hospitalization.

- History of myocardial infarction or other thrombotic events.

- Inflammatory breast cancer (edema or ulceration of the skin of the breast).

- Significant renal dysfunction (serum creatinine > 1. 5 x upper limit of normal).

- Significant hepatic dysfunction (serum bilirubin > 1. 5 x upper limit of normal or

AST, ALT > 3 x upper limit of normal)

- ANC <1. 5, platelets <100,000 K/uL, and hemoglobin < 9 g/dL.

- Use of other COX-2 inhibitors such as rofecoxib (Vioxx®, aspirin, trisalicylate

(Trilisate®), is not permitted during the time on study. No washout period is required. Baby aspirin, 81 mg po daily, is permitted.

- Use of NSAID's such as ibuprofen (Advil® or Motrin®), naproxyn (Aleve® Naprosyn®, or

Anaprox®), etodolac (Lodine®), oxaprozin (Daypro®), difusanil (Dolobid®), nabumetone (Relafin®), or tolmetin (Tolectin®) is not permitted during the time on study.

Locations and Contacts

Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210, United States
Additional Information


Starting date: July 2003
Last updated: June 25, 2015

Page last updated: August 20, 2015

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