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Advance Planning for Home Services for Seniors

Information source: Northwestern University
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Alzheimers, Falls, Aging in Place

Intervention: Plan Your Lifespan Website (Other); Go4Life Website (Other)

Phase: N/A

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: Northwestern University

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Lee A Lindquist, MD, MPH, MBA, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Northwestern University

Overall contact:
Vanessa Ramirez-Zohfeld, MPH, Phone: 3125033916, Email: vanessa-ramirez-0@northwestern.edu

Summary

The goal of this study is to develop and test an advance planning tool to help seniors understand projected health needs and plan ways to remain in their own homes when these crises occur. In this phase of the study through partnerships with seniors, senior community groups, area agencies on aging, and home care agencies the investigators are conducting a two-armed (attention control and intervention) randomized controlled trial. Individuals will be randomly assigned to one of two interventions: attention control or the advance planning tool. The investigators attention control group will control for the possibility that regular contact with the study team may improve outcomes in participants randomized to the intervention website. Participants in the attention control arm will navigate an electronic educational session via a National Institute on Aging at NIH Web site about physical activity and exercise as it is a topic of interest to seniors. A minimum of 15 minutes and a maximum of 45 minutes will be allotted for navigating the Web site. The Web site is interactive and comparable to the intervention tool: http://go4life. nia. nih. gov/get-started). If randomized to intervention, subjects will be introduced to the advance planning tool, the Plan Your Lifespan website, and given instructions on how to use it. Plan Your Lifespan is a Web-based planning tool that provides information for seniors related to advanced health planning for home services in specific content areas of: hospitalizations, falls, Alzheimer's, dementia, as well as communicating with others. The Plan Your Lifespan website is also interactive in that it allows participants to enter their information and share it with others to facilitate conversations and decision-making. Participants will navigate and complete the Web-based advance planning tool and will be allotted a minimum of 15 minutes and a maximum of 45 minutes to navigate the tool as part of the study. All participants will be administered a pre- and post-test before and after viewing the website they were randomized to. All participants will be followed up at one and three months post via a brief phone call where follow-up questions will be asked of all participants.

Clinical Details

Official title: Advance Planning for Home Services for Seniors

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label

Primary outcome: Change in Planning Behavior Score at 3-months

Secondary outcome:

Change in Planning Perception Score at immediate post-test, 1 and 3-months

Change in Confidence in Accessing Home Services Score at immediate post-test, 1 and 3-months

Change in Knowledge of Home Services Score at immediate post-test, 1 and 3-months

Change in Satisfaction with Intervention Tool Score at immediate post-test, 1 and 3-months

Detailed description: Seniors over the age of 65 years represent 13. 1% of the United States population, with a projected 36% increase to 55 million by the year 2020. With advancing age, seniors experience an increased prevalence in memory loss, physical disability, and multiple chronic conditions (e. g., heart disease, emphysema, stroke, diabetes, cancers, hypertension, arthritis, osteoporosis, and macular degeneration). A large fear among seniors is loss of independence and removal from their homes to be placed in a nursing home. Seniors who remain in their own homes tend to have greater satisfaction, less depression, and maintain their physical function better than seniors residing in assisted living or nursing homes. Although remaining in the home is of utmost importance, many frail seniors teeter between safe living and personal endangerment. Falls, illness, and worsening memory all jeopardize a senior's independence and ability to remain in his or her home. The advance planning tool, Plan Your Lifespan, provides information that will help older Americans to "fill in the gaps" in their lives as necessary. An established plan would offer guidance toward obtaining those resources and professional services that would be useful to the senior. An effective plan would be dynamic and adaptable to the senior's changing health needs. The aim of this study is to conduct a randomized controlled trial of the advance planning tool to determine subject understanding of home care services, advanced health planning, and other patient-centered outcomes. The investigators also hypothesize the following: H1: Compared to participants in the attention control group and controlling for baseline assessments, participants receiving the advance planning tool will show increased planning with regard to implementation/behavior, perception, and intention (measured via the Planning Assessment tool) three months after intervention. H2: Compared to participants in the attention control group and controlling for baseline assessments, participants receiving the advance planning tool will show increased confidence in accessing home services (measured via the Confidence in Accessing Home Services tool) three months after intervention. H3: Compared to participants in the attention control group and controlling for baseline assessments, participants receiving the advance planning tool will show increased understanding of home services (measured via the Understanding of Home Services tool) three months after intervention. H4: Compared to participants in the attention control group and controlling for baseline assessments, participants receiving the advance planning tool will be more likely to report communicating their preferences about issues related to lifespan planning to people who may need to make decisions for them (measured via the Communication about Lifespan Planning Questionnaire) after study intervention. H5: Compared to participants in the attention control group, participants randomized to the advance planning tool will report overall satisfaction with the intervention/attention control (measured via the Satisfaction with Intervention tool). The total duration of the intervention for each participant will be three months with assessments at baseline, post-intervention, and two follow-up assessments at one and three months for a total of 4 data collection points.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 65 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Age 65 and older

- English speaking

- Score ≥ 4 questions correctly on the Brief Cognitive screener

- Self-identified comfort using a computer

- Self-identified comfort using the Internet to navigate a Website

- Have not previously participated in study's focus groups or pilot study

Exclusion Criteria:

- Less than age 65

- Non-English speaking

- Score < 4 questions correctly on the Brief Cognitive screener

- Not comfortable using a computer

- Not comfortable using the Internet to navigate a Website

- Previous participation in this study's focus groups or pilot study

Locations and Contacts

Vanessa Ramirez-Zohfeld, MPH, Phone: 3125033916, Email: vanessa-ramirez-0@northwestern.edu

Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois 60611, United States; Recruiting
Vanessa Ramirez-Zohfeld, MPH, Phone: 312-503-3916, Email: vanessa-ramirez-0@northwestern.edu
Priya Sunkara, Phone: (312)503-3903, Email: priya.sunkara@northwestern.edu

Aging & In-Home Services of Northeast Indiana, Fort Wayne, Indiana 46805, United States; Recruiting
Stacy Tatman, RN, Phone: 260-745-1200, Ext: 239, Email: statman@agingihs.org

Additional Information

Sham comparator website used in the attention-control arm

Starting date: September 2014
Last updated: April 13, 2015

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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