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Evaluation of Cilostazol in Combination With L-Carnitine

Information source: Colorado Prevention Center
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Peripheral Vascular Disease; Intermittent Claudication; Peripheral Arterial Disease

Intervention: Levocarnitine tartrate (Dietary Supplement); cilostazol (Drug)

Phase: Phase 4

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: Colorado Prevention Center

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Neil Goldenberg, MD, PhD, Study Chair, Affiliation: University of Colorado Heather Sciences Center


The purpose of this study is to see how safe and effective L carnitine taken with cilostazol is compared to placebo taken with cilostazol for people with intermittent claudication. A second purpose of the study is to see if L-carnitine is absorbed into the blood stream.

Clinical Details

Official title: Evaluation of Cilostazol in Combination With L-Carnitine in Subjects With Intermittent Claudication

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)

Primary outcome:

The Effect of Cilostazol Combined With L-carnitine on Change in Peak Walking Time (PWT) Compared to Cilostazol Alone From Baseline/Day 0 to Day 180 in Subjects With Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD) Limited by Intermittent Claudication (IC).

Safety of Combining Cilostazol With L-carnitine by Evaluating Laboratory Abnormalities and Adverse Events (AEs).

Secondary outcome:

The Combination of Cilostazol and L-carnitine on PWT Compared to Cilostazol Alone From Baseline/Day 0 to Day 90 in Subjects With Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD) Limited by Intermittent Claudication (IC).

The Effect of the Combination of Cilostazol and L-carnitine on Claudication Onset Time (COT) and Quality of Life (QOL), as Measured Using the Walking Impairment Questionnaire (WIQ) and SF-36v2® at Days 90 and 180.

Detailed description: Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD) is a narrowing of the blood vessels that supply the leg with blood. It is caused by atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries). Muscles require oxygen carried by the blood. When the leg muscles do not get enough blood and oxygen, this can cause pain, cramping, fatigue, and/or discomfort in the leg muscles during walking or exercise. These symptoms are called intermittent claudication (IC). In more severe cases, tissues do not get enough blood and oxygen at rest, and pain may also be present when the legs are resting. Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD)is one of the most common causes of pain and disability in people between 55 and 75 years of age. Cilostazol is a medication currently available by prescription for intermittent claudication. L-carnitine is an over-the-counter supplement. It is a natural substance in the human body and is also in some red meats, nuts, and energy drinks. Some subjects in the study will take L-carnitine with cilostazol and others will take placebo with cilostazol. The purpose of this study is to see how safe and effective L carnitine taken with cilostazol is compared to placebo taken with cilostazol for people with intermittent claudication. A placebo is a tablet or pill that looks like regular medication, but it doesn't have any actual medicine in it. A second purpose of the study is to see if L-carnitine is absorbed into the blood stream.


Minimum age: 40 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- The subject is >40 years old.

- The subject has a diagnosis of Intermittent Claudication (IC) due to Peripheral

Artery Disease (PAD).

- Ankle brachial index (ABI) < 0. 90 in at least one extremity, or if Ankle brachial

index (ABI)is ≥ 0. 90 to ≤ 1. 0, a reduction of at least 20% in Ankle brachial index (ABI), in at least one extremity, when measured within 1 minute after claudication-limiting treadmill testing. If the subject has non-compressible arteries then a toe brachial index (TBI) < 0. 70 is required in at least one extremity.

- Symptoms of Intermittent Claudication (IC)must be stable for at least 3 months prior

to Screening 1.

- Peak Walking Time (PWT) of ≥ 1 to ≤ 12 minutes on a Gardner protocol at Screening 2.

- If the subject is currently on statin therapy, they need to have been on statin

therapy for at least 3 months prior to Screening 1. Subjects who have recently discontinued statin therapy must "wash-out" for at least one month prior to Screening 1.

- Tolerance to background therapy of cilostazol (approximately 2 weeks of 50 mg by

mouth (PO) twice daily (BID), approximately 1 week of 100 mg PO BID) between Screening 2 and Baseline Visit.

- Subjects must be either male or females that are post-menopausal, surgically

incapable of bearing children or if they are of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test at Screening 1 and a negative urine pregnancy test at Day 0 and must agree to use double-barrier contraceptive methods until the end of investigational therapy (Day 180 Visit).

- The subject is able to comply with scheduled visits, treatment plan and laboratory


- The subject is willing to participate in this study as documented by written informed


- During the tolerance phase of the Screening period, the subject demonstrates at least

70% compliance with cilostazol and is willing to continue treatment. Exclusion Criteria:

- Evidence of critical limb ischemia (CLI) (e. g., ischemic rest pain or ischemic


- The subject has had a major amputation of the leg or any other amputation that limits

walking ability.

- The subject has diabetes mellitus type 1 or poorly controlled diabetes mellitus type

2 (hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) > 10).

- The subject has had a transient ischemic attack (TIA) or deep vein thrombosis in the

last 3 months.

- The subject has had a stroke within the last 6 months.

- The subject has participated in an angiogenic gene therapy study, unless known to be

given placebo.

- The subject has any of the following laboratory parameters at Screening 1:

- Alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) or total

bilirubin >3 times the upper limit of normal (ULN)

- Serum creatinine >2. 5 mg/dL

- Hemoglobin (Hb) <10 g/dL

- White blood cell (WBC) count <3. 0 x 103/µL; or > 15 x 103/µL

- Platelet count <100 x 103/µL

- The subject walks less than 1 minute at 2 miles per hour (mph), 0% grade as

determined during the Screening 1 treadmill familiarization.

- The subject has clinically significant electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormalities at rest

or changes during exercise or post-exercise at Screening 2 or Day 0.

- The subject has any history or clinical evidence of congestive heart failure (CHF),

with which the clinician-investigator concurs.

- The subject has uncontrolled hypertension (resting blood pressure (BP) > 180/100

mmHg) or uncontrolled arrhythmic disorders at Screening 1.

- History of coronary or peripheral revascularization within 6 months prior to

Screening 1.

- The subject plans to undergo coronary or peripheral revascularization during the

course of the study.

- The subject is currently taking L-carnitine or medication for claudication (including

pentoxifylline or cilostazol). In this situation, the subject would become eligible for Screening 1 after a 6 week washout of the medication.

- Subjects currently taking or those who anticipate taking ketoconazole, itraconazole,

or erythromycin. The subject would become eligible for Screening 1 immediately after completion of therapy or discontinuation of the drug(s).

- The subject has a known, active malignancy that requires active anti-neoplastic

therapy. (stable basal cell skin cancer allowed. Cancer being treated soley with hormonal therapy is allowed.)

- The subject has a severe co-morbidity with an expected survival of less than 2 years.

- The subject's Peak Walking Time (PWT) is limited by symptoms other than claudication

(e. g., shortness of breath (SOB), fatigue, angina, arthritis, etc.). If, in the opinion of the investigator, the subject were to improve their Peak Walking Time (PWT) from study therapy to the extent that his or her walking would then be limited by a symptom other than claudication, the subject should not be enrolled.

- The subject has a history of alcohol or other substance abuse within 6 months of

Screening 1.

- The subject has an inability to tolerate oral medication administration.

- The subject has a known or suspected allergy to the study medication(s) or class of

study medication(s) (cilostazol or L-carnitine) to be administered.

- The subject has initiated an exercise training program within 3 months of Screening

1, has the inability to maintain his or her current level of physical activity throughout the study, or the subject plans on enrolling in an exercise training program during the study.

- The subject plans to change his/her smoking status during the planned duration of

this study (subjects will be advised that stopping smoking is best for his/her health).

- The subject is currently pregnant or breastfeeding.

- The subject has received an investigational drug or biological agent within 30 days

prior to Screening 1.

- The subject is currently participating in or plans to enroll in another clinical

trial during this study.

- The subject has any other clinically significant medical or psychiatric condition

that in the opinion of the Investigator could impact the subject's ability to successfully complete this trial.

- In the Investigator's opinion, the subject experienced any Adverse Events (AEs)

during the tolerance phase of the Screening period that present a potential ongoing safety concern.

Locations and Contacts

Internal Medicine Physicians Associates, Phoenix, Arizona 85006, United States

Tatum Ridge Internal Medicine, Phoenix, Arizona 85032, United States

Central Arkansas Veteran's Healthcare System, Little Rock, Arkansas 72205, United States

VA Palo Alto Health Care System, Palo Alto, California 94304, United States

Sacramento Heart and Vascular Research Center, Sacramento, California 95825, United States

University of California at Davis Vascular Center, Sacramento, California 95817, United States

Apex Research Institute, Santa Ana, California 92705, United States

Aurora Denver Cardiology Associates, Aurora, Colorado 80012, United States

Aurora Denver Cardiology Associates, Denver, Colorado 80218, United States

Pensacola Research Consultants, Inc., Pensacola, Florida 32504, United States

DMI Healthcare Group, Inc., Pinellas Park, Florida 33782, United States

Meridian Research, St. Petersburg, Florida 33709, United States

Ochsner Medical Center, New Orleans, Louisiana 70121, United States

HPV Heart, PA, Columbia, Maryland 21044, United States

University of Massachusetts Medical Center, Worcester, Massachusetts 01605, United States

Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, New Hampshire 03756, United States

University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York 14623, United States

Durham VA-Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27705, United States

Radiant Research, Inc, Columbus, Ohio 43212, United States

Jobst Vascular Center, Toledo, Ohio 43606, United States

Clinical Trials of Texas, Inc., San Antonio, Texas 78229, United States

Peripheral Vascular Associates, San Antonio, Texas 78205, United States

Radiant Research- Salt Lake City, Salt Lake City, Utah 84107, United States

Beloit Clinic Research Office, Beloit, Wisconsin 53511, United States

Additional Information

CPC Home Page

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Starting date: September 2008
Last updated: April 11, 2013

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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