A Study to Investigate the Ability of GSK706769 to Maintain Clinical Remission After Withdrawal of Enbrel in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients
Information source: GlaxoSmithKline
Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on October 19, 2009
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.
Condition(s) targeted: Rheumatoid Arthritis
Intervention: GSK706769 (Drug); Placebo (Drug)
Phase: Phase 2
Status: Not yet recruiting
Sponsored by: GlaxoSmithKline
Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
GSK Clinical Trials, Study Director, Affiliation: GlaxoSmithKline
US GSK Clinical Trials Call Center, Phone: 877-379-3718
The purpose of this study is to determine if GSK706769 can maintain clinical remission
established by Enbrel after withdrawal of Enbrel in rheumatoid arthritis patients.
Official title: A Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled, Parallel Group Study to Investigate the Ability of GSK706769 to Maintain Clinical Remission After Withdrawal of Enbrel in Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis
Study design: Treatment, Randomized, Double Blind (Subject, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Parallel Assignment, Safety/Efficacy Study
Primary outcome: Maintenance of clinical remission after withdrawal of Enbrel in patients with RA, as determined by DAS28 scores.
The ability of GSK706769 to maintain clinical remission after withdrawal of Enbrel in patients with RA, as determined by the Patient Global Assessment scores and evidence of swollen or tender joints.
To investigate the time to relapse following withdrawal of Enbrel
Safety and tolerability of GSK706769 following repeat dosing in RA subjects for up to 28 days
Rheumatological assessments, pain, fatigue and physical functioning following repeat dosing with GSK706769 for up to 28 days
Pharmacokinetics (PK) of GSK706769, and its metabolite GSK1996847A
CCR5 receptor occupancy (RO) in peripheral blood following repeat dosing with GSK706769 for up to 28 days, as feasible
This study is a phase II, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel group study
in subjects with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) on stable doses of Enbrel. Subjects with an
adequate response to Enbrel will be enrolled into the study. Subjects will be withdrawn
from their Enbrel and randomized to receive 28 days of dosing with either GSK706769 or
placebo followed by 28 days off-drug. This study is exploring a novel therapeutic paradigm
for RA, remission maintenance. In such an approach, remission is induced and then the
inducing agent is stopped and a maintenance agent is added. The clinical benefit would be
derived from the fact that the remission agent may be easier to take (e. g. oral rather than
parenteral), more durable in its maintenance of remission, and/or safer (e. g. no TB
reactivation). This study directly explores remission maintenance. Specifically, in a
randomised, double blind, placebo controlled study, RA patients in remission through an
adequate response to Enbrel will be recruited. Enbrel has been selected as it has a
relatively short half life and therefore it is more likely patients treated with placebo may
have a higher incidence of relapse after 28 days than with other anti-TNF treatments. After
withdrawal of Enbrel (and possibly other oral DMARDs), subjects will be randomised to
receive GSK706769 or placebo for 28 days followed by a period of 28 days off treatment. It
is hypothesized that GSK706769 will prevent any CCR5+ cells from returning into the
synovium, thereby resulting in maintenance of the efficacy induced by Enbrel. In the
placebo group, CCR5 cells may re-populate the synovium resulting in increased inflammation.
Patients experiencing increased disease activity will be able to withdraw from the study and
resume standard of care.
Minimum age: 18 Years.
Maximum age: N/A.
- Male or female over 18 years of age, at the time of signing the informed consent.
- A female subject is eligible to participate if she is of child-bearing potential and
agrees to use one of the contraception methods listed in the protocol for an
appropriate period of time Female subjects must agree to use contraception until 4
days post-last dose.
- Body weight greater than or equal to 50 kg and BMI within the range 19 - 32 kg/m2.
- The subject has a diagnosis of RA according to the revised 1987 criteria of the
American College of Rheumatology (ACR) and has been treated with an anti TNF-alpha
agent for < 2 years.
- The subject is taking Enbrel for at least 6 months prior to enrollment.
- The subject is willing to stop taking Enbrel for 56 days.
- The subject is in clinical remission, defined as DAS28 less than or equal to 2. 6 and
has been for the preceding 6 months.
- Capable of giving written informed consent, which includes compliance with the
requirements and restrictions listed in the consent form.
- Average QTcB or QTcF < 450 msec; or QTc < 480 msec in subjects with Bundle Branch
- AST and ALT < 2xULN; alkaline phosphatase and bilirubin less than or equal to 1. 5xULN
(isolated bilirubin >1. 5xULN is acceptable if bilirubin is fractionated and direct
- The subject is using oral prednisolone at doses > 10mg/day.
- The subject's NSAID or glucocorticoid dosing regimen has changed during the 4 weeks
prior to randomisation.
- The subject's receiving DMARDs other than Enbrel and methotrexate.
- The subject's current methotrexate regimen has changed significantly (i. e. likely to
impact disease activity during the study period) within the 3 months prior to dosing
e. g. changes in dose of greater than 2. 5mg.
- Use of CYP3A4 inhibitors/inducers within 14 days prior to dosing and CYP3A4
substrates with a narrow therapeutic index within 7 days prior to dosing.
- The subject has participated in a clinical trial and has received an investigational
product within the following time period prior to the first dosing day in the current
study: 30 days, 5 half-lives or twice the duration of the biological effect of the
investigational product (whichever is longer).
- Exposure to more than four new chemical entities within 12 months prior to the first
- Absolute neutrophil count < 1500/ul.
- History of sensitivity to the study medication, or components thereof or a history of
drug or other allergy that contraindicates their participation.
- A positive pre-study Hepatitis B surface antigen or positive Hepatitis C antibody
result within 3 months of screening.
- Current or chronic history of liver disease, or known hepatic or biliary
abnormalities (with the exception of Gilbert's syndrome or asymptomatic gallstones).
- A positive pre-study drug screen, unless the subject is receiving a prescribed
medication that could give a positive in the drug screen and prior to the screen
being sent the medication has been discussed and pre-approved by the medical monitor.
- A positive test for HIV antibody.
- History of regular alcohol consumption within 6 months of the study defined by the
- The subject has an acute infection or a history of repeated or chronic infections.
- The subject has significant cardiac, pulmonary, metabolic, renal, hepatic or
gastrointestinal conditions that in the opinion of the investigator and/or medical
monitor, places the subject at an unacceptable risk as a participant in this trial.
- Subjects with autoimmune hemolytic anemia or G6PD deficiency.
- Malignancy in the past 2 years, except for adequately treated non-invasive cancers of
- Where participation in the study would result in donation of blood or blood products
in excess of 500 mL within a 56 day period.
- Lactating females.
- Unwillingness or inability to follow the procedures outlined in the protocol.
- Subject is mentally or legally incapacitated.
- Consumption of grapefruit, grapefruit juice or grapefruit hybrids within 7 days prior
to the first dose of study medication.
Locations and Contacts
US GSK Clinical Trials Call Center, Phone: 877-379-3718Additional Information
Starting date: October 2009
Ending date: December 2011
Last updated: September 17, 2009