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A Study to Investigate the Ability of GSK706769 to Maintain Clinical Remission After Withdrawal of Enbrel in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients

Information source: GlaxoSmithKline
Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on October 19, 2009
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Rheumatoid Arthritis

Intervention: GSK706769 (Drug); Placebo (Drug)

Phase: Phase 2

Status: Not yet recruiting

Sponsored by: GlaxoSmithKline

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
GSK Clinical Trials, Study Director, Affiliation: GlaxoSmithKline

Overall contact:
US GSK Clinical Trials Call Center, Phone: 877-379-3718

Summary

The purpose of this study is to determine if GSK706769 can maintain clinical remission established by Enbrel after withdrawal of Enbrel in rheumatoid arthritis patients.

Clinical Details

Official title: A Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled, Parallel Group Study to Investigate the Ability of GSK706769 to Maintain Clinical Remission After Withdrawal of Enbrel in Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis

Study design: Treatment, Randomized, Double Blind (Subject, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Parallel Assignment, Safety/Efficacy Study

Primary outcome: Maintenance of clinical remission after withdrawal of Enbrel in patients with RA, as determined by DAS28 scores.

Secondary outcome:

The ability of GSK706769 to maintain clinical remission after withdrawal of Enbrel in patients with RA, as determined by the Patient Global Assessment scores and evidence of swollen or tender joints.

To investigate the time to relapse following withdrawal of Enbrel

Safety and tolerability of GSK706769 following repeat dosing in RA subjects for up to 28 days

Rheumatological assessments, pain, fatigue and physical functioning following repeat dosing with GSK706769 for up to 28 days

Pharmacokinetics (PK) of GSK706769, and its metabolite GSK1996847A

CCR5 receptor occupancy (RO) in peripheral blood following repeat dosing with GSK706769 for up to 28 days, as feasible

Detailed description: This study is a phase II, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel group study in subjects with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) on stable doses of Enbrel. Subjects with an adequate response to Enbrel will be enrolled into the study. Subjects will be withdrawn from their Enbrel and randomized to receive 28 days of dosing with either GSK706769 or placebo followed by 28 days off-drug. This study is exploring a novel therapeutic paradigm for RA, remission maintenance. In such an approach, remission is induced and then the inducing agent is stopped and a maintenance agent is added. The clinical benefit would be derived from the fact that the remission agent may be easier to take (e. g. oral rather than parenteral), more durable in its maintenance of remission, and/or safer (e. g. no TB reactivation). This study directly explores remission maintenance. Specifically, in a randomised, double blind, placebo controlled study, RA patients in remission through an adequate response to Enbrel will be recruited. Enbrel has been selected as it has a relatively short half life and therefore it is more likely patients treated with placebo may have a higher incidence of relapse after 28 days than with other anti-TNF treatments. After withdrawal of Enbrel (and possibly other oral DMARDs), subjects will be randomised to receive GSK706769 or placebo for 28 days followed by a period of 28 days off treatment. It is hypothesized that GSK706769 will prevent any CCR5+ cells from returning into the synovium, thereby resulting in maintenance of the efficacy induced by Enbrel. In the placebo group, CCR5 cells may re-populate the synovium resulting in increased inflammation. Patients experiencing increased disease activity will be able to withdraw from the study and resume standard of care.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Male or female over 18 years of age, at the time of signing the informed consent.

- A female subject is eligible to participate if she is of child-bearing potential and

agrees to use one of the contraception methods listed in the protocol for an appropriate period of time Female subjects must agree to use contraception until 4 days post-last dose.

- Body weight greater than or equal to 50 kg and BMI within the range 19 - 32 kg/m2.

- The subject has a diagnosis of RA according to the revised 1987 criteria of the

American College of Rheumatology (ACR) and has been treated with an anti TNF-alpha agent for < 2 years.

- The subject is taking Enbrel for at least 6 months prior to enrollment.

- The subject is willing to stop taking Enbrel for 56 days.

- The subject is in clinical remission, defined as DAS28 less than or equal to 2. 6 and

has been for the preceding 6 months.

- Capable of giving written informed consent, which includes compliance with the

requirements and restrictions listed in the consent form.

- Average QTcB or QTcF < 450 msec; or QTc < 480 msec in subjects with Bundle Branch

Block.

- AST and ALT < 2xULN; alkaline phosphatase and bilirubin less than or equal to 1. 5xULN

(isolated bilirubin >1. 5xULN is acceptable if bilirubin is fractionated and direct bilirubin <35%).

Exclusion Criteria:

- The subject is using oral prednisolone at doses > 10mg/day.

- The subject's NSAID or glucocorticoid dosing regimen has changed during the 4 weeks

prior to randomisation.

- The subject's receiving DMARDs other than Enbrel and methotrexate.

- The subject's current methotrexate regimen has changed significantly (i. e. likely to

impact disease activity during the study period) within the 3 months prior to dosing e. g. changes in dose of greater than 2. 5mg.

- Use of CYP3A4 inhibitors/inducers within 14 days prior to dosing and CYP3A4

substrates with a narrow therapeutic index within 7 days prior to dosing.

- The subject has participated in a clinical trial and has received an investigational

product within the following time period prior to the first dosing day in the current study: 30 days, 5 half-lives or twice the duration of the biological effect of the investigational product (whichever is longer).

- Exposure to more than four new chemical entities within 12 months prior to the first

dosing day.

- Absolute neutrophil count < 1500/ul.

- History of sensitivity to the study medication, or components thereof or a history of

drug or other allergy that contraindicates their participation.

- A positive pre-study Hepatitis B surface antigen or positive Hepatitis C antibody

result within 3 months of screening.

- Current or chronic history of liver disease, or known hepatic or biliary

abnormalities (with the exception of Gilbert's syndrome or asymptomatic gallstones).

- A positive pre-study drug screen, unless the subject is receiving a prescribed

medication that could give a positive in the drug screen and prior to the screen being sent the medication has been discussed and pre-approved by the medical monitor.

- A positive test for HIV antibody.

- History of regular alcohol consumption within 6 months of the study defined by the

protocol.

- The subject has an acute infection or a history of repeated or chronic infections.

- The subject has significant cardiac, pulmonary, metabolic, renal, hepatic or

gastrointestinal conditions that in the opinion of the investigator and/or medical monitor, places the subject at an unacceptable risk as a participant in this trial.

- Subjects with autoimmune hemolytic anemia or G6PD deficiency.

- Malignancy in the past 2 years, except for adequately treated non-invasive cancers of

the skin.

- Where participation in the study would result in donation of blood or blood products

in excess of 500 mL within a 56 day period.

- Lactating females.

- Unwillingness or inability to follow the procedures outlined in the protocol.

- Subject is mentally or legally incapacitated.

- Consumption of grapefruit, grapefruit juice or grapefruit hybrids within 7 days prior

to the first dose of study medication.

Locations and Contacts

US GSK Clinical Trials Call Center, Phone: 877-379-3718

Additional Information

Starting date: October 2009
Ending date: December 2011
Last updated: September 17, 2009

Page last updated: October 19, 2009

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