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A Phase II Trial of Early Medical Adrenalectomy for "D0.5" Prostate Cancer

Information source: H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 20, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Prostate Cancer

Intervention: aminoglutethimide (Drug); ketoconazole (Drug); therapeutic hydrocortisone (Drug)

Phase: Phase 2

Status: Terminated

Sponsored by: H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Mayer Fishman, M.D., Ph.D., Principal Investigator, Affiliation: H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute


RATIONALE: Androgens can stimulate the growth of prostate cancer cells. Drugs such as aminoglutethimide or ketoconazole may stop the adrenal glands from producing hormones. Combining hydrocortisone with either aminoglutethimide or ketoconazole may be an effective treatment for prostate cancer. PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of combining hydrocortisone with either aminoglutethimide or ketoconazole in treating patients who have localized stage IV prostate cancer.

Clinical Details

Official title: A Phase II Trial of Early Medical Adrenalectomy for "D0.5" Prostate Cancer

Study design: Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Objective Response Rate (ORR) for Treatment Arm

Detailed description: OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) response proportion and duration of response of patients with localized stage IV (D0. 5) adenocarcinoma of the prostate treated with early medical adrenalectomy using hydrocortisone combined with aminoglutethimide or ketoconazole after prior antiandrogen withdrawal. II. Compare the incidence of grades 3-4 toxicities of these regimens in these patients. III. Correlate adrenal androgen suppression with response in these patients. OUTLINE: Patients are stratified according to prior antiandrogen therapy (yes vs no). Patients with prior antiandrogen therapy begin study therapy after appropriate antiandrogen withdrawal, while those without such prior therapy begin study therapy immediately. Patients undergo medical adrenalectomy using hydrocortisone combined with aminoglutethimide OR ketoconazole. Oral hydrocortisone is administered twice daily. Oral aminoglutethimide is administered twice daily for 1 week and then 4 times daily during subsequent weeks. Oral ketoconazole is administered three times daily. Combination treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 50 patients will be accrued for this study.


Minimum age: N/A. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Male.


DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically proven adenocarcinoma of the prostate Stage IV (D0. 5; no evidence of disease on CT or bone scan after testicular androgen ablation) PSA progression after testicular androgen ablation with or without antiandrogen therapy Progression is defined as at least 2 consecutive rising PSA levels (drawn at least 2 weeks apart) with a greater than 50% rise above the last nadir level (arbitrary PSA at least 2 ng/dL) PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: Not specified Performance status: ECOG 0-2 Life expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: Not specified Hepatic: Not specified Renal: Not specified Other: No other medical conditions that would increase risk Fertile patients must use effective contraception PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: Not specified Chemotherapy: Not specified Endocrine therapy: See Disease Characteristics Greater than 4 weeks since prior flutamide (6 weeks for bicalutamide or nilutamide) No prior aminoglutethimide or ketoconazole for prostate cancer Continuation of primary testicular androgen suppression (i. e., LHRH analog) required Radiotherapy: Not specified Surgery: Not specified Other: No concurrent terfenadine, astemizole, cisapride, or other medicines known to interact with ketoconazole

Locations and Contacts

H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, Tampa, Florida 33612-9497, United States
Additional Information

Starting date: May 2000
Last updated: September 25, 2012

Page last updated: August 20, 2015

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