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Infliximab (Remicade) for Patients With Acute Kawasaki Disease

Information source: University of California, San Diego
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Kawasaki Disease

Intervention: Infliximab (Remicade) (Drug); Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) (Biological)

Phase: Phase 1

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: University of California, San Diego

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Jane C Burns, M.D., Principal Investigator, Affiliation: UCSD/CHHC


This study evaluates the safety of infliximab in infants and children with acute Kawasaki Disease.

Clinical Details

Official title: Infliximab (Remicade) for Patients With Acute Kawasaki Disease Who Fail to Become Afebrile After Intravenous Gamma Globulin Therapy

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome:

Number of Adverse Events (Focused on Side Effects From IVIG or Infliximab Administration)

Area Under the Curve of Infliximab Concentration Before Infliximab Infusion and Then 2 and 24 Hours, 1 Week (5 to 9 Days), 2 Weeks (12 to 16 Days), and 4 Weeks (26 to 30 Days) After Infliximab Infusion)

Detailed description: This study is an exploratory, pilot study to examine tolerance and pharmacokinetics of infliximab in infants and children with acute Kawasaki Disease.


Minimum age: N/A. Maximum age: 18 Years. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion criteria To be eligible for the trial, subjects must meet all of the following criteria: 1. All eligible subjects, or legal representative, must provide written informed consent/assent, prior to initiation of any study procedure. 2. Eligible subjects will be infants and children, under 18 years old, with acute KD who remain or become febrile (>/= 38. 3˚ C or 101. 0˚ F) after the end of the 48 h-period after completing their IVIG infusion (2gm/kg). 3. Patients must have persistent or reoccurrence of fever > 48 hours of observation to be eligible for the trial. 4. Prior to the initial IVIG treatment, patients must have been febrile for >/= 3 days

and have met 4/5 standard clinical criteria (Table 1) - OR - patients with fever

and 3/5 clinical criteria will be eligible if echocardiogram demonstrates at least one coronary artery segment with a Z score of > 2. 5. Patients must present for their initial diagnosis and IVIG treatment within the first 14 days after fever onset (Illness Day 14). 6. Females of childbearing potential and males must be using adequate contraception (abstinence, oral contraceptives, intrauterine device, barrier method with spermicide, or surgical sterilization) throughout the trial. 7. All eligible subjects must have a chest radiograph within one week prior to first infusion of study drug with no evidence of malignancy, infection or fibrosis. Exclusion criteria If a subject has any of the following criteria, he or she may not be enrolled in the study: 1. Have been receiving corticosteroids (ie, via any route) at doses > 1 mg/kg prednisone equivalent daily. 2. Have history of TB or TB exposure. 3. Have history of histoplasmosis or coccidiomycosis. 4. Have received anakinra (Kineret®), etanercept (Enbrel®), or adalimumab (Humira®) within 1 month prior to first study drug administration. 5. Have any chronic disease, except asthma, atopic dermatitis or controlled seizure disorder. 6. Have documented history of current active hepatitis B or a history of hepatitis C infection. 7. Have documented history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection 8. Have received a transplanted organ (with the exception of a corneal transplant performed > 3 months prior to first study drug administration). 9. Have a known malignancy or history of malignancy within the 5-year period prior to first study drug administration (with the exception of squamous or basal cell carcinoma of the skin that has been completely excised without evidence of recurrence). 10. Have a history of prior lymphoproliferative disease including lymphoma. 11. Have multiple sclerosis or other central demyelinating disorder. 12. Have received any previous treatment with infliximab or other monoclonal antibodies. 13. Have used any investigational drug within 1 month prior to first study drug administration or within 5 half-lives of the investigational agent, whichever is longer. 14. Are participating in another investigative trial, involving investigational agents, during participation in this trial. 15. Have a history of substance abuse (drug or alcohol) within the previous 3 years. 16. Are pregnant, nursing, or planning pregnancy (both men and women) during the trial or within the 6-month period thereafter. 17. Have a known allergy to murine proteins or other chimeric proteins. 18. Patients with ischemic congestive heart failure.

Locations and Contacts

Ucsd/Chhc, San Diego, California 92103, United States
Additional Information

Starting date: April 2004
Last updated: June 11, 2010

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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