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Immediate Postplacental IUD Insertion

Information source: Oregon Health and Science University
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Contraception

Intervention: Mirena (Device); Paragard (Device)

Phase: Phase 0

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: Oregon Health and Science University

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Jeffrey Jensen, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Oregon Health and Science University

Overall contact:
Keenan Yanit, MD, Email: yanitk@ohsu.edu


The study will be a randomized clinical trial. Women with less than 10 prenatal visits and/or 2 or more no show visits who desire an Intrauterine Device (IUD) will be considered for enrollment. If consented and meet inclusion criteria, they will be randomized after delivery to receive an IUD immediately postplacental or at their routine postpartum visit. Women who plan to deliver a live birth singleton via vaginal or cesarean delivery at Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU) hospital will be considered for inclusion in the study. Women who desire an IUD for postpartum contraception will be approached for study participation. The postpartum contraception plan is routinely documented during their prenatal course. It is also addressed by the obstetrical team upon admission to Labor & Delivery at OHSU. The obstetrical team will identify subjects who present in labor who meet the criteria of poor prenatal clinic attendance and express interest in intrauterine contraception. Immediately after vaginal or cesarean delivery, consented subjects will be randomized to immediate postplacental IUD placement or IUD placement at their routine postpartum visit. Women randomized to the immediate postplacental IUD group will receive their IUD within 60 minutes of placental delivery. Prior to discharge from the hospital women who received a postplacental IUD will be assisted in scheduling a routine postpartum visit with their primary provider. Subjects who are randomized for IUD insertion at their postpartum visit will be assisted in scheduling a postpartum visit and IUD placement with their usual obstetrical care provider. All subjects in the delayed group will be provided with contact information for the Women's Health Research Unit (WHRU) at OHSU. If a subject cannot obtain an IUD at her usual place of care, the device will be placed at no cost through the WHRU. At 3 months after delivery, all subjects will be contacted by phone, text, or email to complete a questionnaire to determine whether they have had a known expulsion, pregnancy, or elective IUD removal. The questionnaire will include questions regarding ease of placement and overall satisfaction with the timing of placement. Subjects will be compensated for their participation in the study after the 3 month contact.

Clinical Details

Official title: Immediate Postplacental Intrauterine Device Insertion in High-risk Patient Populations

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Proportion of subjects with an IUD at 3 months postpartum


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 55 Years. Gender(s): Female.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Female

- 18 yo or older

- Singleton pregnancy at ≥32 weeks gestation at time of enrollment

- Voluntarily requesting either copper T380A or levonorgestrel IUD (LNG-IUS) placement

for postpartum contraception

- English or Spanish speaking

- Able to give consent and agree to the terms of the study

- Less than 10 prenatal visits or 2 or more no show visits

- Since IUDs are not on our hospital formulary, the patient must qualify for a Long

Acting Reversible Contraceptive (LARC) IUD (this includes all Oregon Health Plan (OHP) or Citizen/Alien Waived Emergent Medical (CAWEM) insured patients or women with income <300% of the federal poverty line). Exclusion Criteria:

- Anatomic uterine abnormalities that prevent proper fundal placement of IUD

(obstructive myomata, bicornuate, septate, etc)

- Chorioamnionitis (also consider other risk factors such as prolonged rupture of

membranes >18 hours, prolonged labor >24 hours, fever >38C)

- Puerperal sepsis

- Unresolved postpartum hemorrhage

- Extensive genital trauma

- Current incarceration

- Known or suspected untreated endocervical gonorrhea, chlamydia

- Wilson's disease, copper allergy (Paragard only)

- Known or suspected cervical or endometrial cancer or pelvic tuberculosis

- Current breast cancer (LNG-IUS only)

- Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) with severe thrombocytopenia (Paragard only)

- Trophoblastic disease (benign or malignant)

- AIDS not stable on antiretroviral

Locations and Contacts

Keenan Yanit, MD, Email: yanitk@ohsu.edu

Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Oregon 97239, United States; Recruiting
Women's Health Research Unit, Phone: 503-494-3666, Email: whru@ohsu.edu
Jeffery Jensen, MD, MPH, Principal Investigator
Keenan Yanit, MD, Sub-Investigator
Additional Information

Starting date: September 2014
Last updated: May 21, 2015

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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