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Efficacy of Ambrisentan in Limited Scleroderma Patients in Improving Blood Flow to Hands or Feet

Information source: The Cleveland Clinic
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Ischemia

Intervention: ambrisentan (Drug)

Phase: N/A

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: Soumya Chatterjee

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
NILANJANA BOSE, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: The Cleveland Clinic


The purpose of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of a drug called ambrisentan, approved by the FDA for use in pulmonary hypertension (a condition where there is increased pressure in the right side of the heart) in scleroderma patients, to see if this medicine may be beneficial in relieving and/or preventing Raynaud's flares in you and other patients like you. This medicine may have some short-term and long-term benefits in persons with scleroderma

Clinical Details

Official title: Evaluation of the Effect of Ambrisentan on Digital Microvascular Flow in Patients With Systemic Sclerosis Using Laser Doppler Perfusion Imaging

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Digital Micro-vascular Flow

Detailed description: Baseline screening-we will screen you with a baseline review of your history, medications and lab values and you will need to get blood drawn for hemoglobin level, liver function panel and blood pregnancy test for females in child bearing age group. Women are advised strongly to use 2 reliable forms of contraception while in this study unless you have had tubal ligation or intrauterine device placement. You are advised to stop taking medications like nitrates (like nitroglycerin), calcium channel blockers (like nifedipine or amlodipine), angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (like lisinopril or enalapril or captopril), angiotensin receptor blockers (like valsartan or candesartan) or phosphodiesterase inhibitors (like Viagra or Revatio) at least 1 week prior to you coming for the first visit for the study and abstain from them during study period unless absolutely necessary. Please avoid caffeine, smoking and over the counter cold remedies at least 2 days prior to the first visit and during the study period. You will be asked to go to the Clinical Research Unit( CRU) located on M 51 in Cleveland Clinic main campus to partake in the study and will go back there for subsequent visits at 1 week and then at 12 weeks after having started the study. This is a placebo-controlled randomized trial where 15 patients will get the active medication and the other 5 will get a placebo (pill with no active ingredient but not harmful to you in any way). This means you have a 3 in 4 (75%) chance of getting the active medication (ambrisentan) versus the placebo- both pills will look exactly the same. This process is called "randomization" and is similar to flipping a coin. The patients getting the active medication versus placebo will be randomly selected by the computer; the medications will be distributed by the central pharmacy and sent to the nurses on CRU and given to you on your first visit to the CRU. No one will know who received the active medication versus the placebo till the study ends and the data is analyzed. Those getting the active medicine ambrisentan will initially get a dose of 5mg by mouth daily and then the dose will be increased to 10mg by mouth daily after 4 weeks if the medicine is well tolerated. This will be done by the computer for randomization/selection and the pharmacist for drug dispensing. If you experience any side effects, please contact us for further advice. You will be evaluated each visit by the nurses at weeks 0, 1 and 12 for any drug related problems. We will be monitoring the routine scheduled blood work results to make sure you do not develop any drug related problems which can be detected on blood work. A machine called the 'Laser Doppler Perfusion Imaging' machine will be used at each of your visits to the CRU at weeks 0, 1 and 12. This machine uses simple laser beams and will scan the top part of your non-dominant hand (the left hand for most people) to measure the blood flow through the blood vessels there when your hand is at room temperature (around 77'F) and when it has been cooled to 50'F for 2 minutes with the help of a cold flask. This is a safe and simple technique and does not involve any radiation exposure. You will also be asked to fill out 3 questionnaires at each of visits (week 0, 1 and 12) to the CRU-these have some simple questions regarding your degree of pain, severity of Raynaud's symptoms and the effect of scleroderma in your day-to-day functioning. Please budget at least 1-2 hours for your initial visit (week 0) to the CRU and then 1 hour for your visits at 1 week and 12 weeks to the CRU.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 70 Years. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Subjects should have limited scleroderma with disease duration <7 years and should

satisfy American College of Rheumatology criteria for diagnosis. 9;

- 10 Raynaud's phenomenon would be defined as episodic, bilateral, digital color

changes (at least 2 out of 3 possible phases:

- pallor, cyanosis, rubor),

- provoked by cold or emotional stress.

- Subjects should be between 18 and 70 years of age and be able to give informed

consent. Exclusion Criteria:

- (a) current tobacco users,

- (b) advanced cardiopulmonary disease,

- (c) clinically unstable patient,

- (d) presence of active digital ulcers or prior history of digital ulcers which led to

scarring or significant pitting of digits in the area of interest(presence of ulcers or pits would interfere with measurement of blood flow by LDPI),

- (e) pregnancy (class X in pregnancy) or unable to use two reliable forms of

contraception during the study if patient is of child bearing age,

- (f) patients with moderate or severe hepatic impairment

- (g) hemoglobin values less than 10% of the lower limit of normal per laboratory


- (h) inability to discontinue vasodilator treatment including calcium channel

blockers, nitrates, alpha blockers, PDE-5 inhibitors, ACE inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers at least one week prior to the study,

- (i) echocardiographic evidence of pulmonary arterial hypertension [estimated right

ventricular systolic pressure <35 mm Hg],

- (j) based on section 7. 3 of the full prescribing information booklet- patients on

cyclosporine, rifampin or ritonavir should be excluded,

- (k) patients with diffuse disease,

- (l) disease duration > 7 years

Locations and Contacts

Nilanjana Bose, Md, Cleveland, Ohio 44195, United States
Additional Information

Starting date: February 2010
Last updated: March 22, 2013

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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