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Rocuronium Dose Finding Study After Single-shot or Steady-state Propofol Anesthesia

Information source: Technische Universität München
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Neuromuscular Blockade; Anesthesia

Intervention: Single-Shot Propofol (Drug); 30min infusion Propofol (Drug); Remifentanil infusion (Drug); Rocuronium (0.07mg/kg/body mass) (Drug); Rocuronium (0.1mg/kg/body mass) (Drug); Rocuronium (0.15mg/kg/body mass) (Drug); Rocuronium (0.2mg/kg/body mass) (Drug); Rocuronium (0.3mg/kg/body mass) (Drug); Rocuronium (0.45mg/kg/body mass) (Drug)

Phase: N/A

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: Technische Universität München

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Manfred Blobner, M.D., Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Klinik für Anaesthesiologie, Klinikum rechts der Isar der Technischen Universität München, Ismaninger Str. 22, 81675 München, Germany


This study is designed to determine the effective-doses ED-50 and ED-95 (the doses required for a 50% and 95% twitch inhibition, respectively) of the non-depolarizing muscle relaxant rocuronium after single-shot or steady-state propofol anesthesia in a clinical setting.

Clinical Details

Official title: Rocuronium Dose Finding Study After Single-shot or Steady-state Propofol

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Pharmacodynamics Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome:

ED-50 of rocuronium

ED-95 of rocuronium

Secondary outcome: Pharmacodynamics of rocuronium (composite outcome measure)

Detailed description: Neuromuscular blocking agents are worldwide used as a standard component of a modern balanced anesthesia regime. They are administered to facilitate tracheal intubation, reduce laryngeal trauma and optimize surgical conditions. The dose usually recommended to facilitate tracheal intubation approximates at least two times the drug´s effective dose ED-95 (the dose required for a 95% effect) depending on the choice of the neuromuscular blocking agent. This overdose is administered to induce a very deep paralysis with a fast onset of action providing clinically acceptable intubating conditions. Moreover, our clinical experience has shown that the dose-relationship of a neuromuscular blocking agents estimated during steady-state anesthesia does not necessarily correlate with the dose-response curve of the same drug during anesthetic induction. Therefore, a discrepancy between the applied dose and the clinical outcome measure, the intubating conditions, becomes apparent. This might be related to effects of the co-administered anesthetics at the neuromuscular junction. While inhaled anesthetics augment the paralyzing effects of non-depolarizering muscle relaxants in a dose-dependent fashion and depend on the duration of anesthesia, little is known about the interactions of the intravenous anesthetic propofol with the non-depolarizing blocking agent rocuronium. We hypothesize that the intravenous administration of propofol also influences the potency of rocuronium dependant on the duration of its application. This study, therefore, is designed to determine the dose-response relationship of rocuronium after single-shot or steady-state propofol anesthesia in a clinical setting. The primary endpoints are the ED-50s and ED-95s of rocuronium during anesthetic induction with a single-shot propofol and after 30minutes of steady-state propofol anesthesia. The secondary endpoints are the slopes and the intercepts of the respective dose-response-curves, the onset and duration of muscle paralysis and the recovery from neuromuscular blockade. Materials & Methods We will investigate patients scheduled for elective low-risk surgical procedures under general anesthesia. Patients will be allocated to two experimental groups. After neuromuscular monitoring is established under remifentanil infusion, patients of the group "Induction" will receive a single-shot propofol followed by injection of rocuronium and endotracheal intubation. Patients of the group "Maintenance" will be anaesthetized with an induction dose of propofol followed by 30 minutes of total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA: propofol/ remifentanil) before rocuronium is administered. Airway will be managed using a laryngeal mask or tracheal intubation. During surgery, anesthesia will be maintained with TIVA. Onset and duration of neuromuscular blockade and spontaneous recovery will be monitored with electromyography. Postoperatively, patients will be monitored for 60 minutes in our post-anesthesia care unit.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria: 1. Patients scheduled for a low risk-surgical procedure under general anesthesia 2. Patients ASA physical status I-III 3. Patients older than 18years 4. Patients having given informed consent to the study Exclusion Criteria: 1. Patients who decline to give informed consent to the study 2. Known or suspected allergy towards anesthetics or rocuronium 3. Pregnant and breastfeeding women 4. Known or suspected neuromuscular disease 5. Burn injury prior to the investigation 6. Anatomic and functional malformations with expected difficult intubation 7. Anorexia, Bulimia nervosa, Malnutrition 8. Heart failure 9. Use of drugs that interfere with muscle relaxant

Locations and Contacts

Klinik für Anaesthesiologie, Klinikum rechts der Isar der Technischen Universität München, Munich, Bavaria 81675, Germany
Additional Information

Related publications:

Naguib M, Seraj M, Abdulrazik E. Pipecuronium-induced neuromuscular blockade during nitrous oxide-fentanyl, enflurane, isoflurane, and halothane anesthesia in surgical patients. Anesth Analg. 1992 Aug;75(2):193-7.

Viby-Mogensen J, Jørgensen BC, Ording H. Residual curarization in the recovery room. Anesthesiology. 1979 Jun;50(6):539-41.

Debaene B, Plaud B, Dilly MP, Donati F. Residual paralysis in the PACU after a single intubating dose of nondepolarizing muscle relaxant with an intermediate duration of action. Anesthesiology. 2003 May;98(5):1042-8.

Eikermann M, Blobner M, Groeben H, Rex C, Grote T, Neuhäuser M, Beiderlinden M, Peters J. Postoperative upper airway obstruction after recovery of the train of four ratio of the adductor pollicis muscle from neuromuscular blockade. Anesth Analg. 2006 Mar;102(3):937-42.

Hemmerling TM, Le N, Decarie P, Cousineau J, Bracco D. Total intravenous anesthesia with propofol augments the potency of mivacurium. Can J Anaesth. 2008 Jun;55(6):351-7. doi: 10.1007/BF03021490.

Robertson EN, Fragen RJ, Booij LH, van Egmond J, Crul JF. Some effects of diisopropyl phenol (ICI 35 868) on the pharmacodynamics of atracurium and vecuronium in anaesthetized man. Br J Anaesth. 1983 Aug;55(8):723-8.

Starting date: March 2012
Last updated: May 7, 2014

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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