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Atripla to Raltegravir Switch Study

Information source: St Stephens Aids Trust
Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on February 07, 2013
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: HIV Infection

Intervention: Truvada/Raltegravir (Drug)

Phase: Phase 3

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: St Stephens Aids Trust

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Mark Nelson, Dr, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: St Stephen's AIDS Trust

Overall contact:
Mark Nelson, Dr, Phone: 02088465610, Email: mark.nelson@chelwest.nhs.uk

Summary

The purpose of the study is to investigate the benefits of switching away from efavirenz (part of the combination pill, Atripla«) in patients with central nervous system side effects (such as insomnia {difficulty with sleeping}, bad dreams etc). The investigators will investigate the effect of switching to Truvada (a combination pill of tenofovir and emtricitabine, the other two components of Atripla) plus raltegravir.

Raltegravir is a licensed drug for HIV treatment which showed side effects were fewer in number when compared to efavirenz in 2 other clinical studies, where patients were starting HIV treatment for the first time.

This study will also investigate the safety (in terms of other side effects and the routine blood tests which the investigators ordinarily use to monitor your treatment) and monitor effectiveness, your viral load and CD4 counts, when you switch treatment from Atripla® to Truvada/raltegravir.

Clinical Details

Official title: A Phase III, Open-label, Single Centre, Single-arm, Pilot Study to Assess the Feasibility of Switching, Individuals Receiving Efavirenz With Continuing Central Nervous System (CNS) Toxicity, to Raltegravir

Study design: Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: The rate of neuropsychiatric and central nervous system (CNS) toxicity of raltegravir therapy

Secondary outcome:

The rate of neuropsychiatric and central nervous system (CNS) toxicity of raltegravir therapy

Change from baseline to week 12 in CD4+ count after 12 weeks of raltegravir

Proportion of patients with viral load < 50 copies/mL and <400 copies/ml at weeks 4 and 12 after switching to raltegravir

Change in fasting lipids (total cholesterol and subfractions and triglycerides) after 4 and 12 weeks of raltegravir

Proportion of patients with grade 2-4 laboratory parameters (excluding lipids) after 12 weeks of raltegravir compared with baseline

Proportion of patients with grade 2-4 non-CNS adverse events after 12 weeks of raltegravir compared with baseline

Change from baseline in adherence from baseline after 12 weeks of raltegravir as measured by the adherence questionnaire: Medication Adherence Self-Report Inventory (M-MASRI)

Change from baseline of CNS toxicity as measured by Hospital Anxiety and Depression (HADS) score (baseline vs week 12)

Detailed description: The majority of individuals who commence treatment for HIV in the UK start with a regimen that includes EFV in combination with other antiretrovirals. These regimens are convenient (once daily dosing) and highly efficacious. However EFV has several potential drawbacks including continued CNS toxicity, the potential for teratogenesis and a low barrier to the development of virological resistance.

Clinically controlled trials frequently reported undesirable nervous system side effects in patients receiving 600 mg EFV with other antiretroviral agents, including dizziness, insomnia, somnolence, impaired concentration and abnormal dreaming. CNS symptoms of moderate to severe intensity were experienced by 19. 4% of patients compared to 9. 0% of patients receiving control regimens. These symptoms were severe in 2. 0% of patients receiving EFV 600 mg daily and in 1. 3% of patients receiving control regimens. In clinical studies 2. 1% of patients treated with 600 mg of EFV discontinued therapy because of nervous system symptoms

The majority of individuals who commence treatment for HIV in the UK start with a regimen that includes EFV in combination with other antiretrovirals. These regimens are convenient (once daily dosing) and highly efficacious. However EFV has several potential drawbacks including continued CNS toxicity, the potential for teratogenesis and a low barrier to the development of virological resistance.

Clinically controlled trials frequently reported undesirable nervous system side effects in patients receiving 600 mg EFV with other antiretroviral agents, including dizziness, insomnia, somnolence, impaired concentration and abnormal dreaming. CNS symptoms of moderate to severe intensity were experienced by 19. 4% of patients compared to 9. 0% of patients receiving control regimens. These symptoms were severe in 2. 0% of patients receiving EFV 600 mg daily and in 1. 3% of patients receiving control regimens. In clinical studies 2. 1% of patients treated with 600 mg of EFV discontinued therapy because of nervous system symptoms.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

1. is male or female aged 18 years or above

2. has a documented HIV-1 infection

3. has signed the Informed Consent Form voluntarily

4. is willing to comply with the protocol requirements

5. has an HIV-plasma viral load at screening <50 copies/mL

6. has a CD4 cell count at Screening >50 cells/mm3

7. has been on a stable ART, with at least 3 licensed agents, one of which being EFV, for at least 12 weeks at Screening, and has been on Atripla for at least 4 weeks at screening; the subject must be willing to stay on treatment until Baseline

8. estimated glomerular filtration rate (by MDRD or CG methods) >50 ml/min.

9. has symptomatic toxicity associated with EFV after at least 12 weeks of therapy

10. if female and of childbearing potential, she is using effective birth control methods (as agreed by the investigator) and is willing to continue practising these birth control methods during the trial and for at least 30 days after the end of the trial (or after last intake of investigational ARVs); Note: Women who are postmenopausal for least 2 years, women with total hysterectomy, and women who have a tubal ligation are considered of non-childbearing potential

11. if a heterosexually active male, he is using effective birth control methods and is willing to continue practising these birth control methods during the trial and until follow-up visit

Exclusion Criteria:

1. is infected with HIV-2

2. is using any concomitant therapy disallowed as per SPC for the study drugs (section 5. 2)

3. has a currently active AIDS defining illness (Category C conditions according to the CDC Classification System for HIV Infection 1993) with the following exceptions (must be discussed with the sponsor prior to enrolment):

- Stable cutaneous Kaposi's Sarcoma (no pulmonary or gastrointestinal involvement

other than oral lesions) unlikely to require systemic therapy during the trial period

- CD4 count less than 200 cells/mm3 Note: Primary and secondary prophylaxis for an

AIDS defining illness is allowed

4. has acute viral hepatitis including, but not limited to, A, B, or C

5. has chronic hepatitis B and/or C with AST and/or ALT >5 x ULN Note: Subjects co-infected with chronic HBV or HCV can enter the trial if clinically stable and not expected to require treatment during the trial period.

6. has received any investigational drug within 30 days prior to the trial drug administration

7. Prior exposure to raltegravir or investigational integrase inhibitors

8. Any tenofovir or emtricitabine associated resistance mutations

9. No baseline resistance test available

10. Clinically significant allergy or hypersensitivity to any trial medication excipients

11. If female, she is pregnant or breastfeeding

12. screening blood results with any grade 3 / 4 toxicity according to Division of AIDS (DAIDS) grading scale, except: asymptomatic grade 3 glucose, amylase or lipid elevation or asymptomatic grade 4 triglyceride elevation (re-test allowed).

13. Clinical or laboratory evidence of significantly decreased hepatic function or decompensation: INR > 1. 5 or albumin < 30g/L or bilirubin > 2. 5 x ULN

14. Resolution of their CNS toxicity between Screening and Baseline visits

15. Any condition (including drug/alcohol abuse) or laboratory results which, in the investigator's opinion, interfere with assessments or completion of the trial.

Locations and Contacts

Mark Nelson, Dr, Phone: 02088465610, Email: mark.nelson@chelwest.nhs.uk

St Stephen's Centre, London SW10 9NH, United Kingdom; Recruiting
Chris Higgs, Phone: 0208 846 6135, Email: chris.higgs@chelwest.nhs.uk
Carl Fletcher, Phone: 0208 846 6323, Email: carl.fletcher@chelwest.nhs.uk
Laura Waters, Dr, Sub-Investigator
Additional Information

Starting date: October 2010
Last updated: June 8, 2012

Page last updated: February 07, 2013

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