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Interaction Between Duloxetine and 3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, Ecstasy)

Information source: University Hospital, Basel, Switzerland
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 20, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Mood Disorder; Substance-Related Disorders; Amphetamine-Related Disorders

Intervention: 3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (Drug); Duloxetine (Drug); Placebo (Drug)

Phase: Phase 1

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: University Hospital, Basel, Switzerland

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Matthias E Liechti, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Pharmacology & Toxicology, University Hospital Basel, Switzerland

Summary

The purpose of this study is to determinate the effect of a pre-treatment with the combined serotonin (5-HT) and norepinephrine (NE) transport blocker duloxetine on the pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, "Ecstasy"). The investigators hypothesize that duloxetine will attenuate the subjective and cardiovascular response to MDMA.

Clinical Details

Official title: Pharmacological Interaction Between Duloxetine and 3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, Ecstasy): Pharmacodynamics (PD) and Pharmacokinetics (PK)

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics/Dynamics Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Basic Science

Primary outcome: Effect of duloxetine on the subjective response to MDMA

Secondary outcome:

Effect of duloxetine on cardiovascular effects of MDMA

Effect of duloxetine on pharmacokinetics of MDMA

Effect of MDMA on duloxetine pharmacokinetics

Tolerability of MDMA and duloxetine

Effect of duloxetine on neuroendocrine responses to MDMA

Detailed description: 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, "ecstasy") is widely used by young people for its euphoric effects. MDMA releases serotonin (5-HT), norepinephrine (NE), and dopamine through an interaction with the corresponding presynaptic monoamine uptake transporter. 5-HT transport inhibitors block MDMA-induced 5-HT release in vitro or in animals and also attenuate the subjective and cardiovascular response to MDMA in humans. NE transport inhibitors similarly prevent the MDMA-induced release of NE in cell assays and attenuate behavioral effects of MDMA in animals. Effects of the NE transporter inhibitor reboxetine on the response to MDMA in humans are currently investigated. Here we suggest evaluating effects of pretreatment with the combined 5-HT and NE transport blocker duloxetine on the pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of MDMA. The study will use a randomized double-blind cross-over design with four experimental sessions. Duloxetine (120 mg) or placebo will be administered 16 h and 4 h before the administration of MDMA (125 mg) or placebo to 16 healthy volunteers. Subjective and cardiovascular responses and plasma samples for pharmacokinetics will be repeatedly assessed throughout the experiments.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 45 Years. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Sufficient understanding of the German language

- Subjects understand the procedures and the risks associated with the study

- Participants must be willing to adhere to the protocol and sign the consent form

- Participants must be willing to refrain from taking illicit psychoactive substances

during the study.

- Participants must be willing to drink only alcohol-free liquids and no

xanthine-containing liquids (such as coffee, black or green tea, red bull, chocolate) after midnight of the evening before the study session. Subjects must agree not to smoke tobacco for 1 h before and 4 hours after MDMA administration.

- Participants must be willing not to drive a traffic vehicle in the evening of the

study day.

- Women of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test at the beginning

of the study and must agree to use an effective form of birth control. Pregnancy tests are repeated before each study session.

- Body mass index: 18-25 kg/m2

Exclusion Criteria:

- Chronic or acute medical condition including clinically relevant abnormality in

physical exam, laboratory values, or ECG. In particular: Hypertension (>140/90 mmHg). Personal or first-grade history of seizures. Cardiac or neurological disorder.

- Current or previous psychotic or affective disorder

- Psychotic or affective disorder in first-degree relatives

- Prior illicit drug use (except THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol)-containing products) more

than 5 times or any time within the previous 2 months.

- Pregnant or nursing women.

- Participation in another clinical trial (currently or within the last 30 days)

- Use of medications that are contraindicated or otherwise interfere with the effects

of the study medications (monoamine oxidase inhibitors, antidepressants, sedatives etc.)

Locations and Contacts

Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology, University Hospital Basel, Basel 4031, Switzerland
Additional Information

Starting date: November 2009
Last updated: January 24, 2013

Page last updated: August 20, 2015

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